Lieutenant General of New France

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Lieutenant General of New France was the military post that governed early New France (including the early colonies in Acadia and Quebec) from 1598 until 1627. Before 1598, the office was briefly occupied from 1541 to 1543. The office was replaced by the title of Governor of New France in 1627. It was the first vice-regal post in what would later become Canada, and is a precursor of the present-day office of Governor General of Canada, the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, Canada's Queen and Head of State.

Most of the Lieutenant Generals never set foot on New France, except Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons and Jean-François Roberval, and served the office from France. This office was succeeded by the Governor of New France.

Office Holder Term Appointed by
Jean-François de la Rocque de Roberval 1541–1543 Francis I
vacant 1543–1598 during reigns of Francis I, Henry II, Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III
Marquis de la Roche-Mesgouez 1598–1603[1][2] Henry III
Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Monts 1603–1610 Henry IV
Charles de Bourbon, comte de Soissons 1611–1612 Louis XIII (Marie de' Medici in regency)
Henry II, Prince of Condé 1612–1616 Louis XIII (Marie de' Medici in regency)
Pons de Lauzière, Marquis de Thémines de Cardillac 1616–1620 Louis XIII (Marie de' Medici in regency)
Henry II, Prince of Condé 1620 Louis XIII
Henri II de Montmorency 1620–1625 Louis XIII
Henri de Lévis, duc de Ventadour 1625–1626 Louis XIII
Cardinal Richelieu 1626–1627 Louis XIII
Preceded by
Lieutenant General of New France
Succeeded by
Governor of New France


  1. ^ Morris, Richard Brandon (ed.) (1970 rev.) Encyclopedia of American History Harper and Row, New York, ISBN 0-06-016481-6 p. 59;
  2. ^ Harrisse, Henry (1872) Notes pour servir à l'histoire, à la bibliographie et àla cartographie de la Nouvelle-France et des pays adjacents, 1545-1700. Tross, Paris, p. 14;