Lidgate Castle

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Lidgate Castle
Lidgate, Suffolk, England
Lidgate Church - geograph.org.uk - 189241.jpg
Lidgate Church, located against part of the castle bailey and incorporating the castle chapel
Lidgate Castle is located in Suffolk
Lidgate Castle
Lidgate Castle
Coordinates52°11′39″N 0°30′59″E / 52.1943°N 0.5165°E / 52.1943; 0.5165Coordinates: 52°11′39″N 0°30′59″E / 52.1943°N 0.5165°E / 52.1943; 0.5165
Grid referencegrid reference TL721581
TypeMotte and bailey
Site information
ConditionEarthworks remain

Lidgate Castle is a medieval motte and bailey castle in the village of Lidgate, Suffolk, England, built to an unusual quandrangular design.

Details[edit]

Plan of Lidgate Castle in 1911

Lidgate Castle was built in the village of Lidgate, Suffolk, probably around 1143, during the years of the civil war known as the Anarchy.[1] At this time King Stephen of England was engaged in a campaign against the rebel baron Geoffrey de Mandeville, and the castle may have been built as part of the campaign to contain his advances in the region.[2]

The castle was built on a natural rise, and takes the form of an unusual, quadrangular motte and bailey design.[3] The motte is square, 20 m across and is today around 2 m high, with two adjacent protective platforms alongside it; the main bailey to the south is protected by a protective ditch, 20 m wide and 5 m deep, and a 3.2 m high outer bank.[3]

The castle was probably abandoned in the 1260s, and at some point in the 13th or 14th century, St Mary's Church was built inside the bailey, against the earthworks - the church's nave was probably the original castle chapel - the south side of the castle was largely destroyed to make way for the growth of the village and agriculture.[4] Today the castle is a scheduled monument.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lidgate Castle Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine., National Monuments Record, English Heritage, accessed 3 July 2011.
  2. ^ Pettifer, p.236.
  3. ^ a b Lidgate Castle Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine., National Monuments Record, English Heritage, accessed 3 July 2011; Wall, p.600.
  4. ^ Lidgate Castle Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine., National Monuments Record, English Heritage, accessed 3 July 2011; Wall, p.600; Bailey, p.121; Pettifer, p.236.
  5. ^ Lidgate Castle, Gatehouse website, accessed 3 July 2011.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bailey, Mark. (2010) Medieval Suffolk: An Economic and Social History, 1200-1500. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press. ISBN 978-1-84383-529-5.
  • Page, William. (ed) (1911) The Victoria History of Suffolk, Vol. 1. London: University of London.
  • Pettifer, Adrian. (2002) English Castles: a Guide by Counties. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press. ISBN 978-0-85115-782-5.
  • Wall, J. C. (1911) "Ancient Earthworks," in Page (ed) (1911).