Lider-class destroyer

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Mock Leader class destroyer on «Army 2015» 1.JPG
A model of Project 23560 destroyer at the «ARMY-2015» military-technical forum.
Class overview
Name: Lider class

Severnaya Verf, Saint Petersburg

Designed by Severnoye Design Bureau, Krylov State Research Center
Operators:  Russian Navy
Preceded by:
Cost: RUB100 billion[1]
Built: 2023– (planned)[2]
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile destroyer/cruiser
Displacement: 19,000 tons[3]
Length: 230 m (754 ft 7 in)
Beam: 20 m (65 ft 7 in)
Draught: 6.6 m (21 ft 8 in)
Installed power: Nuclear reactor[4][5]
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h)
Range: Limited only by supplies
Endurance: 90 days[6]
  • Anti-ship and cruise missiles (64 3S14 universal cells):
  • Air defense missiles:
    • S-500 air defense system (56 cells)
    • Redut medium-range air defense system (16 cells)
    • 3 × Pantsir-M SAM/gun systems
  • Artillery:
  • Anti-submarine warfare:
    • 2 × 6 × Paket-NK dual use anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes
Aviation facilities: Helipad and hangar for up to two medium-lift helicopters

The Lider class, also referred to it as Shkval class, Russian designation Project 23560 Lider, (Russian: Лидер, lit. 'Leader'), is a combined stealth nuclear-powered guided missile destroyer[4][5] and cruiser, under consideration for the Russian Navy. Detailed design phase began in 2016–2017, with construction expected to commence after 2020.[2]


Project approval was given in 2013,[7] and in 2015, Severnoye Design Bureau was awarded with a contract for creation of smaller non-nuclear and heavier nuclear-powered variant of the future destroyer.[8] In 2016, the Krylov State Scientific Center handed the preliminary design of the destroyer to the Russian Navy. Initially, twelve ships were planned to be built and split between Russia's Northern and Pacific fleets.[9] Later, construction of eight vessels was mentioned.[10]

A May 2017 reports indicated that the Lider-class destroyer had been dropped from the Russia's State Armament Programme for 2018–2027 due to the financing reductions,[4][11] however in June 2017, United Shipbuilding Corporation announced the Russian Defense Ministry had approved the preliminary design of the Lider class destroyer.[12]

In February 2019, a decision was taken to built the 19,000 tons nuclear-powered variant of the destroyer, instead of the proposed 12-13,000 tons variant equipped with a gas-turbine powerplant.[3] Two vessels should be built by end of 2020s at a cost of RUB100 billion per a vessel.[1] It is believed the construction of lead vessel could begin as soon as in 2023.[2]


According to Advisor to the General Director of the Krylov State Research Center Valeriy Polovinki, that worked out the destroyer’s preliminary design, "The Lider will be a universal ship, triple-hatted as a destroyer, large ASW ship and guided missile cruiser while being smaller than Project 1144 ships and carrying far more weaponry," as reported in The Defence Talk. He further reported the new destroyer "is meant to replace the Sovremenny-class destroyers, the main anti-surface warships of the Russian Navy, as well as the Slava-class cruisers and the Udaloy-class anti-submarine destroyers."[6]

The new destroyer will have extensive food storage and stores, giving them an independent cruising capability of 90 days.[6] The ships will be about 200 metres (656 ft 2 in) long with a beam of 20 metres (65 ft 7 in), and a maximum speed of 32 knots (59 km/h). The vessels are estimated to displace up to 19,000.[3] In total, they should carry a combination of at least 200 missiles of different variants.[13] A flight deck and hangar will accommodate up to two Ka-27 or Ka-32 helicopters.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Russia to build 2 Lider-class nuclear-powered destroyers by end of 2020s — source". TASS. 28 February 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Строительство эсминца "Лидер" может начаться в 2023 году". 10 July 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Russian Future Destroyer "Grown Up" to 19,000 Tons". 26 February 2019. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Russian Navy Project 23560 Leader-class Nuclear-Powered Destroyers to Slip Behind Schedule". 28 April 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Северное ПКБ начнет техническое проектирование эсминца "Лидер" в 2016 году". (in Russian). 24 June 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d "Russia Creating Cutting-Edge Universal Nuclear Battleship". Sputnik. 23 July 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Russia's New Lider-Class Destroyer to Be Laid Down in 2019". Sputnik. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Russian Navy Future Leader Class Destroyers Basic Design To Be Ready in 2016 According to OSK". 4 July 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Next Gen Project 23560 Leader-class Destroyer Preliminary Design Handed Over to Russian Navy". 23 March 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  10. ^ "Атомный эсминец "Лидер": как Россия получит превосходство в Мировом океане". 29 July 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  11. ^ "Russia's Putin drafts new rearmament program". 26 May 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  12. ^ "Russian MoD Approves Project 23560 Leader-class Nuclear-Powered Destroyer Preliminary Design". 29 June 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  13. ^ "Ядерное «сердце» и 200 убойных ракет: на что будет способен эсминец-невидимка «Лидер»". Zvezda. 6 June 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2020.

External links[edit]