Librem

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Librem is a line of computers manufactured by Purism, SPC featuring free (libre) hardware and software.[1][2][3][4][5][6] The laptop line is designed to protect privacy and freedom by providing no non-free (proprietary) software in the operating system or kernel,[7][8][9][10] avoiding the Intel Active Management Technology,[11] and gradually freeing and securing firmware.[12][13] Librem laptops feature hardware kill switches[14][15][16] for the microphone, webcam, Bluetooth, & Wi-Fi, and can be purchased air gapped.

Models manufactured[edit]

There are presently two laptop models in production, the Librem 13 (version 2) and Librem 15 (version 3). At the end of 2016, Purism announced[17] it would be preparing to move from a build to order production approach to a "ship from inventory" model with the new batches of Librem 13 and 15. A convertible tablet model, the Librem 11, is planned[18] and available for preorder, but does not have an exact availability date as of April 2017.[19] In addition, Purism is planning a smartphone product which may be part of the Librem line.

Operating system[edit]

Initially planning to preload its Librem laptops with the Trisquel operating system,[20][21] Purism eventually moved off the Trisquel platform to rebase onto Debian for the 2.0 release of its PureOS Linux operating system.[22] As an alternative to PureOS, Librem laptops were originally announced as purchasable with Qubes preloaded,[23] but in July, 2017 Librem announced that Qubes was no longer an option for new orders.[24] In December 2017 the Free Software Foundation added PureOS to its list of endorsed GNU/Linux distributions.[25][26]

BIOS[edit]

In 2015, Purism began research to port the Librem 13 to coreboot[27][28][29] but the effort was initially stalled. By the end of the year, a coreboot developer completed an initial port of the Librem 13 and submitted it for review.[30] In December 2016, hardware enablement developer Youness Alaoui joined Purism and was tasked to complete the coreboot port for the original Librem 13 and prepare a port for the second revision of the device.[31] Since summer 2017, new Librem laptops are shipped with coreboot as their standard BIOS, while some older models can be updated.[32]

Phones[edit]

