Life Care Centers of America

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Life Care Centers of America
Private
IndustryElderly Healthcare
Founded1970 in Cleveland, Tennessee
FounderForrest Preston
Headquarters
Cleveland, Tennessee
,
United States
Number of locations
256
Number of employees
42,000 (2015)
Websitelcca.com

Life Care Centers of America is the largest privately held long-term elderly care company in the U.S., with facilities across 28 states, and the third largest in the U.S. It is headquartered in Cleveland, Tennessee.

History[edit]

Life Care Centers of America was founded by Forrest Preston in 1970, and he remains the sole owner, chairman, and CEO.[1]

As of 2015, Life Care Centers has been the subject of a seven-year probe and federal lawsuit alleging Medicare fraud.[1]

As of 2015, the company employs 42,000 people.[1]

Since 1995, the company's headquarters have been located at the Campbell Center at 3001 Keith Street NW in Cleveland in the location of a former shopping mall.[2]

Outbreaks during the COVID-19 pandemic[edit]

Kirkland, Washington outbreak[edit]

Life Care Center of Kirkland in 2020

A Life Care Center facility in Kirkland, Washington was the source of a major outbreak of COVID-19 first reported on February 19, 2020, which became the first outbreak in a United States nursing home.[3] On February 19 there were 120 residents and 180 Center employees at the facility. By March 18, 101 of the residents had been diagnosed with COVID-19, and thirty-four residents had died, for a case fatality rate of 33.7%.[4] On 2 April 2020 Life Care Center was fined $611,000 for deficiencies in its response to the outbreak, and has until 16 September 2020 to correct the deficiencies, or else face termination of its participation in the Medicare/Medicaid program.[5]

On February 19, 2020 the first resident was transferred to a local hospital; this resident would test positive for COVID-19.[6] Two residents died on the 26th who would be later confirmed to have had the virus,[7][8] with the first death being reported on the 29th.[9]

By March 2, three deaths of the six in Washington state were attributed to the location.[10] The center was closed to visitors on the 2nd, with residents encouraged to stay in their rooms. At the time, at least four additional residents and an employee had tested positive for the virus, and over 50 residents and employees were reporting symptoms. Twenty-five of Kirkland's firefighters were in isolation, as they had visited the facility, and two police officers, 17 nursing students and 4 staff from Lake Washington Institute of Technology had been potentially exposed and were being monitored. The Institute of Technology closed its 7,000-student campus for a cleaning and canceled meetings and events.[11][12][13][14][15][16]

By March 5, at least 13 residents and 2 workers had tested positive for COVID-19. The death toll in the state had risen to nine with six of the deaths being confirmed to be from residents at the Center.[7] The following day gave updated numbers of 18 residents and six workers who were infected with a further 10 cases linked to the site being non-residents who visited the location. Of the 11 deaths in the state, 10 of them were connected with the Center.[17]

On March 7, a press conference was held by the Center. Of the 180 employees at the Center, 70 of them showed symptoms of the virus and had been asked to remain at home. The number of residents still at the facility was down to 63 with 54 residents having already been transported to local hospitals over the course of the outbreak. At this point, 26 residents had died since the outbreak started; with 11 dying at the Center and 15 dying at hospitals in the area. Only 13 of the 15 hospital deaths were confirmed to be from COVID-19 with the causing of the remaining 2 hospital deaths being unconfirmed along with the deaths at the Center. All remaining 63 residents at the Center were confirmed to be confined in their rooms with six residents showing symptoms. Additionally, it was revealed that the Center had received 45 testing kits for COVID-19 on the 5th.[18][6] In addition to help from the CDC, The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services sent additional medical personnel to the facility.[19]

