Life After Death
|Life After Death|
|Studio album by|
|Released||March 25, 1997|
|Recorded||September 1995 – January 1997|
|The Notorious B.I.G. chronology|
|Singles from Life After Death|
Life After Death is the second and final studio album by American rapper The Notorious B.I.G., released on March 25, 1997, on Bad Boy Records and Arista Records. A double album, it was released sixteen days after his death. It features collaborations with guest artists such as 112, Jay-Z, Lil' Kim, Mase, Bone Thugs-n-Harmony, Too $hort, Angela Winbush, D.M.C. of Run-D.M.C., R. Kelly, The Lox, and Puff Daddy. Life After Death exhibits The Notorious B.I.G. further delving into the mafioso rap subgenre. The album is a sequel to his first album, Ready to Die, and picks up where the last song, "Suicidal Thoughts", ends.
The album was nominated for Best Rap Album, Best Rap Solo Performance for its first single "Hypnotize", and Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group for its second single "Mo Money Mo Problems" at the 40th Annual Grammy Awards. In 2020, the album was ranked at No. 179 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.
Two and a half years before the album's release, the Notorious B.I.G., who had married Faith Evans, became East Coast's icon in the East Coast–West Coast rivalry and made guest appearances on albums by Jay-Z and Luther Campbell amongst others. The album was supposed to be released on Halloween in 1996, but Biggie was involved in a car accident in September 1996 which delayed the finalizing of the album. It was pushed back to 1997.
As he explained on BET's Rap City, Biggie aimed to reach a wider audience with Life After Death, collaborating with a wider variety of artists than his debut. In addition to Bad Boy Records labelmates Mase, The LOX, 112, and label owner Puff Daddy, guests include Jay-Z, Angela Winbush, Too Short, Lil Kim, & Bone Thugs N Harmony. A record with Bay Area rapper E-40 was not included on the final track listing. Production for the album was handled by DJ Premier, Easy Mo Bee, The RZA, as well as Bad Boy in-house producer Stevie J & the Hitmen.
Biggie traveled to the West Coast in February 1997 to promote the album, and shoot the video for the lead single, "Hypnotize." Two weeks before its release, on March 9, the Notorious B.I.G. was shot four times in a drive-by shooting and was later pronounced dead at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.
Feud references and subliminal disses
Conflict with other rappers is a major theme throughout the album. Numerous songs contain references to B.I.G.'s rivals, some subtle and some obvious.
"Kick in the Door"
The track "Kick in the Door" is directed at Nas, Jeru the Damaja, Raekwon, Ghostface Killah and even the track's producer DJ Premier. The subtle messages have been speculated on by listeners and confirmed by artists on several occasions, including XXL magazine's April 2003 edition, "The Making of: Life After Death".
In "The Making of: Life After Death", Nashiem Myrick reveals that the second verse has lines directed at Jeru the Damaja and DJ Premier: "Nas said that record was for him, but when Big said, 'Son, I'm surprised you run with them/I think they got cum in them, 'cause they nothin' but dicks,' he was talking about Jeru the Damaja to Premo 'cause Jeru was going at Big and Puff and all them [with the Premier-produced 'One Day' in Jeru's album Wrath of the Math]."
The line "Fuck that, why try, throw bleach in your eye" is a reference to Raekwon's jab on the track "Ice Water" from Only Built 4 Cuban Linx... where Raekwon raps.
That's life, to top it all off, beef with White
pullin bleach out tryin to throw it in my eyesight
The lines on the final verse are directed at Nas as a reference to Nas challenging The Notorious B.I.G. for the title of "King of New York" in the song "The Message" from the album It Was Written in which Nas raps:
Yo let me let y'all niggaz know one thing
There's one life, one love, so there can only be one King
Biggie struck back with the lines:
Ain't no other kings in this rap thing
They siblings, nothing but my chil'ren
One shot, they disappearin'
It's ill when MC's used to be on cruddy shit
Took home Ready to Die, listened, studied shit
Now they on some money shit, successful out the blue
In "The Making of: Life After Death" article Lil' Cease explains, "Big talked about Nas a little bit in that shit. It was the King of New York part, the last verse: "This goes out for those that chose to use disrespectful views on the King of NY." That's when Nas had that freestyle out, where he was like, "I'll take the crown off the so-called King and lock it down." That's when Big had the cover of The Source, and it said, "The King of New York.""
