From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

American snout butterfly.jpg
Libytheana carinenta
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Libytheinae
Boisduval, 1833

Libytheinae is the nymphalid subfamily of the snout butterflies, containing two valid genera and about ten species, six in Libythea and four in Libytheana. The common name refers to the thick labial palps (pedipalps) that look like a "snout" in this subfamily. In older literature, this group was recognized as the family Libytheidae. They are medium-sized and typically a drab brown.[1] The front legs are reduced in length and the ventral hindwings are cryptically colored in order to help in blend in with its surroundings.[1] While at rest, the members of this subfamily keep their wings tightly closed in order to resemble dead leaves.[1]

Libytheinae classification[edit]

Family Nymphalidae Rafinesque, 1815

  • Subfamily Libytheinae Boisduval, 1833
    • Libythea Fabricius, 1807 (= Hecaerge Ochsenheimer, 1816; = Chilea Billberg, 1820; = invalid name Hypatus Hübner, 1822; = Libythaeus Boitard, 1828; = homonym Dichora Scudder, 1889)
    • Libytheana Michener, 1943


  1. ^ a b c Daniels, Jaret C. (2003). Butterflies of the Carolinas. Cambridge, MN: Adventure Publications, Inc. p. 12. ISBN 1-59193-007-3. 
  • Freitas, A. V. L., & Brown, K. S., Jr. (2004). Phylogeny of the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Biology 53(3):363-383.
  • Kawahara, A. Y. (2003). Rediscovery of Libythea collenettei Poulton & Riley (Nymphalidae: Libytheinae) in the Marquesas, and a description of the male. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 57:81-85.
  • Shields, O. (1984). A revised, annotated checklist of world Libytheidae. Journal for Research on the Lepidoptera 22: 264-266.

External links[edit]