Licensee estoppel

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Licensee estoppel is a doctrine under which a licensee of an intellectual property right, generally a patent or a trademark, is estopped from challenging the validity of the licensed property. The basis for the doctrine is the premise that a licensee should not be able to enjoy the benefit of an agreement and at the same time attack the validity of the intellectual property that forms the basis of the agreement.[1][2]

United States[edit]

In United States patent law, the doctrine has been overturned. In 1969, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Lear v. Adkins,[3] held the doctrine inconsistent with a federal policy that the invalidity of specious patents should be unmasked in order to permit full and free competition in technology ideas that belong in the public domain. The strong public interest in invalidating patents, allowing public access to non-patentworthy technology, justified permitting licensees to challenge patents.[4]

In United States trademark law, where the public policy concerns differ from the patent context, the doctrine remains valid.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Epstein, Richard A. (2010). "The Disintegration of Intellectual Property? A Classical Liberal Response to a Premature Obituary". Stanford Law Review. 62 (2): 455, 498. JSTOR 40649631. 
  2. ^ Adkins v. Lear, Inc., 67 Cal.2d 882 (Cal. 1967)("The theory underlying this doctrine is that a licensee should not be permitted to enjoy the benefit afforded by the agreement while simultaneously urging that the patent which forms the basis of the agreement is void.")
  3. ^ Lear, Inc. v. Adkins, 395 U.S. 653 (1969).
  4. ^ a b Schechter, Roger; Thomas, John (2008). Schechter and Thomas' Intellectual Property: The Law of Copyrights, Patents and Trademarks (Hornbook Series): The Law of Copyrights, Patents and Trademarks. West Academic. § 32.2.2. ISBN 9781628105186.