"Long Kiss Goodnight"
It was speculated by many listeners that the song "Long Kiss Goodnight" contains cryptic insults towards 2Pac and Death Row Records CEO Suge Knight, although at the time it was never confirmed due to the sensitive nature of both rappers' recent deaths.
However, Lil' Cease, Biggie's cousin and a member of Junior M.A.F.I.A. claimed the following in XXL magazine's April 2003 issue about "Long Kiss Goodnight": "That was about 'Pac. He had some shit at the beginning of that though, nobody heard it, on the reel. We had to change it. It was a little too much. I can't remember what Big said about him, but it was terrible. It couldn't make it. He didn't want to do it. He had some fire. But he didn't want to make it too much. He just wanted to address it and to let nigga know, "I know what's going on, and I could get wreck if I want to." Like, "If I really wanted to get on ya niggas, I could.""
Sean Combs, however, denies these claims stating, "Naw, it was just some emcee lyrics. I know people wanna have their imagination, but it was just lyrics. You're hearing it from the horse's mouth. I would tell the truth."
In the first verse, the lyric "Laugh Now, Cry Later" is allegedly a reference to two tattoos on 2Pac's back. A line in the first verse is supposedly aimed at Shakur:
When my men bust you just move with such stamina
Slugs missed ya, I Ain't Mad at Cha (We Ain't Mad at Cha)
The last two verses in particular seem to be directed towards Tupac:
I'm flaming gats, aimin' at these fuckin' maniacs
Put my name in raps, what part the game is that?
Like they hustle backwards
I smoke Backwoods and Dutchies, ya can't touch me
Try to rush me, slugs go touchy-touchy
You're bleeding lovely with your spirit above me or beneath me
Your whole life you live sneaky
Now you rest eternally, sleepy, you burn when you creep me
Rest where the worms and the weak be
Slugs hit your chest, tap your spine, flat line
Heard through the grapevine, you got fucked fo' times
Damn that three to nine, fucked you up for real though
Slugs still slow, as for remorse, we feel no
The lines seem to be making reference to Tupac frequently mentioning Biggie by name in his raps, and allegations spread by Wendy Williams that he had been raped during his prison term at Rikers Island. Although some fans have interpreted these lines as references to Shakur's murder, XXL Magazine wrote that the song was most likely recorded before 2Pac's death.
In "Going Back to Cali" the second verse opens up with Biggie's thoughts on the inter-coastal war and his relationship with the West Coast:
If I got to choose a coast I got to choose the East
I live out there, so don't go there
But that don't mean a nigga can't rest in the West
See some nice breasts in the West
Smoke some nice sess in the West, y'all niggas is a mess
Thinkin' I'm gon' stop, givin' L.A. props
All I got is beef with those that violate me
I shall annihilate thee
In the song "Notorious Thugs", B.I.G. clearly refers to longtime nemesis 2Pac in the line "so called beef with you-know-who", calling the feud between him and Shakur 'bullshit', while Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (who featured 2Pac on one of their songs the same year) throw jabs at Three 6 Mafia, Twista, Crucial Conflict and Do or Die.
The tracks "What's Beef" and "My Downfall", both of which deal with the subject of feuding, as well as "Last Day" and "You're Nobody (Till Somebody Kills You)" are also said to contain apparent jabs aimed at his rivals (including Shakur), even though Biggie stated in a Spin magazine interview that the song "You're Nobody (Till Somebody Kills You)" was not directed at Shakur, who at the time had recently been shot.
|Christgau's Consumer Guide||A|
|Los Angeles Times|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Life After Death received widespread acclaim from critics upon release. Jon Pareles of The New York Times described the album as "flaunting affluence with a leisurely swagger, midtempo grooves and calmly arrogant raps". Anthony DeCurtis of Rolling Stone magazine called it a "conscious continuation of Ready to Die", and stated "Life After Death captures crime's undeniable glamour but doesn't stint on the fear, desperation and irretrievable loss that the streets inevitably exact". Cheo Hodari Coker from the Los Angeles Times wrote that "Life After Death reflects both the dark and the heartfelt sides of the rapper's Gemini personality. It's not only a complex testament to who he was in his private life, but also a demonstration of his amazing rhyming ability. In key moments, B.I.G. does a marvelous job of surfing between accessible music fare tailored for the radio, and more challenging material that will be savored by hard-core rap fans who have long admired B.I.G.'s microphone skills. Rarely has a rapper attempted to please so many different audiences and done it so brilliantly". In a five-mic review for The Source, Michael A. Gonzales felt that it would "undoubtedly become a classic to any true hip-hop fan". Although David Browne of Entertainment Weekly was unfavorable of the album's long length, and some of its violent and materialistic content, he commended Notorious B.I.G.'s "bicoastal respect" by working with other hip-hop styles and artists from other regions of the United States.
