Lierne

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Lierne kommune
Municipality
Winter in Lierne
Winter in Lierne
Coat of arms of Lierne kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Lierne kommune
Trøndelag within
Norway
Lierne within Trøndelag
Lierne within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 64°22′34″N 13°36′35″E / 64.37611°N 13.60972°E / 64.37611; 13.60972Coordinates: 64°22′34″N 13°36′35″E / 64.37611°N 13.60972°E / 64.37611; 13.60972
Country Norway
County Trøndelag
District Namdalen
Established 1 Jan 1874
Administrative centre Sandvika
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Bente Estil (Ap)
Area
 • Total 2,961.70 km2 (1,143.52 sq mi)
 • Land 2,631.19 km2 (1,015.91 sq mi)
 • Water 330.51 km2 (127.61 sq mi)  11.2%
Area rank #14 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 1,389
 • Rank #363 in Norway
 • Density 0.5/km2 (1/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -6.5%
Demonym(s) Libygg[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
ISO 3166 code NO-5042
Official language form Neutral
Website lierne.kommune.no

Lierne is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Namdalen region, and it is the largest municipality by area in Trøndelag. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Sandvika. Other villages include Inderdal, Mebygda, and Tunnsjø senter. The municipality borders Sweden to the south and east. Most of Lierne lies on the Swedish side of the drainage divide between Norway and Sweden.[2]

The 2,962-square-kilometre (1,144 sq mi) municipality is the 14th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Lierne is the 363rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,389. The municipality's population density is 0.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (1.3/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 6.5% over the last decade.[3]

General information[edit]

Map of Lierne

The municipality of Lierne was established on 1 January 1874 when it was separated from the large municipality of Snaasen. Initially, the population of Lierne was 1,015. On 1 July 1915, it was divided into two municipalities: Nordli (population: 863) in the north and Sørli (population: 739) in the south. This division, however, was short-lived.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964 they were merged back together again under the former name Lierne. After the merger, there were 2,045 residents in the new municipality.[4]

On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Nord-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Finnahlíð, where the first element is the plural genitive case of finnr which means "Sami person" (or Finn) because the district was mostly populated by Sami people at the time. The last element is li (Old Norse hlíð) which means "mountainside". Later, the name was shortened by dropping the Finn part and using the definite plural form of the li part as Lierne.[5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 3 February 1984. The arms show three white Willow Ptarmigans (Lagopus lagopus) on a blue background. The birds are plentiful in the area and hunting them was of great importance historically for the inhabitants to survive during the winters in the area. The bird was thus chosen as a symbol for the municipality.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Lierne. It is part of the Namdal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Lierne
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Nordli Nordli Church Sandvika 1873
Tunnsjø Chapel Tunnsjø senter 1876
Sørli Sørli Church Mebygda 1873

Geography[edit]

View of the mountains along the Lierne - Sweden border

Lierne National Park is located in the municipality, and Blåfjella-Skjækerfjella National Park is partly located in Lierne. Lierne has a significant population of brown bears.

Lierne is also home to many lakes, including Gusvatnet, Havdalsvatnet, Holden, Ingelsvatnet, Kingen, Kvesjøen, Laksjøen, Lenglingen, Limingen, Murusjøen, Rengen, Sandsjøen, Stortissvatnet, Tunnsjøen, and Ulen.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Lierne, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Namdal District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Lierne is made up of 15 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Lierne Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet7
 Centre PartySenterpartiet6
 Liberal PartyVenstre2
Total number of members:15

Attractions[edit]

The cross-country race Flyktningerennet is held here every year. It is a race that follows a route from Nordli to Gäddede in Strömsund Municipality, Sweden, in remembrance of the people who fled Nazi German-occupied Norway for Sweden during the Second World War.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Lierne" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2011-09-10. 
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-01. 
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1903). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Trondhjems amt (dokpro.uio.no) (in Norwegian) (15 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 287. 
  6. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 8 November 2008. 
  7. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 

External links[edit]