Liege & Lief
|Liege & Lief|
|Studio album by Fairport Convention|
|Recorded||16, 19, 22, 29 October and 1 November 1969|
|Studio||Sound Techniques, London|
|Genre||Folk rock, electric folk|
|Label||Island ILPS 9115 (UK)
A&M SP 4257 (US)
|Fairport Convention chronology|
Liege & Lief is the fourth album by the English folk rock band Fairport Convention. It is the third and final album the group released in the UK in 1969, all of which prominently feature Sandy Denny as lead female vocalist. (Denny did not appear on the group's 1968 debut album). It is also the very first Fairport album on which all songs have either been adapted (freely) from traditional British and Celtic folk material (for example "Matty Groves", "Tam Lin"), or else are original compositions (such as "Come All Ye", "Crazy Man Michael") written and performed in a similar style. By introducing songs of this genre into the group's repertoire Denny, who had previously sung and recorded traditional folk songs as a solo artist, was instrumental in this transformation. Although Denny quit the band even before the album's release, Fairport Convention has continued to the present day to make music almost exclusively within the traditional British folk music idiom, and are still most strongly associated with it.
The album was moderately successful, peaking at number 17 on the UK Albums Chart during a 15-week run. It is often credited, though the claim is sometimes disputed, as the first major "British folk rock" album. (This term is not to be confused with American-style folk rock, which had first achieved mainstream popularity on both sides of the Atlantic with The Byrds’ early work several years prior.) The popularity of Liege & Lief did a great deal to establish the new style commercially and artistically as a distinct genre. In an audience vote at the BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards in 2006, the album was voted "Most Influential Folk Album of All Time".
Following the motorway accident that had killed Martin Lamble, the band were left without a drummer. After the release of Unhalfbricking, Dave Mattacks took over the role and, having previously been a drummer at Mecca Ballrooms, had to "learn a whole new style of drumming." Dave Swarbrick, a little older than the rest of the band, had already been in a successful duo with guitarist Martin Carthy. After his appearance on Unhalfbricking, he too joined Fairport full-time.
The band rehearsed and put together Liege & Lief over the summer of 1969 at a house in Farley Chamberlayne, near Braishfield, Winchester, launching it with a sold-out concert in London's Royal Festival Hall late in 1969.
Gone were the covers of songs by Bob Dylan and others, replaced by electrified versions of traditional English folksongs and the first of a long line of instrumental medleys of folk dance tunes driven by Dave Swarbrick's violin playing. Much of this material had been found by Ashley Hutchings in Cecil Sharp's collection, maintained by the English Folk Dance and Song Society.
The title is composed of two Middle English words: liege meaning loyal and lief meaning ready. The cover, a gatefold in grey and purple, featured cameo images of the band along with track listing and credits.
In 2007 a double album "Liege and Lief Deluxe Edition" was released; the second album consisted mainly of BBC radio live performances and two stylistically uncharacteristic outtakes, the standards "The Lady Is a Tramp" and "Fly Me to the Moon".
Reception and influence
Liege & Lief was promoted by John Peel on his Top Gear radio programme and the album spent fifteen weeks in the UK album chart, reaching number 17. In a contemporary review, John Mendelsohn of Rolling Stone recommended the album only to devotees of "quietly arty traditional folk" and felt that "Deserter" is the only "arresting" song, as "not even the originals match up to the group-composed material on previous albums." Robert Christgau of The Village Voice gave Liege & Lief a "B–" and said that, because of his "anti-folk" tastes, he was disappointed with the album's more traditional material after Unhalfbricking.
The album has come to be regarded as having a major influence in the development of British folk rock. It was voted the 'most important folk album of all time' by BBC Radio 2 listeners in 2002, and at the 2006 BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards Liege and Lief won the award for Most influential Folk Album of all time. At the event, the original line-up of Simon Nicol, Richard Thompson, Ashley Hutchings, Dave Swarbrick, Dave Mattacks, with Chris While replacing Sandy Denny, performed Matty Groves. Georgia Lucas, the daughter of Sandy Denny and Trevor Lucas, accepted the award on behalf of her late mother. This commemoration was repeated on 10 August 2007 at Cropredy, when the complete album was performed.
In a retrospective review, Allmusic's Mark Deming said of the album that "while [it] was the most purely folk-oriented Fairport Convention album to date, it also rocked hard in a thoroughly original and uncompromising way". In June 2007, Mojo magazine listed Liege & Lief at number 58 in its list of "100 Records that changed the world".