On March 8, four more residents were transported to hospitals with four others leaving the Center entirely leaving 55 residents at the Center.[20] Two deaths from the 6th and 7th were confirmed to be residents from the center, bring the total number of deaths the virus was responsible for to 16 at the center. Further information on the 9th revealed that three previous deaths (one on the 4th, two on the 8th) had been caused by coronavirus, bringing the total to 19.[21] Additionally, the center received a second batch of kits which would be enough to test all remaining residents in addition to testing those who died at the Center. 44 of the remaining 55 have been tested. Of the 70 employees with symptoms, three have been hospitalized with one testing positive for the virus. However, the Center does not have enough kits at this time to test all employees.[22] It was revealed over the course of the day that the residents cannot take showers due to the conditions of the quarantine and the lack of showers in the residents' rooms,[20] in addition to the Center staffing being down to three employees covering for the night of the 3rd to the morning of the 4th.[23] In addition, the staff had inadequate personal protective equipment, and were using bag valve masks which are known to increase dispersion of airborne particles.[23]

COVID-19 mortality: March 12–23[edit]

  • March 12: King County COVID-19 cumulative deaths associated with Life Care Center of Kirkland totalled 22.[24]
  • March 13: King County COVID-19 cumulative deaths associated with Life Care Center of Kirkland totaled 25.[25]
  • March 14: King County COVID-19 cumulative deaths associated with Life Care Center of Kirkland totaled 27.[26]
  • March 15: King County COVID-19 cumulative deaths associated with Life Care Center of Kirkland totaled 29.[27]
  • March 17: King County COVID-19 cumulative deaths associated with Life Care Center of Kirkland updated to 30.[28]
  • March 18: King County COVID-19 cumulative deaths associated with Life Care Center of Kirkland totaled 35.[29]
  • March 23: King County COVID-19 cumulative deaths associated with Life Care Center of Kirkland totaled 37.[30]
  • March 24: King County COVID-19 cumulative death reports ceased to break out those associated with Life Care Center of Kirkland.[31]

Littleton, Massachusetts outbreak[edit]

A medic with the Massachusetts National Guard takes a nasal swab that will be used to test for COVID-19 with a resident of the Life Care Center of Nashoba Valley, April 3 2020

