Licarbazepine

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Licarbazepine
Licarbazepine.svg
Top: (R)-(−)-licarbazepine
Bottom: (S)-(+)-licarbazepine
Clinical data
ATC code
  • None
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding<40%
MetabolitesGlucuronides
ExcretionMainly renal
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
ECHA InfoCard100.122.427 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC15H14N2O2
Molar mass254.28 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
ChiralityRacemic mixture

Licarbazepine is a voltage-gated sodium channel blocker with anticonvulsant and mood-stabilizing effects that is related to oxcarbazepine.[1] It is an active metabolite of oxcarbazepine.[1][2] In addition, an isomer of licarbazepine, eslicarbazepine ((S)-(+)-licarbazepine), is an active metabolite of eslicarbazepine acetate.[1][2] Oxcarbazepine and eslicarbazepine acetate are inactive on their own, and behave instead as prodrugs to licarbazepine and eslicarbazepine, respectively, to produce their therapeutic effects.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Singh RP, Asconapé JJ (2011). "A review of eslicarbazepine acetate for the adjunctive treatment of partial-onset epilepsy". J Cent Nerv Syst Dis. 3: 179–87. doi:10.4137/JCNSD.S4888. PMC 3663619. PMID 23861647.
  2. ^ a b c Bialer M, Soares-da-Silva P (June 2012). "Pharmacokinetics and drug interactions of eslicarbazepine acetate". Epilepsia. 53 (6): 935–46. doi:10.1111/j.1528-1167.2012.03519.x. PMID 22612290.