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Library.nu, previously called ebooksclub.org from 2004 to 2007 and gigapedia.com from 2007 to 2010, was a popular linking website. It was accused of copyright infringement and it was shut down by court order on February 15, 2012. According to the takedown notice, it hosted some 400,000 ebooks and allegedly had a revenue of over $10 million.
According to an article posted in the British The Sunday Times, investigators believed that library.nu was operated by Irish nationals, possibly from Galway, through a server in Kiev, the Ukrainian capital.
This website was targeted by coordinated legal action from 17 publishers who obtained an injunction from a Munich court. The majority of the claimed infringing files were hosted on the iFile.it file hosting service, whose representatives however disclaimed a close relationship with Library.nu. In contrast, a representative of a private intellectual property agency hired by the book publishers stated that the "owners and directors of iFile.it" were the persons whose names appeared on the receipts of PayPal donations to Library.nu. According to TorrentFreak, "the legal team of the publishers estimated the revenue based on page impressions as well as estimated income from premium accounts, but this figure is laughable according to the iFile.it owner, which makes sense considering the site’s modest size." The iFile.it owner also told TorrentFreak that "they can barely cover the server costs with the revenue they make."
Aftermath and alternative websites
- Business aspects of academic publishing
- Library Genesis
- "Gigapedia: The greatest, largest and the best website for downloading eBooks". Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- "Irish-run website investigated over ebook piracy operation." Sunday Times [London, England] 18 Dec. 2011: 6. Academic OneFile. Web. 20 Dec. 2011.
- "File sharers targeted over ebooks". Financial Times.
- "Book Publishers 'Shut Down' Library.nu and iFile-it - TorrentFreak". TorrentFreak.
- Losowsky, Andrew (15 February 2012). "Book Downloading Site Targeted By Publishers". Huffington Post.
- Estienne, Pierre "The burning of library.nu", Knowledge Utopia (Blog)
- Ernesto, "Book Publishers ‘Shut Down’ Library.nu and iFile-it", TorrentFreak, February 15, 2012
- Losowsky, Andrew, "Library.nu, Book Downloading Site, Targeted In Injunctions Requested By 17 Publishers", Huffington Post, February 16, 2012
- Wujastyk, Dominik, "Burning the Library of Alexandria, again", Cikitsā blog, Tuesday, February 28, 2012
- Kelty, Christopher M., "The disappearing virtual library", Al Jazeera, March 1, 2012
- Liang, Lawrence. (2012). Shadow Libraries. e-flux.