Life Care Center of Nashoba Valley in Littleton, Massachusetts, experienced an outbreak of COVID-19 in April 2020.[32][33] The nurse who reported the outbreak later died of the virus.[34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Green, Alex (27 April 2015). "How Forrest Preston built Life Care Centers into the biggest privately held company in the industry". timesfreepress. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  2. ^ Davis, David. "New Bradley Square owner ready to grow retail landscape". Clevelanddailybanner.com. Cleveland Daily Banner. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
  3. ^ Stockman, Farah; Richtel, Matt; Ivory, Danielle; Smith, Mitch (17 April 2020). "'They're Death Pits': Virus Claims at Least 7,000 Lives in U.S. Nursing Homes". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  4. ^ McMichael, Temet, Ph.D.; Currie, Dustin, Ph.D.; Clark, Shauna, R.N.; Pogosjans, Sargis, M.P.H.; Kay, Meagan, D.V.M.; Schwartz, Noah, M.D.; Lewis, James, M.D.; Baer, Atar, Ph.D.; Kawakami, Vance, D.V.M.; Lukoff, Margaret, M.D.; Ferro, Jessica, M.P.H.; Brostrom-Smith, Claire, M.S.N. (March 27, 2020). "Epidemiology of Covid-19 in a Long-Term Care Facility in King County, Washington". The New England Journal of Medicine. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2005412. PMC 7121761. PMID 32220208.
  5. ^ Q13 News Staff and Associated Press (2 April 2020) Life Care Center of Kirkland fined $611,000 over coronavirus outbreak response
  6. ^ a b Dyer Oxley KUOW (Mar 07, 2020) Center speaks publicly for the first time since COVID-19 outbreak
  7. ^ a b "Local health officials announce new recommendations to reduce risk of spread of COVID-19". kingcounty.gov. King County. 4 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  8. ^ Jacobo, Julia; Morgan, Winsor (4 March 2020). "9th coronavirus death reported in U.S. as virus continues to spread". ABC News online (Mar2020). ABC News. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
  9. ^ "First death due to novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in a resident of King County". King County. 29 February 2020. Archived from the original on March 1, 2020. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  10. ^ Seattle-area officials report new coronavirus deaths, bringing US total to 6 CNBC
  11. ^ Kirkland, Life Care Center of. "Statement from Life Care Center of Kirkland regarding COVID-19". Life Care Center of Kirkland. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  12. ^ Baker, Mike; Bogel-Burroughs, Nicholas; Weise, Karen (29 February 2020). "Washington State Declares Emergency Amid Coronavirus Death and Illnesses at Nursing Home". nytimes.com. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Second Death From Virus Is Reported in the U.S." nytimes.com. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Kirkland, Wash., becomes epicenter of coronavirus response as cases spread". Washington Post. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  15. ^ "Washington coronavirus death occurred at facility owned by Cleveland, Tennessee-based Life Care Centers". timesfreepress.com. 2 March 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020. Cases of the coronavirus, including a death, have been linked to a nursing home belonging to Cleveland, Tennessee-based Life Care Centers of America, according to CNN.
  16. ^ KOMO News Staff. "6 dead, 12 others infected from coronavirus in Washington state". KOMO. Retrieved 2 March 2020. The newest victims in King County include: - A man in his 70s, a resident of LifeCare who was hospitalized at EvergreenHealth. The man had underlying health conditions and died Sunday.- A woman in her 70s, a resident of LifeCare, was hospitalized at EvergreenHealth. She had underlying health conditions and died Sunday.
  17. ^ "Update: King County COVID-19 case numbers for March 6, 2020 - King County". kingcounty.gov. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  18. ^ Life Care Center of Kirkland breaks silence at Saturday press conference Bellevue Reporter
  19. ^ Life Care Center of Kirkland gets extra help from CDC KIRO 7
  20. ^ a b ‘Still in triage mode’: More residents, employees of Kirkland nursing home are hospitalized with coronavirus symptoms The Seattle Times
  21. ^ "3 More Coronavirus Patients Die, 33 New Cases in King County". 9 March 2020.
  22. ^ Coronavirus live updates: 3 more dead in Washington state, raising US death toll to 22 ABC News
  23. ^ a b This nursing home is at the center of Washington's coronavirus. Here's what one first responder saw there CNN
  24. ^ "Update: COVID-19 in King County for March 12, 2020". Public Health news and blog. King County Public Health Department. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Update on COVID-19 in King County for March 13, 2020". Public Health news and blog. King County Public Health Department. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Public Health news and blog Update on COVID-19 in King County for March 14, 2020". Public Health news and blog. King County Public Health Department.
  27. ^ "Public Health news and blog Update on COVID-19 in King County for March 15, 2020". Public Health news and blog. King County Public Health Department.
  28. ^ "Public Health news and blog Update on COVID-19 in King County for March 17, 2020". Public Health news and blog. King County Public Health Department.
  29. ^ "Public Health news and blog Update on COVID-19 in King County for March 18, 2020". Public Health news and blog. King County Public Health Department.
  30. ^ "Public Health news and blog Update on COVID-19 in King County for March 23, 2020". Public Health news and blog. King County Public Health Department.
  31. ^ "Public Health news and blog Update on COVID-19 in King County for March 24, 2020". Public Health news and blog. King County Public Health Department.
  32. ^ "Town of Littleton Information Center | Littleton MA". www.littletonma.org. Retrieved 2020-04-13.
  33. ^ "Whistleblower nurse who spoke out about Littleton nursing home dies of COVID-19". WCVB. 2020-04-12. Retrieved 2020-04-13.
  34. ^ Staff, Laura Crimaldi Globe; April 11, Updated; 2020; Comments, 7:06 p m Email to a Friend Share on Facebook Share on TwitterPrint this Article View. "Nurse at Life Care Center of Nashoba Valley dies of COVID-19 - The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com. Retrieved 2020-04-13.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)