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Liemar (unknown – 16 May 1101, in Bremen) was archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen from 1072 to 1101, and an important figure of the early Investiture Contest.

He was a supporter of Emperor Henry IV from 1073.[1] In 1074 the papal legates Gerald of Ostia and Hubert of Palestrina put pressure on him to hold a local synod; he resisted, was suspended, and by 1075 his views against papal interference with bishops had hardened.[2] With Benno II of Osnabrück he commissioned the anti-papal polemic of Wido of Osnabrück,[3] around 1085. Liemar was one of many bishops who was irked by Gregory VII's encroachment of episcopal autonomy. In a letter to Bishop Hezilo of Hildesheim, Liemar complained that Pope Gregory VII was ordering his bishops about 'as though they were his baliffs'.[4]


  1. ^ Uta-Renate Blumenthal, The Investiture Controversy: Church and Monarchy from the Ninth to the Twelfth Century (1988), p. 111.
  2. ^ I. S. Robinson, Authority and Resistance in the Investiture Contest: The Polemical Literature of the Late Eleventh Century, pp. 126, 169.
  3. ^ Robinson, p. 152, 159.
  4. ^ I.S. Robinson, Gregory VII and episcopal authority

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Born: unknown in Bavaria? Died: 16 May 1101 in Bremen
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Adalbert, Count Palatine of Saxony
Archbishop of Bremen
Succeeded by