Libo Rupilius Frugi

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Libo Rupilius Frugi (flourished 1st century, died 101), whose full name was Lucius Scribonius Libo Rupilius Frugi Bonus,[1] was a Roman suffect consul and an ancestor to Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius.

He was one of the sons and among the children born to Marcus Licinius Crassus Frugi who had been consul in 64 from his wife Sulpicia Praetextata daughter of the suffect consul in 46, Quintus Sulpicius Camerinus Peticus[1][2] and a grandson of Marcus Licinius Crassus Frugi who had been consul in 27 and noblewoman Scribonia. His brother Gaius Calpurnius Piso Crassus Frugi Licinianus,[1][2] had been a consul in 87.[2][3] The father of Frugi, was executed by the Roman emperor Nero between 66 and 68, because of information brought against him by Marcus Aquilius Regulus.[4] After the death of his father, his mother took him with his siblings, to a Roman Senate meeting in 70 early in the reign of Roman emperor Vespasian, seeking vengeance for his father’s death.[4] Regulus with his associated political circle was prosecuted by the Roman Senate.[5]

According to Augustan History, Frugi was of consular rank and refers to him as a former consul.[6] Frugi served as a suffect consul in 88.[3] Pliny the Younger reports him speaking aggressively in the Roman Senate in 101.[7]

Frugi married the niece of the Roman emperor Trajan, Salonina Matidia as her third husband, as from her previous two marriages Matidia had two daughters Vibia Sabina and Mindia Matidia or Matidia Minor. Frugi with Matidia had a daughter called Rupilia Faustina.[8] The noblewoman Rupilia Faustina became the paternal grandmother of Marcus Aurelius.[6][9]


  1. ^ a b c Romeins Imperium – Marcus Licinius Crassus Frugi translated from Dutch to English
  2. ^ a b c Vasily Rudich, Political Dissidence Under Nero: The Price of Dissimulation, Routledge
  3. ^ a b Brian W. Jones, The Emperor Domitian, p.p.165-6. Routledge
  4. ^ a b J. Shelton, , The Women of Pliny's Letters, p.153. Routledge, 2013
  5. ^ S.H. Rutledge, Imperial Inquisitions: Prosecutors and Informants from Tiberius to Domitian (Google eBook), p.119. Routledge, 2002
  6. ^ a b Augustan History, Marcus Aurelius, 1.4, where Rupili Boni is emended to Rupili Libonis
  7. ^ Pliny the Younger, Ep. 3.9.33
  8. ^ Matidia the Elder, from
  9. ^ "Libo Frugi's wife is unknown, but J. Carcopino, REA 51 (1949) 262 ff. argued that she was Matidia. This was supported by H. G. Pflaum, HAC 1963 (1964) 106 f. However, Schumacher, Priesterkollegien 195 points out that Libo Frugi's daughter Rupilia Faustina can hardly have been old enough, in that case, to be the mother of Marcus' father. The only way out would be to suppose that Matidia married Libo before her other two husbands; and was divorced from him (as he was still alive in 101). The theory becomes increasingly implausible." Anthony Richard Birley, Marcus Aurelius, page 244

Nerva–Antonine family tree[edit]

  • (1) = 1st spouse
  • (2) = 2nd spouse (not shown)
  • (3) = 3rd spouse
  • Darker purple indicates Emperor of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty; lighter purple indicates designated imperial heir of said dynasty who never reigned
  • dashed lines indicate adoption; dotted lines indicate love affairs/unmarried relationships
  • small caps = posthumously deified (Augusti, Augustae, or other)

Q. Marcius Barea Soranus Q. Marcius Barea Sura Antonia Furnilla M. Cocceius Nerva Sergia Plautilla P. Aelius Hadrianus
(r. 79-81)
Marcia Furnilla Marcia Trajanus Pater Nerva
(r. 96–98)
Ulpia Aelius Hadrianus Marullinus
Julia Flavia Marciana C. Salonius Matidius Trajan
(r. 98–117)
Plotina P. Acilius Attianus P. Aelius Afer Paulina Major L. Julius Ursus Servianus
Lucius Mindius
Libo Rupilius Frugi
Matidia L. Vibius Sabinus
Antinous Hadrian (r. 117–138) Paulina
Matidia Minor Suetonius Sabina
Annius Verus
C. Fuscus Salinator I Julia Serviana Paulina
Rupilia Faustina Boionia Procilla Cn. Arrius Antoninus
L. Caesennius Paetus L. Ceionius Commodus Appia Severa C. Fuscus Salinator II
Arria Antonia Arria Fadilla T. Aurelius Fulvus
L. Caesennius Antoninus Lucius
Fundania Plautia Ignota Plautia C. Avidius
Antoninus Pius
(r. 138–161)
M. Annius Verus Domitia Lucilla Fundania M. Annius Libo FAUSTINA Lucius Aelius
Avidia Plautia
(r. 161–180)
FAUSTINA Minor C. Avidius Cassius Aurelia Fadilla LUCIUS VERUS
(r. 161–169)
Ceionia Fabia Plautius Quintillus Q. Servilius Pudens Ceionia Plautia
Cornificia Minor M. Petronius Sura COMMODUS
(r. 177–192)
Fadilla M. Annius Verus Caesar Ti. Claudius Pompeianus (2) Lucilla M. Plautius Quintillus Junius Licinius Balbus Servilia Ceionia
Petronius Antoninus L. Aurelius Agaclytus
Aurelia Sabina L. Antistius Burrus
Plautius Quintillus Plautia Servilla C. Furius Sabinus Timesitheus Antonia Gordiana Junius Licinius Balbus
Furia Sabina Tranquillina GORDIAN III
(r. 238-244)