Lidzbark Warmiński

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Lidzbark Warmiński
Lidzbark Warmiński Zamek Biskupów Warmińskich 001.jpg
Coat of arms of Lidzbark Warmiński
Coat of arms
Lidzbark Warmiński is located in Poland
Lidzbark Warmiński
Lidzbark Warmiński
Coordinates: 54°7′N 20°35′E / 54.117°N 20.583°E / 54.117; 20.583
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Lidzbark
Gmina Lidzbark Warmiński (urban gmina)
Established before 1240
Town rights 1308
 • Mayor Jacek Wiśniowski
 • Total 14.34 km2 (5.54 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 16,390
 • Density 1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11-100 to 11-102
Area code(s) +48 89
Car plates NLI

Lidzbark Warmiński [ˈlʲid͡zbarɡ varˈmʲiɲskʲi] (About this sound listen) (German: Heilsberg (About this sound listen)) is a town in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland. It is the capital of Lidzbark County.

Lidzbark Warmiński was once the capital of Warmia and formerly its largest city. The city itself was a rich center of faith and culture and was known as the Pearl of Warmia. For a long period of time it was under the control of the Bishops of Warmia and it was also a major economic center, only resigning its importance to the nearby city of Braniewo.

The Warmian Bishop's Castle is considered to be a great artistic and historical value in the world and has been recognised as a historical monument by the Polish government.


The town was originally an Old Prussian settlement known as Lecbarg until being conquered in 1240 by the Teutonic Knights, who named it Heilsberg. In 1306 it became the seat for the Bishopric of Warmia (Ermland), and remained the Prince-Bishop's seat for 500 years. In 1309 the settlement received town privileges. After the Second Peace of Thorn (1466) weakened the Teutonic Order and ended its claim to the area, the town was integrated into the Polish province of Royal Prussia.

Nicolaus Copernicus lived at the castle for several years, and it is believed he wrote part of his De revolutionibus orbium coelestium there.

Castle floor plan

In the winter of 1703-04 the town was the residence of King Charles XII of Sweden during the Great Northern War.

The town was annexed with the rest of the region by the Kingdom of Prussia in the First Partition of Poland in 1772. In 1807 a battle took place near the town between the French under Murat and Soult and the Russians and Prussians under Bennigsen.

From 1933-45 it was the site of the large German government radio station Transmitter Heilsberg. The town was heavily damaged after its conquest by the Soviet Red Army during World War II in 1945. As part of territorial changes promulgated at the Potsdam Conference, the area became part of Poland and its ethnic German population was expelled to the west. The town, as Lidzbark Warmiński, was gradually resettled by Poles, many of them from the parts of eastern Poland annexed by the Soviet Union.


  • Wszechnica Warmińska, founded on 21 May 2004
  • Comprehensive Schools im. Kazimierza Jagiellończyka
  • Trade Schools im. Stanisława Staszica
  • Farner School
  • Primary School No. 1 im. Mikołaja Kopernika
  • Primary School No. 3 im. Ignacego Krasickiego
  • Primary School No. 4 im. Jana Pawła II
  • High/grammar School No. 1
  • High/grammar School No. 2
  • National Music School I Level
  • Non-Public Kindergarten No. "Kubuś"
  • Non-Public Kindergarten No. "Miś"
  • Non-Public Kindergarten No. "Puchatek"
  • Public Kindergarten No. 5
  • Public Kindergarten No. 6

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Lidzbark Warmiński is twinned with:

Famous Persons[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°07′N 20°35′E / 54.117°N 20.583°E / 54.117; 20.583