- "Come All Ye" (Sandy Denny, Ashley Hutchings) – 4:55
- "Reynardine" (Traditional; arranged by Fairport) – 4:33
- "Matty Groves" (Traditional; arranged by Fairport) – 8:08
- "Farewell, Farewell" (Richard Thompson) – 2:38
- "The Deserter" (Traditional; arranged by Fairport) – 4:10
- Medley (Traditional; arranged by Dave Swarbrick) – 4:00
- "The Lark in the Morning"
- "Rakish Paddy"
- "Foxhunters' Jig"
- "Toss the Feathers"
- "Tam Lin" (Traditional; arranged by Swarbrick) – 7:20
- "Crazy Man Michael" (Thompson, Swarbrick) – 4:35
CD reissue bonus tracks (previously unreleased)
- "Sir Patrick Spens" (trad., arr. Fairport)
- "Quiet Joys of Brotherhood" (Take 1) (trad., arr. by Denny, Thompson, Swarbrick, Dave Mattacks, words by Richard Fariña;)
Disc Two: Studio Out-takes & BBC Sessions
Released in the 2007 Deluxe Edition only:
- "Sir Patrick Spens" (Sandy Denny Vocal Version) – 3:59
- "The Quiet Joys of Brotherhood" (Take 4) – 5:59
- "The Ballad of Easy Rider" – 4:53
- "Tam Lin" – 7:46
- Medley – 4:13
- "The Lark in the Morning"
- "Rakish Paddy"
- "Foxhunter's Jig"
- "Toss the Feathers"
- "Sir Patrick Spens" – 3:44
- "Reynardine" – 4:19
- "The Quiet Joys of Brotherhood" (Take 1) – 7:50
- "The Lady Is a Tramp" – 2:11
- Medley – 2:21 (hidden track)
- "The Lady Is a Tramp"
- "In Other Words (Fly Me to the Moon)"
Tracks 4, 5, 6, 7 and 9 on Disc Two were recorded live for John Peel's BBC Top Gear show. They first aired on 27 September 1969. Track 10 is previously unissued.
- Recorded at Sound Techniques Ltd., London
- Engineered by John Wood
- Cover photography – Eric Hayes
- Sleeve concept & design – Fairport & Roberta Nicol
- Design co-ordination – Diogenic Attempts Ltd
- Sandy Denny – vocals
- Dave Swarbrick – fiddle, viola
- Richard Thompson – electric & acoustic guitars, backing vocals
- Simon Nicol – electric, 6-string & 12-string acoustic guitars, backing vocals
- Ashley Hutchings – bass guitar, backing vocals
- Dave Mattacks – drums, percussion
- Fielder, Hugh (September 19, 2016). "The 10 Essential Folk Rock Albums". Classic Rock. TeamRock. Retrieved September 25, 2016.
- "20 Best Folk Music Albums of All Time". NME. Time Inc. UK. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- "FAIRPORT CONVENTION – The Official Charts Company". Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- Harris, John (3 August 2007). "There was a manic feeling in the air". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
- "The seventh BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards (2006)". BBC Radio 2. Retrieved 30 December 2008.
- "Simon Nicol writes about Fairport Convention". Retrieved 5 May 2008.
- "Liege". Retrieved 5 May 2008.
- "Lief". Retrieved 5 May 2008.
- "Netrhythms : A to Z Album and Gig Reviews". Retrieved 5 May 2008.
- "Features: The Liege & Lief Story". Retrieved 5 May 2008.
- UK Chart Stats
- Mendelsohn, John (11 June 1970). "Fairport Convention: Liege & Lief". Rolling Stone. New York (60). Archived from the original on 12 January 2008. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- Christgau, Robert (30 July 1970). "Consumer Guide (12)". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- Deming, M. (2011). "Liege & Lief [Bonus Tracks] – Fairport Convention | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- "MOJO – (June 2007) 100 Records That Changed the World". Retrieved 5 May 2008.
- this is the music to Child Ballad 100 Willie o Winsbury with new lyrics or possibly Fause Foodrage – Child No. 89 – the melody of which was used by Andy Irvine for his (& subsequent) readings of Willie O' Winsbury. Penney, Stuart; Chris Savage (November 1996). "Strike Me Pink!". Record Collector (207): 129.
- sung by Sandy Denny, unlike the later version that appears on Full House
- alternate take from the one used on the Sandy Denny— Who Knows Where the Time Goes? box set