Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
|Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick|
Shield of the Lieutenant Governor
|Style||Her Honour the Honourable|
|Residence||Government House, Fredericton|
|Appointer||Governor General of Canada|
|Term length||At the Governor General's pleasure|
|Formation||1 July 1867|
|First holder||Sir Charles Hastings Doyle|
The Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick (//, in French: Lieutenant-gouverneur (if male) or Lieutenante-gouverneure (if female) du Nouveau-Brunswick) is the viceregal representative in New Brunswick of the Canadian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, who operates distinctly within the province but is also shared equally with the ten other jurisdictions of Canada, as well as the other Commonwealth realms and any subdivisions thereof, and resides predominantly in her oldest realm, the United Kingdom. The Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick is appointed in the same manner as the other provincial viceroys in Canada and is similarly tasked with carrying out most of the monarch's constitutional and ceremonial duties. The present, and 31st, Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick is Jocelyne Roy-Vienneau, who has served in the role since 23 October, 2014.
Role and presence
The Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick is vested with a number of governmental duties and is also expected to undertake various ceremonial roles. For instance, the lieutenant governor acts as patron, honorary president, or an honorary member of certain New Brunswick institutions, such as the Canadian Red Cross (New Brunswick Region), the New Brunswick Lung Association, and the Royal Canadian Legion (New Brunswick Command). Also, The viceroy, him or herself a member and Chancellor of the order, will induct deserving individuals into the Order of New Brunswick and, upon installation, automatically becomes a Knight or Dame of Justice and the Vice-Prior in New Brunswick of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem. The viceroy further presents the Lieutenant-Governor's Prize for the Conservation of Wild Atlantic Salmon, and numerous other provincial honours and decorations, as well as various awards that are named for and presented by the lieutenant governor; these are generally created in partnership with another government or charitable organization and linked specifically to their cause. These honours are presented at official ceremonies, which count amongst hundreds of other engagements the lieutenant governor partakes in each year, either as host or guest of honour; the Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick undertook an average of 500 engagements in both 2006 and 2007.
At these events, the lieutenant governor's presence is marked by the lieutenant governor's standard, consisting of a blue field bearing the escutcheon of the Arms of Her Majesty in Right of New Brunswick surmounted by a crown and surrounded by ten gold maple leaves, symbolizing the ten provinces of Canada. Within New Brunswick, the lieutenant governor also follows only the sovereign in the province's order of precedence, preceding even other members of the Canadian Royal Family and the Queen's federal representative.
The office of Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick came into being in 1786, when the colony of New Brunswick was split out of Nova Scotia and, at the same time, the government of William Pitt adopted the idea that the new jurisdiction, along with Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Quebec, should have as their respective governors a single individual. The post Governor of New Brunswick thus came to be occupied by the overreaching authority of the governor-in-chief, who was represented in the colony by a lieutenant. The modern incarnation of the office, however, was established in 1873, upon New Brunswick's entry into Confederation. Since that date, 30 lieutenant governors have served the province, amongst whom were notable firsts, such as Margaret McCain – the first female lieutenant governor of the province – Hédard Robichaud – the first lieutenant governor of Acadian ancestry – and Graydon Nicholas – the first First Nations Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick. The shortest mandate by a Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick was John Boyd, from 21 September 1893 to 4 December 1893, while the longest was David Laurence MacLaren, from 1 November 1945 to 5 June 1958.
- Victoria (29 March 1867). "Constitution Act, 1867". V.58. Westminster: Queen's Printer. Retrieved 15 January 2009.
- Office of the Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick. "Herménégilde Chiasson, Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick". Queen's Printer for New Brunswick. Retrieved 9 July 2009.
- Department of Intergovernmental Affairs. "Order of New Brunswick > Frequently Asked Questions". Queen's Printer for New Brunswick. Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved 21 June 2009.
- "Canada Wide > About Us > The Order of St. John > The Order of St. John in Canada". St. John Ambulance Canada. Retrieved 2 June 2009.
- Berezovsky, Eugene (2009). Staff of Canadian Monarchist News, ed. $1.52 per Canadian: The Cost of Canada's Constitutional Monarchy (PDF) (4 ed.). Toronto: Monarchist League of Canada. p. 3. Retrieved 15 May 2009.
- Victoria 1867, V.63