Lie Tek Swie
Lie Tek Swie (Chinese: 李德水; pinyin: Lǐ Dé-shuǐ; fl. 1929–1940) was an Indonesian film director active in the early cinema of the Dutch East Indies. He is thought to have begun his career at a film distributor's office before making his directorial debut in 1929 with Njai Dasima, the first of three literary adaptations that he directed. His other three films, two of which were made for Tan's Film, were original stories. In 1941 Lie was a founding member of the Standard Film Company, which closed in 1942.
According to Bachtiar Effendi, an actor and later film director who had worked with Lie several times, Lie had worked at a film distributor's office before joining Tan's, handling the distribution and sometimes editing of Hollywood imports. The Indonesian film historian Misbach Yusa Biran credits this as giving Lie a wider worldview and more modern sensibilities while directing. In 1929 Lie directed his first film, Njai Dasima, for Tan's Film. The two-part film, which followed a woman who was tricked into leaving her wealthy lover by a delman driver, was a critical success; it was Lie's first adaptation of a literary work, having been derived from the novel Tjerita Njai Dasima (Story of Njai Dasima), written by G. Francis in 1896.
This was followed by a sequel, Nancy Bikin Pembalesan (Nancy Takes Revenge) in 1930, which followed Dasima's adult daughter Nancy in a quest to avenge her mother's death; this work was also a success. According to Biran, around this time Lie developed an interest in ethnography and began inserting documentation of cultural habits. Later that year Lie directed Si Ronda for Tan's, an action film which told of a bandit named Ronda. Lie directed another novel adaptation, the two-part Melati van Agam (Jasmine of Agam), in 1931; the original work had been written by Parada Harahap under the pen name "Swan Pen" in 1923.
No information is available on Lie's activities between 1932 and 1941. He left Tan's in 1932, reportedly as his approach no longer matched Tan's low-class target audience and caused the works to go over-budget; the company itself was closed between 1932 and 1938. Lie resurfaced in 1941 when he joined with the Tan Brothers – the owners of Tan's Film – to establish Standard Film Company, under the management of the British-trained Touw Teng Iem.
Lie directed two of the company's three productions. These two films were Ikan Doejoeng (Mermaid) and Siti Noerbaja. Ikan Doejoeng was an original production which followed a girl who becomes a mermaid after having to choose between a man she loves and a man she is forced to marry, while Siti Noerbaja was an adaptation of Marah Rusli's 1923 novel of the same name which follows a young woman – who is killed by her greedy husband – and her ex-lover – who avenges her death. The last one, Selendang Delima (The Pomegranate Shawl; 1941), was directed by the former dramatist Henry L. Duarte before Standard closed in 1942 following the Japanese invasion.
All as director
(In two parts, second half in released 1930)
|1930||Nancy Bikin Pembalesan
(Nancy Takes Revenge)
|1931||Melati van Agam
(Jasmine of Agam; in two parts)
- Said 1982, pp. 138, 142–143.
- Biran 2009, p. 99.
- Said 1982, pp. 142–143.
- Biran 2009, p. 102.
- Biran 2009, pp. 99–100.
- Biran 2009, p. 106.
- Biran 2009, p. 111.
- Filmindonesia.or.id, Si Ronda.
- Jakarta City Government, Tan's Film.
- Biran 2009, p. 174.
- Biran 2009, pp. 235–236.
- Filmindonesia.or.id, Ikan Doejoeng.
- Filmindonesia.or.id, Siti Noerbaja.
- Biran 2009, p. 238.
- Filmindonesia.or.id, Filmografi.
- Biran, Misbach Yusa (2009). Sejarah Film 1900–1950: Bikin Film di Jawa [History of Film 1900–1950: Making Films in Java] (in Indonesian). Komunitas Bamboo working with the Jakarta Art Council. ISBN 978-979-3731-58-2.
- "Ikan Doejoeng". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfidan Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "Filmografi" [Filmography]. filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfidan Foundation. Archived from the original on 28 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Said, Salim (1982). Profil Dunia Film Indonesia [Profile of Indonesian Cinema] (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Grafiti Pers. OCLC 9507803.
- "Si Ronda". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfidan Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- "Siti Noerbaja". filmindonesia.or.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Konfidan Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "Tan's Film". Encyclopedia of Jakarta (in Indonesian). Jakarta City Government. Archived from the original on 19 July 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2012.