Liechtenstein general election, 2013

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Liechtenstein general election, 2013
← 2009 3 February 2013 2017 →

All 25 seats of the Landtag.
13 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Adrian Hasler 01.jpg Thomas Zwiefelhofer 01.jpg
Leader Adrian Hasler Thomas Zwiefelhofer
Party FBP VU
Leader since 2013 2013
Last election 11 seats, 43.5% 13 seats, 47.6%
Seats won 10 8
Seat change Decrease 1 Decrease 5
Popular vote 77,644 65,118
Percentage 40.0% 33.5%
Swing Decrease3.5pp Decrease14.1pp

  Third party Fourth party
Leader Harry Quaderer Derya Kesci & Pepo Frick
Party DU FL
Leader since 2013 2013
Last election New 1 seat, 8.9%
Seats won 4 3
Seat change New Increase 2
Popular vote 29,739 21,604
Percentage 15.3% 11.1%
Swing Increase15.3pp Increase2.2pp

Prime Minister before election

Klaus Tschütscher

Elected Prime Minister

Adrian Hasler

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

General elections were held in Liechtenstein on 1 February and 3 February 2013,[1] using a proportional representation system.[2] Four parties contested the elections; the centre-right Patriotic Union (VU) and Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP), centre-left Free List (FL) and newly created alliance The Independents (DU).


The previous elections in 2009 were won by the Patriotic Union which managed to secure an absolute majority of the seats (13 out of 25). Despite winning a parliamentary majority, the Patriotic Union chose to form a coalition with the conservative Progressive Citizens' Party, which won 11 seats. The Free List won a single seat and became the opposition party.

Prime Minister Klaus Tschuetscher's term in office was marked by an effort to move the country away from being a tax haven. Prior to the election Tschuetscher, who is a member of the Patriotic Union (VU) party, declared he would not be seeking the premiership for a second term.[3]

Electoral system[edit]

The 25 members of the Landtag were elected by open list proportional representation from two constituencies, Oberland with 15 seats and Unterland with 10 seats. Only parties and lists with more than 8% of the votes cast in each constituency were eligible to win seats in the Landtag.[4]

The constituency of Unterland consists of the municipalities of Eschen, Gamprin, Mauren, Ruggell and Schellenberg. The other constituency, Oberland, consists of the municipalities of Balzers, Planken, Schaan, Triesen, Triesenberg and Vaduz.

Opinion polls[edit]

On 28 January 2013, the newspaper Liechtensteiner Vaterland published a poll in which they asked their readers, "Which party conducted the best election campaign?" About 10,000 people responded, and the results of the poll were as follows:[5]

Party %
Patriotic Union 44.8
Progressive Citizens' Party 40.5
Free List 7.9
The Independents 6.9


e • d Summary of the 3 February 2013 Landtag of Liechtenstein election results
Party Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Progressive Citizens' Party 77,644 40.0 –3.5 10 –1
Patriotic Union 65,118 33.5 –14.1 8 –5
The Independents 29,739 15.3 +15.3 4 +4
Free List 21,604 11.1 +2.2 3 +2
Invalid/blank votes 679
Total 15,363 100 25 0
Registered voters/turnout 19,251 79.8
Source: Office for Information and Communication of the Government
Popular vote
Parliamentary seats

This was the first election in Liechtenstein in which four different political groups have won seats in the Landtag.[6] The success of The Independents was considered by observers to be a result of protest votes against austerity measures in the country.[6][7] It was also postulated that greater diversity in the Landtag was a result of a decreased partisanship of voters.[8]

Patriotic Union members expressed their disappointment at the result.[9] The VU suffered a large defeat, losing more than a third of its seats. The Progressive Citizens' Party lost one seat.[6]


  1. ^ Landtagswahlen für 2013 festgelegt Liechtensteiner Vaterland, 21 December 2012
  2. ^ "Office for Information and Communication of the Government". Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Burmeister, Thomas (1 February 2013). "Cleaner but poorer, Liechtenstein goes to the polls". Europe online magazine. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Article 55 (1) of the Volksrechtegesetz (Law of People's Rights)
  5. ^ Beste Beurteilung für Wahlkampf der VU Liechtensteiner Vaterland, 28 January 2013
  6. ^ a b c "New Independent party rattles Liechtenstein vote". Global Post. 3 February 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "Politics in tiny Liechtenstein shaken up by surprise election success of independents". Fox News. 3 February 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "Mehrheit der Stimmzettel wurden angepasst". Vaterland. 4 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "VU: Amann-Marxer und Rick zum Wahlausgang". Volksblott. 4 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013.