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Licuala grandis
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Trachycarpeae
Genus: Licuala
Wurmb, 1780
  • Pericycla Blume
  • Dammera K.Schum. & Lauterb.
Licuala ramsayi

Licuala is a genus of palms, in the tribe Trachycarpeae, commonly found in tropical forests of southern China, Southeast Asia, the Himalayas, New Guinea and the western Pacific Ocean islands.[1][2][3][4][5]

Description and uses[edit]

Licuala spp. are fan palms, with the leaves mostly circular in outline, sometimes undivided but more usually divided into wedge-shaped segments. Licuala acutifida is the source of cane for the walking stick nicknamed the Penang-lawyer by colonials, probably from the Malay phrase pinang liyar for a wild areca, although the term may also refer to the use of these canes as deadly knobkerries to assassinate litigious enemies.[6] Several species of Licuala have been transferred into a new genus Lanonia.[7]


Plants of the World Online currently (February 2021) includes 167 accepted species:[8]


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 23 Page 148, 轴榈属 zhou lü shu, Licuala Wurmb, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunst. 2: 473. 1780
  4. ^ Saw, L.G. (2012). A revision of Licuala (Arecaceae, Coryphoideae) in Borneo. Kew Bulletin 67: 577-654.
  5. ^ Heatubun, C.D., Barfod, A.S. 2008, Two new species of 'Licuala' (Arecaceae; Coryphoideae) from Western new Guinea. Blumea. 53(2): 429–434.
  6. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Licuala Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Henderson, Andrew J.; Bacon, Christine D. (2011). "Lanonia (Arecaceae: Palmae), a New Genus from Asia, with a Revision of the Species". Systematic Botany. 36 (4): 883–895. doi:10.1600/036364411x604903. JSTOR 41416905. S2CID 84318474.
  8. ^ Plants of the World Online: Licuala Wurmb (Retrieved 7 February 2021)