Lichtenstein's sandgrouse

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Lichtenstein's sandgrouse
Pterocles lichtensteinii 1921.jpg
P. l. arabicus illustrated by H. Grönvold
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Pterocliformes
Family: Pteroclidae
Genus: Pterocles
Species: P. lichtensteinii
Binomial name
Pterocles lichtensteinii
Temminck, 1825

The Lichtenstein's sandgrouse (Pterocles lichtensteinii) is a species of bird in the Pteroclididae family, which is named after Martin Lichtenstein. They are nomadic, mostly nocturnal birds, which drink before dawn and after dusk.[2]


The species is found over a wide region, from near the equator in Kenya, through the Middle East to Afghanistan. In Africa it is besides found in Algeria, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda. In Asia it is also found in Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Israel, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen.


P. l. sukensis ♂,♀
P. l. lichtensteinii ♂,♀
Journal für Ornithologie

There are five accepted races:[3]

  • P. l. targius von Schweppenburg, 1916 – Sahara and Sahel
  • P. l. lichtensteinii Temminck, 1825 – Israel to Somalia and Socotra
  • P. l. sukensis Neumann, 1909 – South Sudan to central Kenya
  • P. l. ingramsi Bates & Kinnear, 1937 – local in Yemen
  • P. l. arabicus Neumann, 1909 – Arabia to Pakistan


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Pterocles lichtensteinii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Sinclair, Ian (2010), Birds of Africa south of the Sahara, Cape Town: Struik Nature, ISBN 978-1-77007-623-5
  3. ^ de Juana, E.; Kirwan, G. M. (2016). "Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse (Pterocles lichtensteinii)". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Retrieved 29 July 2016.

External links[edit]