George Monro (British Army officer)

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George Monro
Born 1700
Clonfin, County Longford, Kingdom of Ireland
Died 3 November 1757 (aged 56–57)
Albany, Province of New York
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1718–1757
Rank Lieutenant-Colonel

Seven Years' War

Relations George Munro, 1st of Auchinbowie (father)

Lieutenant-Colonel George Monro (sometimes spelled 'Munro') (1700 – 1757) was a Scottish-Irish soldier. He was an officer in the British Army best remembered for his resolute but ultimately unsuccessful defence of Fort William Henry in 1757 during the Seven Years' War / French and Indian War and the subsequent massacre of his garrison at the hands of France’s Indian allies. These events were made famous by James Fenimore Cooper in his novel The Last of the Mohicans (and subsequent TV/film adaptations).

Early life[edit]

Monro was born in Clonfin, County Longford, Ireland in about 1700, younger son of George Munro, 1st of Auchinbowie who was famed for his victory at the Battle of Dunkeld in 1689 in Scotland.[1] However, when John Alexander Inglis wrote his history of the Monro of Auchinbowie family in 1911, he had not at that time identified the younger George Monro as a member of the family.[1]

Monro joined Otway’s Regiment, the 35th Regiment of Foot, as a Lieutenant in 1718. He appears to have had an unremarkable military career. By 1750, he had been promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.

Seven Years War[edit]

In 1757, with hostilities renewed between Britain and France, Monro was placed in command of Fort William Henry with 1,500 troops. That summer the Siege of Fort William Henry took place where he was attacked by a French force and their Indian allies, totalling about 8,000 men, under the command of the Marquis de Montcalm. Effectively cut off from the main British force, commanded by General Daniel Webb, the small British garrison stood little chance once the siege started in earnest on 3 August. Monro was forced to open negotiations with Montcalm on 9 August.

Munro’s tenacious defence won him generous terms, with the articles of surrender referring to the garrison’s "honourable defence", and Monro was able to negotiate for his troops to be allowed safe passage to Fort Edward, about seventeen miles away. However, it was not to be. As Monro led his garrison from Fort William Henry, Montcalm’s Indian allies attacked without order from Montcalm, leaving approximately 185 dead. Monro actually survived the massacre, but died suddenly just three months later, on 3 November 1757, at Albany.[2]

In popular culture[edit]


  1. ^ a b Holden, James A. and Inglis, John Alexander. (1913). The Lineage of Colonel George Monro - Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association. Volume 13. pp. 389 - 403.
  2. ^ "1759: The Year Britain Became Master of the World", Frank Mclynn (2004)
  3. ^ McManus, John C. (January 28, 2010). U.S. Military History For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 71. ISBN 9780470643235. 
  4. ^ Nester, William R. (February 13, 2008). The Epic Battles for Ticonderoga, 1758. SUNY Press. p. 6. ISBN 9780791473221. 
  5. ^ Brereton, Pat (2005). Hollywood Utopia: Ecology in Contemporary American Cinema. Intellect Books. p. 270. ISBN 9781841501178. 
  6. ^ Rollins, Peter (January 23, 2011). Hollywood's Indian: The Portrayal of the Native American in Film. University Press of Kentucky. p. 264. ISBN 9780813131658. 
  7. ^ Waldman, Harris (January 1, 2001). Maurice Tourneur: The Life and Films. McFarland & Company. p. 104. ISBN 9780786409570. 
  8. ^ Österberg, Bertil O. (2001). Colonial America on Film and Television: A Filmography. McFarland & Company. p. 267. ISBN 9780786408627. 
  9. ^ Nollen, Scott Allen (January 1, 1991). Boris Karloff: A Critical Account of His Screen, Stage, Radio, Television, and Recording Work. McFarland & Company. p. 350. ISBN 9780899505800. 
  10. ^ Harmon, Jim; Glut, Donald F. (1973). "The Classics "You Say 'What Dost Thou Mean By That?' and Push Him Off the Cliff"". The Great Movie Serials: Their Sound and Fury. Routledge. p. 324. ISBN 978-0-7130-0097-9. 
  11. ^ Hischak, Thomas S. (June 18, 2012). American Literature on Stage and Screen: 525 Works and Their Adaptations. McFarland & Company. p. 114. ISBN 9780786492794. 
  12. ^ Motion Picture Herald. 124. Quigley Publishing Company. 1936. p. 18. 
  13. ^ Bianco e nero. 8. Editrice Il castoro. 1967. p. 114. 
  14. ^ La Saison cinématographique. 30. U.F.O.L.E.I.S. 1948. p. 62. 
  15. ^ "Uncas, el fin de una raza". ABC (in Spanish). Retrieved January 6, 2018. 
  16. ^ Österberg, Bertil O. (2001). Colonial America on Film and Television: A Filmography. McFarland & Company. p. 184. ISBN 9780786408627. 
  17. ^ S. Fernández, Jorge (March 9, 2015). "Análisis de Assassin's Creed Rogue para PC". Hobby Consolas (in Spanish). Retrieved January 7, 2018. 
  18. ^ Pugliese, Tommaso (March 9, 2015). "Tutto è lecito". Multiplayer (in Italian). Retrieved January 7, 2018. 
  19. ^ Gallagher, Jason; Saavedra, John (October 26, 2017). "Assassin's Creed Origins and the Story So Far". Den of a Geek. Retrieved January 7, 2018. 
  20. ^ Sears, Connor (October 13, 2014). "Assassin's Creed Rogue Story Trailer Confirms PC Version For Early 2015, Gives Players First Look At Returning Assassin Characters". Gamenguide. Retrieved January 7, 2018. 
  21. ^ Alisonno, Tommaso (October 17, 2014). "Preview Assassin's Creed: Rogue". Game Surf (in Italian). Retrieved January 7, 2018. 
  22. ^ Jablicko007. "George Monro". Postaby (in Czech). Retrieved January 7, 2018. 
  23. ^ "Graham Cuthbertson Net Worth". Net Worth Post. Retrieved January 7, 2018. 

External links[edit]