A lieutenant governor, lieutenant-governor, or vice governor is a high officer of state, whose precise role and rank vary by jurisdiction.
- Often a lieutenant governor is the deputy or lieutenant to or ranking under a governor — a "second-in-command".
- In Canadian provinces or in the Dutch Caribbean, the lieutenant governor is the representative of the monarch in that jurisdiction.
In many Commonwealth of Nations states, a lieutenant governor is the representative of the monarch and acts as the nominal chief executive officer of the realm, although by convention the lieutenant governor delegates actual executive power to the premier of a province. The Dutch political system also includes and has included lieutenant governors, who act as executors of overseas possessions. In India, lieutenant governors are in charge of special administrative divisions in that country.
In the United States, lieutenant governors are usually second-in-command to a state governor, and the actual power held by the lieutenant governor varies greatly from state to state. The lieutenant governor is often first in line of succession to the governorship, and acts as governor when the governor leaves the state or is unable to serve. Also, the Lt. Governor presides over debate in that chamber and oversees the movement of legislation through the chamber. While he cannot vote or sponsor legislation, he works with advocates in the Senate to introduce the legislation for him.
Lieutenant governors in the former British Empire
- Australia – Lieutenant governor (Australia)
- Canada – Lieutenant Governor (Canada)
- Lieutenant Governor of Alberta
- Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia
- Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba
- Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
- Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador
- Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
- Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
- Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island
- Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
- Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan
- British Crown dependencies and other possessions
- India – Governors and Lieutenant-Governors of states of India
- New Zealand – The only person to have held the rank of Lieutenant Governor of New Zealand was Royal Navy Captain William Hobson from 1839–1841 when New Zealand colony was a dependency of the colony of New South Wales, governed at that time by Sir George Gipps. When New Zealand was designated a Crown colony in 1841, Hobson was raised to the rank of governor, which he held until his death the following year. Subsequently in 1848 New Zealand was divided into three provinces: New Ulster, New Munster, and New Leinster, each with their own Lieutenant Governors.
- U.S. states – Lieutenant governor (United States)
Lieutenant governors in the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Lieutenant governors (Dutch: gezaghebber) of the former Dutch constituent country of Netherlands Antilles acted as head of the governing council of the island territories, which formed a level of decentral government until the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010. Currently the Netherlands has a lieutenant governor overseeing each of the three special municipalities in the Caribbean Netherlands — Saba, Bonaire, and Sint Eustatius — where their function is similar to a mayor in the European Netherlands.
- Acting governor
- Administrator of the Government
- Deputy Governor
- Lieutenant Governor's Court
- Vice president
- "Mevrouw Evelina Anthony benoemd tot waarnemend gezaghebber Bonaire" [Ms Evelina Anthony appointed acting Lieutenant of Bonaire]. Rijksdienst Caribisch Nederland. Kralendijk, Bonaire, Caribbean Netherlands: Government Service of the Caribbean Netherlands. 30 November 2015. Archived from the original on 6 February 2017.
- "lieutenant governor". dictionary.cambridge.org. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- "Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles (1781–1826) – The History of Java; volume 1". www.royalcollection.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
- "Sir Stamford Raffles | British colonial agent". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-11-15.