Libohovë

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Libohovë
Municipality
Libohova.jpg
Official logo of Libohovë
Emblem
Libohovë is located in Albania
Libohovë
Libohovë
Coordinates: 40°2′N 20°16′E / 40.033°N 20.267°E / 40.033; 20.267
Country  Albania
County Stema e Qarkut Gjirokastër.svg Gjirokastër
Government
 • Mayor Luiza Mandi (PS)
Area
 • Municipality 248.24 km2 (95.85 sq mi)
Elevation 408 m (1,339 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Municipality 3,667
 • Municipality density 15/km2 (38/sq mi)
 • Administrative Unit 1,992
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal Code 6003
Area Code (0)881
Vehicle registration AL

Libohovë (definite Albanian form: Libohova) is a town and a municipality in southern Albania. It is overlooked by Libohovë Castle and has a main street with views across the Drino valley. Libohovë is at the foot of the Bureto Mountain. The region forms part of the Zagori Regional Nature Park[1] located in Zagori region.

The municipality was formed at the 2015 local government reform by the merger of the former municipalities Libohovë, Qendër Libohovë and Zagori, that became municipal units. The seat of the municipality is the town Libohovë.[2] The total population is 3,667 (2011 census), in a total area of 248.24 km2.[3] The population of the former municipality at the 2011 census was 1,992.[4]

History

The archaeological evidence indicates a very ancient settlement which reached its zenith in the 17th century. It may be the exact site of present Dropull's former Catholic Diocese of Hadrianopolis in Epiro.[5] In the late 17th century, the Ottoman traveler Evliya Çelebi passed through Libohovë noting it was inhabited by Muslim Albanians and had 200 houses, a mosque, prayer house, inn and small bathhouse.[6]

It is the home of a well-known Albanian noble family, which shares its name with the town. Prior to the communist era they held considerable sway over the country's politics. The castle is a substantial fortress with four polygonal corner towers and a curtain wall surrounding a wide courtyard. The sister of Ali Pasha of Tepelenë, Shanica, married one of the most important members of the Libohovë family and the castle was the dowry that Ali Pasha presented to her.[citation needed] In the town centre is an old plane tree around which a bar-restaurant has been built. Also in the centre is the house of Myfit (Bey) Libohovë (1876–1927), a renowned politician, the first minister of internal affairs and foreign affairs serving in the Albanian Government of 1912.

During the interwar period (20th century) Libohovë was a well watered, large and wealthy settlement located among extensive groves containing 500 houses, its inhabitants spoke Albanian and were mostly Muslim.[7] Libohovë was a centre for the Muslim Sufi Bektashi order with several tekkes located in Dropull.[7]

Places of interest

Notable locals

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  2. ^ Law nr. 115/2014 Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Interactive map administrative territorial reform
  4. ^ 2011 census results Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ http://www.gcatholic.org/dioceses/former/t0063.htm
  6. ^ Dankoff, Robert; Elsie, Robert (2000). Evliya Çelebi in Albania and Adjacent Regions: Kossovo, Montenegro, Ohrid. Brill. p. 91. ISBN 9789004116245. "We continued westwards from Delvinaki for 6 hours and arrived at the village of Libohova. It is on the border of the kadi-district of Gjirokastër at the foot of a mountain with flowing water, like the fabled garden of Irem. It consists of 200 houses with slate roofs and is inhabited by Albanians, who are, however, Muslims. It has a congregational mosque, a prayer house, a han and a small bathhouse."
  7. ^ a b Hammond, Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière (1967). Epirus: the Geography, the Ancient Remains, the History and Topography of Epirus and Adjacent Areas. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 29. ISBN 9780198142539. "Libohovë, with some 500 houses, is also a religious centre of the progressive Bektashi sect of Muslims and there were several heroa (teke) with Dervishes in Dhropul during the years between the two World Wars."; p.207 "On the Albanian side the largest and richest village is Libohovë (500 houses), which is situated among the extensive groves and is well watered in contrast to Agyrokastro. The population is almost entirely Mohammedan." p. 209. "Whereas Libohovë and the village north of it are Albanian in speech,"