Ankh wedja seneb

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S34
 
U28
 
S29
ankh wedja seneb
ꜥnḫ wḏꜢ snb
in hieroglyphs

Ankh wedja seneb (𓋹𓍑𓋴, ꜥnḫ wḏꜢ snb) is an ancient Egyptian phrase which often appears after the names of pharaohs, in references to their household, or at the ends of letters. The formula consists of three hieroglyphs without clarification of pronunciation, making its exact grammatical form difficult to reconstruct. It may be expressed as "life, prosperity, and health" but Gardiner proposed that they represented verbs in the stative form:[citation needed] "Be alive, strong, and healthy".

Components[edit]

Ancient Egyptian did not record vowel values, making the exact pronunciation of most words unknowable. The conventional Egyptological pronunciations of the words ꜥnḫ, wḏꜢ, and snb are ankh, wedja (19th-century utcha), and seneb respectively.

  • Ankh means "life" and "to have life", "to live",[1] particularly with regard to the longevity and resurrection of the Egyptian gods and pharaohs
  • Wedja means "to be whole" or "intact",[2] with connotations of "prosperity" and "well-being"[3]
  • Seneb means "to be sound", "to be well", "to be healthy"[4]

Rosetta Stone[edit]

On the Rosetta Stone (196 BC), the gods are said to reward the Ptolemaic pharaoh Ptolemy V:[5]

"...The gods and goddesses have given him victory, and power, and life, and strength, and health [A.U.S.], and every beautiful thing of every kind whatsoever..."[6]
R9 R9 R9
 
X7 W24
Z9
D40
N35
M3
Aa1 X1
 
S34 U28 S29
 
F18
D21
Aa1 X1
V30
nfr D21
F40
O34
N35
Z2
ΔΕΔΩΚΑΣΙΝ ΑΥΤΩΙ ΟΙ ΘΕΟΙ ΥΓΙΕΙΑΝ ΝΙΚΗΝ ΚΡΑΤΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΑ ΑΛΛ ΑΓΑΘ[Α…]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Erman & al. (1926–1953), Vol. I, 193.8–198.10, 198.11–200.8.
  2. ^ Erman & al. (1926–1953), Vol. I, 399.14–401.2.
  3. ^ Erman & al. (1926–1953), Vol. I, 401.3–8.
  4. ^ Erman & al. (1926–1953), Vol. IV, 158.2–159.5.
  5. ^ Line 35.
  6. ^ Budge (1929), l. 2905.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Erman, Johann Peter Adolf; et al., eds. (1926–1953), Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache im Auftrage der deutschen Akademien, Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichsschen Buchhandlungen , reprinted at Berlin by Akademie-Verlag GmbH in 1971. (German)
  • Budge, E.A. Wallis (1929), The Rosetta Stone .