Liechtenstein general election, 1945

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General elections were held in Liechtenstein on 29 April 1945.[1] Following the "silent elections" of 1939, they were the first to use the new proportional representation system. The Progressive Citizens' Party won eight of the 15 seats in the Landtag,[2] but remained in coalition with the Patriotic Union.[3]

Electoral system[edit]

Previously voters had chosen members of the Landtag by writing the names of as many candidates on the ballot paper as there were seats in their constituency.[4] In the new system, parties put forward lists of candidates.[5] The lists served as the ballot papers, with voters submitting their favoured list to the ballot box.[5] Voters could also change the lists by crossing out names and adding others from other lists.[5] After the number of seats a party had won was decided, the candidates who had received the most votes after the voter amendments were elected.[5]

The threshold had been set at 18%, considered to be very high, primarily in order to prevent Nazi parties such as the German National Movement in Liechtenstein (VDBL) from gaining seats in the Landtag.[1]


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Progressive Citizens' Party 1,553 54.9 8 0
Patriotic Union 1,285 45.4 7 0
Invalid/blank votes 68
Total 2,906 100 15 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,088 94.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ a b Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1164 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1182
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1157
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1158
  5. ^ a b c d Nohlen & Stöver, p1159