Purism plans in January 2019 a phone named "Librem 5".[33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42] It will be run the free software, and phone's operating system is PureOS, but it will also run KDE's Plasma Mobile[43] and Ubuntu Touch.[44][45][46][47][48]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Price of Freedom—A Review of the Librem 15 v3, Medium
  2. ^ Librem 13 laptop review: physical security for the paranoid - The Verge
  3. ^ Purism's Librem 13 Linux Laptop Is Sleek, Private and Secure | Reviews | LinuxInsider.com
  4. ^ Purism Librem 13 v2 privacy-focused Linux laptop -- great hardware, frustrating software [Review], BetaNews
  5. ^ Purism Librem 13 review: This Linux-based laptop takes your privacy to the next level - TechRepublic
  6. ^ Purism Librem 13: A Security-Focused Powerhouse of a Linux Laptop | Linux.com | The source of Linux information
  7. ^ Kyle Rankin. "Purism Librem 15 Review". Linux Journal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  8. ^ IEEE Consumer Electronics, Vol 5, Number 1, 2016 January, "Veillance Integrity by Design A new mantra for CE devices and services", pp. 33-143, By Steve Mann
  9. ^ Purism Aims To Build A Philosophically Pure Laptop, TechCrunch, Jan 23, 2015 by John Biggs (@johnbiggs)
  10. ^ Bridgwater, Adrian (2015-01-26). "Purism Librem: 100% open source crowdsourced 'high-end' laptop". Computer Weekly. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  11. ^ Armasu, Lucian (2016-08-29). "Purism Explains Why It Avoids Intel's AMT And Networking Cards For Its Privacy-Focused 'Librem' Notebooks". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  12. ^ Ung, Gordon. "Purism discovered how to make open-source software laptops even more open". PCWorld. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  13. ^ Armasu, Lucian (2017-04-12). "Purism Laptops To Use 'Heads' Firmware To Protect Against Rootkits, Tampering". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  14. ^ Rankin, Kyle (2015-07-10). "Purism Librem 13 Review". Linux Journal. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  15. ^ Rappleyea, Danny (2016-06-15). "Purism Librem 13 Laptop Review". DigitalReplica. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  16. ^ idmk (2016-12-20), Purism Librem 15 v2 — in-depth review, benchmarking & comparisons, retrieved 2017-04-15 
  17. ^ Weaver, Todd (2016-12-15). "Growing to Ship from Inventory in 2017". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  18. ^ Baldwin, Roberto (2016-05-19). "Purism expands its line of privacy-focused devices to include a 2-in-1". Engadget. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  19. ^ "Purism Librem models comparison page". Purism. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  20. ^ Linder, Brad (2014-11-19). "Purism hopes to crowdfund a high-end, open source laptop". Liliputing. Retrieved 2017-01-26. 
  21. ^ Rahl, Jon (2015-05-17). "Production and Shipping Update". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-26. 
  22. ^ Weaver, Todd (2015-09-18). "Weekly Update on Librem Production 2015-09-18". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-26. 
  23. ^ Porup, J. M. (2015-12-14). "Qubes OS will ship pre-installed on Purism's security-focused Librem 13 laptop". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2017-01-26. 
  24. ^ Purism (2017-07-04). "A shipping update for Qubes-related orders". 
  25. ^ FSF adds PureOS to list of endorsed GNU/Linux distributions, Free Software Foundation
  26. ^ OpenNews: Фонд СПО признал PureOS полностью свободным дистрибутивом, OpenNET (in Russian)
  27. ^ Moberg, Larry (2015-07-20). "Freeing the BIOS: Memory Init". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12. 
  28. ^ Moberg, Larry (2015-08-14). "2015-08-14: Librem 13: Weekly BIOS Progress Update". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12. 
  29. ^ Moberg, Larry (2015-08-21). "2015-08-21 Librem 13: Weekly BIOS Progress Update". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12. 
  30. ^ Laurie, Duncan (2015-12-22). "Gerrit Code Review". review.coreboot.org. Retrieved 2017-01-12. 
  31. ^ Alaoui, Youness (2017-01-05). "Diving back into coreboot development". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12. 
  32. ^ "Downloading and installing coreboot on Purism Librem devices – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-04-02. 
  33. ^ Librem 5 – A Security and Privacy Focused Phone – Purism
  34. ^ Librem 5: All You Need to Know About The Upcoming Linux Phone | It's FOSS
  35. ^ Librem 5 and the Challenge of The Free Phone » Linux Magazine
  36. ^ Purism's Privacy-Focused Librem 5 Smartphone's On Track For A Jan '19 Release, Tom's Hardware
  37. ^ OpenNews: Компания Purism намерена выпустить смартфон Librem 5 на базе СПО и Linux, OpenNET (in Russian)
  38. ^ Purism Begins Librem 5 Developer Docs, Using "Phosh" Wayland Shell & GNOME Apps - Phoronix
  39. ^ Librem 5: a security and privacy focused GNU/Linux smartphone, OSNews
  40. ^ Purism Librem 5 Phone Will Use Faster i.MX8 Chipset - OMG! Ubuntu!
  41. ^ Purism and KDE are Crowdsourcing a "Truly Free" Smartphone, XDA Developers
  42. ^ You can help Purism build the secure open-source Linux-based 'Librem 5' smartphone, BetaNews
  43. ^ "Purism and KDE to Work Together on World's First Truly Free Smartphone – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-06-10. 
  44. ^ Purism's privacy-focused phone will support Ubuntu Touch, Engadget
  45. ^ Ubuntu Touch lives on in Purism's Librem 5 smartphone | ZDNet
  46. ^ Purism Partners with UBports to Offer Ubuntu Touch on the Librem 5, Red Hat Storage One Launches and More | Linux Journal
  47. ^ Open Source Smartphone Librem 5 Will Officially Support Ubuntu Touch, FossBytes
  48. ^ Purism's Librem 5 Linux Phone Will Support Ubuntu Touch, Thanks to UBports, Softpedia News