Model of Lider-class destroyer preliminary design on ARMY-2015
|Builders:||Severnoye Design Bureau, Krylov State Research Center|
|Length:||200 m (656 ft 2 in)|
|Beam:||20 m (65 ft 7 in)|
|Draught:||6.6 m (21 ft 8 in)|
|Propulsion:||Nuclear marine propulsion with Steam Turbines or 4 × gas turbines (NPO Saturn Turborus M90FR 20 MW M70FRU 10/15 or M80 28 MW (, Turbokon , NPC Saljut , Aviadvigatel PMZ , SNTK & KMPO , Silmash , UMPO , KTZ UTZ , else))|
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h)|
|Aviation facilities:||Stern hangar|
|Notes:||Hangar for up to 2 medium-lift helicopters|
The Lider-class destroyer or Project 23560 (Shkval-class destroyer or Project 23560E for export version) is under consideration for construction for the Russian Navy as a nuclear powered combined guided missile destroyer, large anti-submarine warship and guided missile cruiser. Detailed design phase will start in 2018 and construction after 2020.
"The Lider will be a universal ship, triple-hatted as a destroyer, large ASW ship and guided missile cruiser while being smaller than Project 1144 ships and carrying far more weaponry," according to Valeriy Polovinki, advisor to the director general of the Krylov State Research Center that worked out the destroyer’s preliminary design, as reported in The Defence Talk. "It is meant to replace the Sovremennyy-class destroyers, the main anti-surface warships of the Russian Navy, as well as the Slava-class cruisers and the Udaloy class anti-submarine destroyers."
The Lider-class ships will be nuclear powered and have extensive food storage and stores, to give them an independent cruising capability of 90 days. They will be about 200 metres (656 ft 2 in) long with a beam of 20 metres (65 ft 7 in), and a maximum speed of 32 knots (59 km/h). The vessels are estimated to displace around 17,500 tons. A flight deck and hangars will accommodate two Kamov Ka-27 or Ka-32 helicopters.
Preliminary project approval was given in 2013. Technical plans are expected to be started in 2017.
Reports vary as to whether the Lider class is intended to commence building in 2018 or more likely 2019 according to former First Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy Admiral Igor Kasatonov.
Twelve ships are planned in total for the Northern Fleet and Pacific Fleet; at the very least, a fleet needs one ship for long-range cruising, one for operating near the home shore, one for training, and one for repair.
Though in 2017 reports emerged the Lider-class destroyer had been dropped from the Russia's new State Armament Program for 2018-2017 due to the financing reductions, as of June 2018, the Severnoye Design Bureau continues in work on the project and is getting ready to start the technical design of the warship soon. According to the Russia's Navy Deputy Commander-in-Chief for Armament Viktor Bursuk, the construction of the first ship may start after 2020.
- Kalibr-NK cruise missile
- P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship cruise missile
- 3M22 Zircon hypersonic anti-ship cruise missile
- S-500 air defense system
- Redut medium-range air defense system
- Pantsir-M SAM/gun CIWS system
- A-192M Armat 130 mm naval gun
- Paket-NK dual use anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes
- "Russia to launch construction of nuclear-powered guided missile destroyer". TASS. 20 June 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
- "Russia Creating Cutting-Edge Universal Nuclear Battleship". SputnikNews.com. 23 July 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
- "Russia's New Lider-Class Destroyer to Be Laid Down in 2019". SputnikNews.com. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
- "Expert Opinion on Future Russian Navy Project 23560 Leader-class Nuclear-Powered Destroyers". navyrecognition.com. 4 December 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- Russian MoD Approves Project 23560 Leader-class Nuclear-Powered Destroyer Preliminary Design - Navyrecognition.com, 29 June 2017
- Russian Navy Project 23560 Leader-class Nuclear-Powered Destroyers to Slip Behind Schedule - Navyrecognition.com, 28 April 2017
- Russia's Putin drafts new rearmament program - Defensenews.com, 26 May 2017
- "Ядерное «сердце» и 200 убойных ракет: на что будет способен эсминец-невидимка «Лидер". tvzvezda.ru (in Russian). 6 June 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2017.