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In Latvian folk culture a Lietuvēns is thought to be a soul of a killed (strangled, drowned or hanged) person which attacks both people and domestic animals.[1] Sleep paralysis is thought to be torture or strangling by a Lietuvēns. When under attack, one must move the toe of the left foot to get rid of the attacker.[1]


  1. ^ a b P. Šmits. "Latviešu tautas ticējumi". Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (in Latvian). Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science University of Latvia. Retrieved 21 February 2013.

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