Licking, Missouri

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Licking, Missouri
City
Location of Licking, Missouri
Location of Licking, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°29′48″N 91°51′27″W / 37.49667°N 91.85750°W / 37.49667; -91.85750Coordinates: 37°29′48″N 91°51′27″W / 37.49667°N 91.85750°W / 37.49667; -91.85750
Country United States
State Missouri
County Texas
Area[1]
 • Total 2.14 sq mi (5.54 km2)
 • Land 2.13 sq mi (5.52 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 1,263 ft (385 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,124
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 3,116
 • Density 1,500/sq mi (560/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 65542
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-42464[4]
GNIS feature ID 0735692[5]

Licking is a city located in Texas County, Missouri, United States. The population was 3,124 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Licking is located at 37°29′48″N 91°51′27″W / 37.49667°N 91.85750°W / 37.49667; -91.85750 (37.496775, -91.857629).[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.14 square miles (5.54 km2), of which, 2.13 square miles (5.52 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

History[edit]

The community was named for a mineral lick near the original town site.[7] An early variant name was "Buffalo Lick".[8] Licking experienced growth after the South Central Correctional Center opened in June 2000, which doubled the population from the 2000 Census to the 2010 Census. Also, a small Amish community moved from Berne, Indiana to Licking starting in 2009.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 163
1900 193
1910 351 81.9%
1920 411 17.1%
1930 435 5.8%
1940 598 37.5%
1950 733 22.6%
1960 954 30.2%
1970 1,002 5.0%
1980 1,272 26.9%
1990 1,328 4.4%
2000 1,471 10.8%
2010 3,124 112.4%
Est. 2016 3,116 [3] −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,124 people, 634 households, and 397 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,466.7 inhabitants per square mile (566.3/km2). There were 742 housing units at an average density of 348.4 per square mile (134.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 73.1% White, 25.6% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 634 households of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.4% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 35 years. 12.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 16.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 36.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.2% were from 45 to 64; and 10.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 73.3% male and 26.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

The 2000 census[4] found that there were 1,471 people, 647 households, and 390 families residing in the city. The population density was 847.8 people per square mile (326.4/km²). There were 744 housing units at an average density of 428.8 per square mile (165.1/km²). The demographics of the city were 97.35% White, 1.70% Hispanic, 1.09% Native American, 0.07% Asian, and 0.34% from other races as stated by census.

There were 647 households within the city. 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, single-mother households account for 13.6%, and 39.7% were non-families. Single-person households make up 37.1%. Citizens over the age of 65 years make up 23.5% of households. The average household size was 2.19, and the average family size was 2.85.

Census found that 22.7% of the city population were children. Adult population represented: 8.8% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 26.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The average median age was 41 years. For every 1 adult female, there were 17 male adults.

At the time of the 2000 census, Texas County was one of the poorer counties in the state. The median income for a household in the city was $17,576, and the median income for a family was $25,625. Males had a median income of $24,643 versus $17,153 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,802. About 20.1% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.4% of those under age 18 and 23.4% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Miyoshi Umeki (1929–2007), the Oscar-winning Japanese-born actress, died in Licking, where she lived with her only son.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Moyer, Armond; Moyer, Winifred (1958). The origins of unusual place-names. Keystone Pub. Associates. p. 74. 
  8. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1918). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 368. 
  9. ^ "Exponential growth pushes the Amish into new places like Licking, Mo". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. October 8, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.