Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales
The office was first created in October 1786, before the arrival of the First Fleet, to act as a deputy to the first governor, Arthur Phillip. At that time the office was filled by military officers.
From 1872 onwards this office was permanently filled by the Chief Justice of New South Wales but the position may be retained by the Chief Justice after his/her retirement from the Supreme Court of New South Wales .
Originally, the lieutenant-governor had a legislative role with a seat on the first Legislative Council of New South Wales in 1824; this was later phased out due to the lessening of the powers of the state governor. The role of the governors are enshrined in part 2A of the New South Wales Constitution Act (1902).
The current role of the lieutenant-governor is to take up the duties of the governor if the governor dies, resigns, or is absent. This occurred most recently in September 2008, when, in the absence of Governor Marie Bashir, the lieutenant-governor, James Spigelman, administered the swearing in of the new cabinet of the Nathan Rees government.
If the lieutenant-governor becomes incapacitated while serving in the office of governor, the next most senior judge of the Supreme Court is sworn in as the administrator. This occurred in May 1973 when Sir Leslie Herron died suddenly while the governor, Sir Roden Cutler was overseas. Sir John Kerr became the administrator until Cutler was able to return.
The lieutenant-governors/administrators have no standing powers but stand ready to act in the governor's position. Three generations of the Street family have served New South Wales as lieutenant-governor.
Lieutenant-governors and administrators of NSW
|1||Major Robert Ross||24 October 1786||8 July 1792|
|2||Major Francis Grose||11 December 1792||12 December 1794 |
|3||Lieutenant-Colonel William Paterson||13 December 1794||1 September 1795 |
|Office vacant||20 September 1795||September 1800|
|4||Colonel William Paterson||September 1800||26 January 1808|
|5||George Johnston||26 January 1808||25 April 1808|
|6||Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph Foveaux||25 April 1808||9 January 1809|
|7||The Hon. Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Maurice O'Connell||10 January 1810||12 February 1814|
|8||Colonel George Molle||13 February 1814||12 September 1817|
|9||Colonel James Erskine CB||12 September 1817||25 February 1823|
|10||Colonel William Stewart||26 February 1823||23 March 1827|
|Post abolished||24 March 1827||4 December 1837|
|11||Lieutenant-Colonel Kenneth Snodgrass||5 December 1837||23 February 1838|
|Unknown||24 February 1838||12 July 1846|
|The Hon. Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Maurice O'Connell||12 July 1846||2 August 1846|
|Unknown||2 August 1846||21 February 1872|
|The Rt Hon. Sir Alfred Stephen GCMG CB||22 February 1872||15 January 1891|
|The Rt Hon. Sir Frederick Darley GCMG||16 January 1891||4 January 1910|
|The Hon. Sir William Cullen KCMG KC||28 January 1910||27 January 1930|
|The Hon. Sir Philip Street KCMG||28 January 1930||11 September 1938|
|The Hon. Sir Frederick Jordan KCMG QC||12 September 1938||4 November 1949|
|The Hon. Sir Kenneth Street KCMG QC||6 January 1950||19 February 1972|
|The Hon. Sir Leslie Herron KBE CMG QC||22 May 1972||3 May 1973|
|The Rt. Hon. Sir John Kerr AK, GCMG, GCVO, QC||16 May 1973||27 May 1974|
|The Hon. Sir Laurence Street KCMG AC QC||28 June 1974||1 November 1988|
|The Hon. Murray Gleeson AC QC||2 November 1988||31 March 1998|
|The Hon. James Spigelman AC QC||1 April 1998||31 May 2011|
|The Hon. Tom Bathurst AC||1 June 2011||Present|
- NSW Governor and Parliament Directory with Lieutenant Governor
- "Nathan Rees looking to topple Morris Iemma this morning". livenews.com.au. 5 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- Personal Details Sir John Kerr, State Records of NSW. Retrieved 4 January 2010
- "Governors.". Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser. Vic.: National Library of Australia. 6 January 1868. p. 4 Edition: EVENINGS. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- "Our Former Governors.". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 16 March 1895. p. 9. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- David S. Macmillan, 'Paterson, William (1755–1810)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 2, Melbourne University Press, 1967, pp 317-319. . Retrieved 27 July 2009
- Colonial Secretary Index, 1788-1825, State Records of NSW. Johnston assumed the role on the arrest of William Bligh. Retrieved 27 July 2009