Liem Swie King

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Liem Swie King
Personal information
Country Indonesia
Born (1956-02-28) 28 February 1956 (age 63)
Kudus, Central Java
Height1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)
Years active1974-1988
HandednessRight
Men's singles and men's doubles
Highest ranking1

Liem Swie King (Chinese: 林水鏡; pinyin: Lín Shuǐjìng, born 28 February 1956 in Kudus) is a former Indonesian badminton player who excelled from the late 1970s through the mid-1980s. He won the All England in 1978, 1979 and 1981. Along with Morten Frost (Denmark), Han Jian and Luan Jin (China), and Prakash Padukone (India), he was one of the world's leading singles players of that era. A world level player in men's doubles as well as men's singles, he was known for the ferocity of his jumping smash.[1]

Early life[edit]

Liem was born on 28 February 1956 in Kudus, Central Java.[2] His parents were Ng Thian Poo and Oei See Moi from Putian, Fujian.[3] He was the only son of eight children. During elementary school, he studied at Sekolah Tionghoa, and later moved to SD Negeri Dema'an II in 1965.[4] In 1974, he chose a name suggested by his older sister, Guntur (meaning: thunder), in order to comply with government direction for any Indonesian with Chinese name to adopt what is considered as an "Indonesian name"[5], however it did not affect how people addressed him in public or in competition. His physical trainer, Tahir Djide, said, "It is easier to pronounce King, rather than Guntur".[5]

Career[edit]

While watching a local badminton competition, Budi Hartono, the owner of a prestigious badminton club, Djarum Badminton Club, recognized Liem's talent at the age of 14. Despite the loss he took in the final match, Liem was invited to join the club[6]. With proper coaching, it did not take long for the teenage Liem to start overwhelming opponents with his fast-paced style in various local youth badminton tournaments.

In 1972 at the age of 15, Liem became the junior single champion of Central Java. In November 1972, he tasted his first international tournament, the First Djakarta Badminton Open Tournament, defeating Singapore's Ng Choi Yu in the first stage, before succumbing to Thailand's Sangob Ratananusorn. Later, he won Moenadi Cup, in men's singles and men's doubles categories, pairing with his childhood friend, Hariamanto Kartono[7].

In 1973, Liem was called to join the provincial badminton squad for National Sports Competition (Pekan Olahraga Nasional) VIII. He reached the men's singles final by defeating senior players, before finally losing to a veteran national squad member, Iie Sumirat. In the same year, he won a local tournament, Kejuaraan Dunia Bulu Tangkis Piala Garuda (Garuda Cup Badminton World Championship) in Tegal.[8]

While still in high school, in 1974, Liem won the national championship. In the same year he participated in the All England for the first time. Later on, Liem won the All-England Men's Singles Championships in 1978, 1979 and 1981 during a six-consecutive-year run to the finals (1976–1981) of what was then perhaps the world's most prestigious badminton tournament. He was the runner-up at the then triennial World Championships in both 1980 and 1983 to, consecutively, fellow Indonesians Rudy Hartono and Icuk Sugiarto. He was a member of the Thomas Cup winning Indonesian teams of 1976, 1979, and 1984, playing both singles and doubles on the latter two occasions.[9] He also played in the Thomas Cup in the years 1982 and 1986. He was a bronze medalist in the men's doubles together with Kartono at the 1985 IBF World Championships in Calgary.

He retired from badminton in 1988, and now owns a health spa in Jakarta.

"King Smash"[edit]

Liem's is well known for his iconic jumping smash, which has been recognized as the most aggressive type of offensive strokes in badminton. Although some players were claimed to originate the move, Liem was widely accepted as the man who popularized the jumping smash. Different than most pro players before him who used hopping leg action to compensate the lateral gap to reach the shuttlecock, Liem effectively used higher vertical leap in executing his smash.

As his popularity increased, badminton enthusiasts around the world began to associate that kind of hard-hitting, leaping smash with Liem, earning it the nickname King Smash. Liem's move was considered revolutionary during his era, but now it has become a standard attacking skill for badminton pros.

Liem's vertical leap explosiveness came from his low crouching stance before launching his jump, he then intercepted the shuttlecock at high altitude with a ferocious whipping strike, or sometimes a deceptive drop shot which immobilized his opponent who was expecting a slamming hit from him. By intercepting the shuttlecock at higher altitude, Liem was able to deliver a shot with steeper angle. Given his average stature, his jump-smash made a quite dramatic visual for the spectators, due to the perceived height of his leap. In an interview, Liem explained that he began to do jump-smash around 1977. He liked fast-paced style and simply wanted to hit the shuttlecock quicker. No coaches complained about it since they saw it improved Liem's game.[10]

Racket known to have been used by Liem is Carbonex 15.[2]

Personal life[edit]

King met his wife Lucia Alamsah in 1976 and they had three children, Alexander, Stephanie and Michelle. King's life and achievements were the inspiration for the 2009 Indonesian movie "King" (2009) in which he made a cameo appearance. That same year, Robert Adhi Kusumaputra published a biography on the Indonesia legend, titled "Call Me, King" (Panggil Aku, King).