Since its release, Life After Death has received retrospective acclaim from critics. Rob Sheffield, writing in The Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004), called it "a filler-free two-disc rush of musical bravado" and commented that the Notorious B.I.G.'s voice and lyrics were "deeper" than before. AllMusic's Jason Birchmeier wrote, "It may have taken the Notorious B.I.G. a few years to follow up his milestone debut, Ready to Die, with another album, but when he did return with Life After Death, he did so in a huge way. The ambitious album, intended as somewhat of a sequel to Ready to Die, picked up where its predecessor left off." Birchmeier further said, "Over the course of only two albums, he achieved every success imaginable, perhaps none greater than this unabashedly over-reaching success." Evan McGarvey of Stylus magazine wrote in his review, "Life After Death is a grand exercise in personal mythology, narrative sweep, and truly diverse, universal pop excellence. As a double album it is the very definition of cinematic; it essentially perfected the concept and standard in hip-hop ... Sequenced as an unpacking of sorts, the album's progression from song to song is an essay itself." In 2013, VIBE named Life After Death the greatest Hip-Hop/R&B album since 1993.
- The information regarding accolades is adapted from Acclaimed Music except for lists that are sourced otherwise.
- (*) signifies unordered lists
|About.com||United States||100 Greatest Hip Hop Albums||2008||40|
|Best Rap Albums of 1997||1|
|Addicted to Noise||Albums of the Year||1997||7|
|Blender||The 100 Greatest American Albums of All time||2002||25|
|Ego Trip||Hip Hop's 25 Greatest Albums by Year 1980–98||1999||1|
|The Face||United Kingdom||Albums of the Year||1997||20|
|Fnac||France||The 1000 Best Albums of All Time||2008||858|
|Hip Hop Connection||United Kingdom||The 100 Greatest Rap Albums 1995–2005||2005||14|
|Tom Moon||United States||1000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die||2008||*|
|The New Nation||United Kingdom||Top 100 Albums by Black Artists||2005||60|
|OOR Moordlijst||Netherlands||Albums of the Year||1997||87|
|Rolling Stone||United States||The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time||2003||483|
|100 Best Albums of the Nineties||2011||66|
|The Essential Recordings of the 90s||1999||*|
|The Source||The 100 Best Rap Albums of All Time||2005||8|
|The Critics Top 100 Black Music Albums of All Time||60|
|Spex||Germany||Albums of the Year||1997||19|
|Spin||United States||Albums of the Year||7|
|(various writers)[where?]||50 Years of Great Recordings||2005||*|
|Vibe||51 Albums representing a Generation, a Sound and a Movement||2004|
|150 Albums That Define the Vibe Era (1992–2007)||2007|
|Village Voice||Albums of the Year||1997||12|
Life After Death was released to a significant amount of critical praise and commercial success. The album sold 690,000 copies in its first week. In 2000, the album was certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), denoting shipment of 5 million copies (the threshold for double albums) and it has been credited as one of the best-selling rap albums of all time. It also made the largest jump to number one on the Billboard 200 chart in history, jumping from number 176 to number one in one week. Also, it spent four weeks at number one on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart and topped the Billboard Year-End chart as a Billboard 200 for 1997.
Legacy and influence
Although released in the wake of B.I.G.'s fatal shooting, Life After Death signaled a stylistic change in gangsta rap as it crossed over to the commercial mainstream. After the release of Life After Death, Puff Daddy's Bad Boy Records continued to bring pop and gangsta rap closer together: the references to violence and drug dealing remained, as did the entire "gangsta" rhetoric, but the overall production style changed from the previously darker sound to a cleaner, sample-heavy, more upbeat sound that was directly fashioned for the mainstream pop charts, as seen in the single "Mo Money Mo Problems". The Notorious B.I.G. is often credited with initiating this transition, as he was among the first mainstream rappers to produce albums with a calculated attempt to include both gritty and realistic gangsta narratives as well as more radio-friendly productions. The majority of the album was produced by Steven "Stevie J" Jordan, Deric "D-Dot" Angelettie, Carlos "July Six" Broady, Ron Lawrence, and Nashiem Myrick. However, other notable hip-hop producers such as Easy Mo Bee, Havoc from Mobb Deep, DJ Premier and RZA from Wu-Tang Clan contributed beats to the album as well.
