Lieksa

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Lieksa
Town
Lieksan kaupunki
Lieksa stad
Town center of Lieksa
Town center of Lieksa
Coat of arms of Lieksa
Location of Lieksa in Finland
Location of Lieksa in Finland
Coordinates: 63°19′N 030°01′E / 63.317°N 30.017°E / 63.317; 30.017Coordinates: 63°19′N 030°01′E / 63.317°N 30.017°E / 63.317; 30.017
Country Finland
RegionNorth Karelia
Sub-regionPielinen Karelia sub-region
Charter1973
Government
 • Town managerEsko Lehto, Tino Timonen
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total4,067.60 km2 (1,570.51 sq mi)
 • Land3,418.46 km2 (1,319.87 sq mi)
 • Water649.14 km2 (250.63 sq mi)
Area rank15th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[2]
 • Total10,666
 • Rank91st largest in Finland
 • Density3.12/km2 (8.1/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.9% (official)
 • Swedish0.1%
 • Others1%
Population by age
 • 0 to 149.9%
 • 15 to 6452%
 • 65 or older38.1%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]21%
Websitewww.lieksa.fi

Lieksa (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈlie̯ksɑ]) is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the North Karelia region. The municipality has a population of 10,666 (31 March 2021)[2] and covers an area of 4,067.60 square kilometres (1,570.51 sq mi) of which 649.14 km2 (250.63 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 3.12 inhabitants per square kilometre (8.1/sq mi). Neighbouring municipalities are Ilomantsi, Joensuu, Juuka, Kontiolahti, Kuhmo and Nurmes.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

The town of Lieksa was established in 1973 when the Market town of Lieksa and the Municipality of Pielisjärvi were consolidated.

Populated places[edit]

Populated places within Lieksa include:

Geography and climate[edit]

Lieksa has a subarctic climate (Köppen: Dfc) with more continental characteristics than most of Scandinavia, making it prone to extreme temperatures, especially in winter. In summer temperatures regularly exceed 20.0 °C (68.0 °F), and the highest temperature ever recorded was 35.6 °C (96.1 °F) in July 1934. Also, during the Heatwave of 2010, the temperature in Lieksa reached 35.4 °C (95.7 °F) degrees. In winter, the snow cover is usually around 60 cm deep. On a typical winter night, the temperature drops to around −15.0 °C (5.0 °F) and readings as low as −30.0 °C (−22.0 °F) are not unusual. The coldest temperature ever observed in Lieksa was −47.0 °C (−52.6 °F) in December 1919.[6]

Climate data for Lieksa, 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1916-present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
6.6
(43.9)
11.6
(52.9)
23.6
(74.5)
30.2
(86.4)
31.8
(89.2)
35.6
(96.1)
31.9
(89.4)
24.3
(75.7)
18.4
(65.1)
10.4
(50.7)
7.6
(45.7)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−6.3
(20.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.8
(42.4)
13.4
(56.1)
18.5
(65.3)
21.4
(70.5)
18.4
(65.1)
12.6
(54.7)
5.8
(42.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
−4.8
(23.4)
6.4
(43.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.5
(13.1)
−10.3
(13.5)
−4.9
(23.2)
1.3
(34.3)
8.2
(46.8)
13.6
(56.5)
16.5
(61.7)
13.8
(56.8)
8.8
(47.8)
3.3
(37.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
−8
(18)
2.4
(36.3)
Average low °C (°F) −14.7
(5.5)
−14.8
(5.4)
−9.6
(14.7)
−3.3
(26.1)
2.8
(37.0)
8.3
(46.9)
11.5
(52.7)
9.5
(49.1)
5.1
(41.2)
0.9
(33.6)
−5.9
(21.4)
−11.6
(11.1)
−1.8
(28.7)
Record low °C (°F) −41.8
(−43.2)
−42.4
(−44.3)
−38.8
(−37.8)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−15.0
(5.0)
−6.5
(20.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
−7.8
(18.0)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−30.5
(−22.9)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−47.0
(−52.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39
(1.5)
31
(1.2)
31
(1.2)
28
(1.1)
48
(1.9)
68
(2.7)
83
(3.3)
80
(3.1)
64
(2.5)
56
(2.2)
47
(1.9)
45
(1.8)
620
(24.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 21 18 16 12 13 14 14 16 17 18 20 22 201
Source 1: FMI[7]
Source 2: FMI (record highs and lows)[8]

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "FMI normals 1981-2010" (PDF). FMI. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  8. ^ "FMI open data". FMI. Retrieved 15 May 2019.

External links[edit]