Achievements[edit]

IBF World Championships[edit]

Men's Doubles

1985 IBF World Championships – Men's Doubles
Round Partner Opponent Score Result
1st Indonesia Hariamanto Kartono Scotland Iain Pringle
Scotland Alex White
w/o
2nd United States Chris Jogis
United States Kevin Hussey
15–8, 15–1 Win
QF Sweden Stefan Karlsson
Sweden Thomas Kihlström
18–16, 15–8 Win
SF South Korea Kim Moon-soo
South Korea Park Joo-bong
11–15, 15–17 Bronze Bronze

Men's Singles

1983 IBF World Championships – Men's Singles
Round Opponent Score Result
First round Mexico Roy Díaz González 15–3, 15–4 Win
Second round South Korea Park Joo Bong 7–15, 15–4, 15–12 Win
Third round Denmark Steen Fladberg 15–6, 15–12 Win
Quarterfinal China Chen Changjie 12–15, 15–5, 15–4 Win
Semifinal China Han Jian 15–9, 15–3 Win
Final Indonesia Icuk Sugiarto 8–15, 15–12, 16–17 Silver Silver
1980 IBF World Championships – Men's Singles
Round Opponent Score Result
First round - - Bye
Second round Malaysia Misbun Sidek 15–17, 15–3, 15–4 Win
Third round New Zealand Stephen Wilson 15–1, 15–2 Win
Quarterfinal Japan Masao Tsuchida 15–1, 15–2 Win
Semifinal Indonesia Lius Pongoh 15–3, 15–3 Win
Final Indonesia Rudy Hartono 9–15, 9–15 Silver Silver


Men's singles

Year Tournament Opponent Score Result
1976 All England Indonesia Rudy Hartono 7–15, 7–15 2nd, silver medalist(s) Runner-up
1977 All England Denmark Flemming Delfs 17–15, 11–15, 8–15 2nd, silver medalist(s) Runner-up
1977 Swedish Open Denmark Flemming Delfs 15–4, 15–8 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1978 All England Indonesia Rudy Hartono 15–10, 15–3 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1978 Denmark Open Sweden Thomas Kihlström 8–15, 15–9, 15–7 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1979 All England Denmark Flemming Delfs 15–7, 15–8 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1979 Badminton World Cup Indonesia Iie Sumirat 15–8, 15–8 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1980 All England India Prakash Padukone 3–15, 10–15 2nd, silver medalist(s) Runner-up
1980 English Masters Indonesia Rudy Hartono 15–11, 15–3 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1981 All England India Prakash Padukone 11–15, 15–4, 15–6 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1982 Badminton World Cup Malaysia Misbun Sidek 15–12, 3–15, 15–12 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1983 Indonesia Open Indonesia Hastomo Arbi 15–6, 15–1 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1983 Malaysia Open Indonesia Hastomo Arbi 15–11, 15–1 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1983 BWF World Championships Indonesia Icuk Sugiarto 15-8, 12-15, 17-16 2nd, silver medalist(s) Runner-up
1984 All England Denmark Morten Frost 15–9, 10–15, 10–15 2nd, silver medalist(s) Runner-up
1984 Japan Open Denmark Morten Frost 8–15, 1–15 2nd, silver medalist(s) Runner-up

Men's doubles

Year Tournament Partner Opponent Score Result
1984 Badminton World Cup Indonesia Hariamanto Kartono China Li Yongbo
China Tian Bingyi
15–8, 15–1 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1985 Indonesia Open Indonesia Hariamanto Kartono China Li Yongbo
China Tian Bingyi
15–5, 15–10 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1985 Badminton World Cup Indonesia Hariamanto Kartono China Li Yongbo
China Tian Bingyi
15–11, 11–15, 15–11 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1986 Indonesia Open Indonesia Hariamanto Kartono Malaysia Razif Sidek
Malaysia Jalani Sidek
15–3, 12–15, 15–12 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1986 Badminton World Cup Indonesia Bobby Ertanto Indonesia Hadibowo Susanto
Indonesia Rudy Heryanto
15–6, 15–5 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1987 Indonesia Open Indonesia Eddy Hartono Indonesia Bobby Ertanto
Indonesia Rudy Heryanto
15–6, 15–8 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1987 Chinese Taipei Open Indonesia Eddy Hartono Sweden Stefan Karlsson
Denmark Mark Christiansen
15–4, 15–5 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1987 Thailand Open Indonesia Eddy Hartono China Li Yongbo
China Tian Bingyi
13–15, 11–15 2nd, silver medalist(s) Runner-up
1987 Japan Open Indonesia Eddy Hartono South Korea Lee Deuk-choon
South Korea Kim Chung-soo
15–4, 15–7 1st, gold medalist(s) Champion
1988 US Open India Prakash Padukone Indonesia Christian Hadinata
Indonesia Lius Pongoh
15–7, 11–15, 13–15 2nd, silver medalist(s) Runner-up

Award[edit]

Liem was inducted into the Badminton Hall of Fame in 2002.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The King Smash on YouTube
  2. ^ Ksp 2009, p. 17
  3. ^ http://europe.chinadaily.com.cn/a/201811/27/WS5bfce6c4a310eff30328b4f9.html
  4. ^ Ksp 2009, pp. 15–16
  5. ^ a b Ksp 2009, p. 21
  6. ^ "Liem Swie King | BWF Virtual Museum". bwfmuseum.isida.pro (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-09-28.
  7. ^ Ksp 2009, p. 33
  8. ^ Ksp 2009, pp. 34–36
  9. ^ a b Setyautama & Mihardja 2008, p. 214
  10. ^ [1]

Bibliography[edit]