Various artists were specifically influenced by songs on Life After Death. Evidence's "Down in New York City" is essentially "Going Back to Cali" from the perspective of a West Coast hip hop artist. Jay-Z borrows four bars from "The World Is Filled..." in his song "I Just Wanna Love U (Give It 2 Me)", as well as the chorus from his song "Squeeze 1st" from "Hypnotize", a line in "The Ruler's Back" from "Kick in the Door" and "You're Nobody ('Til Somebody Kills You)" on "D.O.A. (Death of Auto-Tune)". Ice Cube borrows the chorus from "Kick in the Door" for his song "Child Support". As with B.I.G.'s "I Love The Dough" Monica's 2010 song "Everything to Me" samples "I Love You More" by René & Angela. The official remix includes a verse from B.I.G. that originally appeared on "I Love The Dough". SWV sampled "Ten Crack Commandments" on the opening track "Someone" featuring B.I.G.'s former protege and friend Puff Daddy. The French rapper Rohff named his album "La Vie Avant La Mort" (Life Before Death) (2001) as a tribute to B.I.G, Joey Badass interpolated the lines 'Kick in the Door' on "Super Predator" from All-Amerikkkan Badass (2017). The album has sold 350,000 copies.
Credits adapted from Life After Death liner notes.
|1.||"Life After Death Intro"||1:39|
|2.||"Somebody's Gotta Die"||4:26|
|3.||"Hypnotize" (featuring Pamela Long)||3:50|
|4.||"Kick in the Door"||DJ Premier||4:47|
|5.||"Fuck You Tonight" (featuring R. Kelly)||5:45|
|6.||"Last Day" (featuring The LOX)||4:19|
|7.||"I Love the Dough" (featuring Jay-Z and Angela Winbush)||Easy Mo Bee||5:11|
|10.||"Mo Money Mo Problems" (featuring Mase, Puff Daddy and Kelly Price)||4:17|
|12.||"I Got a Story to Tell"||4:42|
|13.||"Interview/Biggie Speaks (Hidden Track)"||11:28|
|1.||"Notorious Thugs" (featuring Bone Thugs-n-Harmony)||6:07|
|2.||"Miss U" (featuring 112)||KayGee||4:58|
|3.||"Another" (featuring Lil' Kim)||4:15|
|4.||"Going Back to Cali"||Easy Mo Bee||5:07|
|5.||"Ten Crack Commandments"||DJ Premier||3:24|
|8.||"Sky's the Limit" (featuring 112)||5:29|
|9.||"The World Is Filled..." (featuring Too Short, Puff Daddy and Carl Thomas)|
|10.||"My Downfall" (featuring D.M.C.)|
|11.||"Long Kiss Goodnight"||RZA||5:18|
|12.||"You're Nobody (Til Somebody Kills You)"|
|3.||"I Love the Dough" (featuring Jay-Z and Angela Winbush)||5:40|
|6.||"Mo Money Mo Problems" (featuring Puff Daddy & Ma$e)||4:17|
|8.||"Another" (featuring Lil' Kim)||4:22|
|11.||"Sky's the Limit" (featuring 112)||4:37|
|12.||"Going Back to Cali"||3:55|
|13.||"You're Nobody (Til Somebody Kills You)"||4:52|
|14.||"Lovin' You Tonight" (featuring R. Kelly)||5:42|
Disc one notes
- ^[a] – co-producer
- "Life After Death Intro" contains sample of "Suicidal Thoughts" by The Notorious B.I.G., and "This Masquerade" by George Benson.
- "Somebody's Gotta Die" contains a sample of "In the Rain" by The Dramatics.
- "Hypnotize" contains a sample of "Rise" by Herb Alpert, and an interpolation of "La Di Da Di" by Slick Rick & Doug E. Fresh.
- "Kick in the Door" contains a sample of "I Put a Spell on You" by Screamin' Jay Hawkins, "Unbelievable" The Notorious B.I.G., interpolations of "Get Money" by Junior M.A.F.I.A., "Wash Yo Ass" by Martin Lawrence, and "Robby, the Cook, and 60 Gallons of Booze" by Louis & Bebe Barron.
- "I Love the Dough" contains a sample and an interpolation of "I Love You More" by René & Angela, and "Da Ya Think I'm Sexy?" by Rod Stewart.
- "What's Beef" contains a sample of "I'm Glad You're Mine" by Al Green and "Close to You" by Richard Evans.
- "B.I.G. Interlude" contains a sample of "P.S.K. What Does It Mean?" by Schooly D.
- "Mo Money Mo Problems" contains a sample of "I'm Coming Out" by Diana Ross.
- "Niggas Bleed" contains a sample of "Hey, Who Really Cares" by The Whispers.
- "I Got a Story to Tell" contains a sample of "I'm Glad You're Mine" by Al Green.
Disc two notes
- "Notorious Thugs" contains a sample of "More Than Love" by Ohio Players.
- "Miss U" contains an interpolation of "Missing You" by Diana Ross.
- "Another" contains a sample and interpolation of "Another Man" by Barbara Mason.
- "Going Back to Cali" contains a sample of "More Bounce to the Ounce" by Zapp.
- "Ten Crack Commandments" contains samples of "Vallantra" by Les McCann, and "Shut 'Em Down" by Public Enemy.
- "Playa Hater" contains a sample and interpolation of "Hey Love" by The Delfonics.
- "Nasty Boy" contains a sample of "Cavern" by Liquid Liquid.
- "Sky's the Limit" contains a sample of "My Flame" by Bobby Caldwell.
- "The World Is Filled..." contains a sample of "Space Talk" by Asha Puthli, and "The What" by The Notorious B.I.G.
- "My Downfall" contains a sample of "For the Good Times" by Al Green and an interpolation of "You're All I Need to Get By" by Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell.
- "Long Kiss Goodnight" contains a sample of "The Letter" by Al Green.
- Notorious B.I.G. – writer, rap performer, additional production
- Sean "Puffy" Combs – featured rap performer
- Lil' Kim – featured rap performer
- Jay-Z – featured rap performer
- Too Short – featured rap performer
- Mase – featured rap performer
- Bizzy Bone – featured rap performer
- Krayzie Bone – featured rap performer
- Layzie Bone – featured rap performer
- Jadakiss – featured rap performer
- Styles P – featured rap performer
- Sheek Louch – featured rap performer
- 112 – featured vocals
- R. Kelly – featured vocals
- DMC – featured vocals
- Angela Winbush – featured vocals
- Kelly Price – vocals
- Pamela Long – additional vocals
- Carl Thomas – additional vocals
- Faith Evans – background vocals
- Karen Anderson – background vocals
- Keanna Henson – background vocals
- Deborah Neeley Rolle – background vocals
- Ron Grant – background vocals
- Michael Ciro – guitar
- Butch Ingram – writer/publisher
- Sean "Puffy" Combs – producer, mixing
- Carlos "6 July" Broady – producer, hammond organ
- Deric "D-Dot" Angelettie – producer
- Stevie J – producer
- Nashiem Myrick – producer
- Ron Lawrence – producer
- Easy Mo Bee – producer
- DJ Premier – producer
- Clark Kent – producer
- RZA – producer
- Havoc – producer
- Buckwild – producer
- Kay Gee – editor, producer
- Chucky Thompson – producer
- DJ Enuff – producer
- Daron Jones – producer
- Paragon – producer
- Jiv Pos – producer
- Mike Pitts – assistant producer, editor
- Michael Patterson – engineer, mixing
- Charles "Prince Charles" Alexander – engineer, mixing
- Lane Craven – engineer, mixing
- Manny Marroquin – engineer
- Camilo Argumedes – engineer
- Stephen Dent – engineer
- Ben Garrison – engineer
- Rasheed Goodlowe – engineer
- Steve Jones – engineer
- Rich July – engineer
- John Meredith – engineer
- Lynn Montrose – engineer
- Axel Niehaus – engineer
- Diana Pedraza – engineer
- Doug Wilson – engineer
- Tony Maserati – mixing
- Paul Logus – mixing
- Eddie Sancho – mixing
- Richard Travali – mixing
- Herb Powers – mastering
|Canada (Music Canada)||2× Platinum||200,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||300,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||11× Platinum||5,360,000|
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
- List of best-selling albums in the United States
- List of number-one albums of 1997 (U.S.)
- List of number-one R&B albums of 1997 (U.S.)
- Billboard Year-End
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- "American album certifications – Notorious B.I.G. – Life After Death". Recording Industry Association of America.