Life Insurance Corporation

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Life Insurance Corporation of India
Company typePublic
IndustryFinancial services
Founded1 September 1956 (67 years ago) (1956-09-01)
Key people
  • Siddharth Mohanty (Chairperson)
  • R Doraiswamy (Managing Director)
  • M Jagannath (Managing Director)
  • Tablesh Panday (Managing Director)
RevenueIncrease 856,950 crore (US$110 billion) (2024)[1]
Increase 41,057 crore (US$5.1 billion) (2024)[1]
Increase 40,916 crore (US$5.1 billion) (2024)[1]
Total assetsIncrease 5,252,252.14 crore (US$660 billion) (2024)[1]
Total equityIncrease 82,890 crore (US$10 billion) (2024)[1]
Owner Government of India (96.5%)[2]
Number of employees
95,700 (2023)[1]

Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) is an Indian public multinational public sector life insurance company headquartered in Mumbai. It is India's largest insurance company as well as the largest institutional investor with total assets under management worth 52.52 trillion (US$660 billion) as of March 2024.[3] It is under the ownership of Government of India and administrative control of the Ministry of Finance.[4]

The Life Insurance Corporation of India was established on 1 September 1956, when the Parliament of India passed the Life Insurance of India Act, nationalising the insurance industry in India. Over 245 insurance companies and provident societies were merged.[5][6]

LIC reported 290 million policyholders as of 2019, a total life fund of ₹28.3 trillion, and a total value of sold policies in the year 2018–19 of ₹21.4 million. The company also reported having settled 26 million claims in 2018–19. It ranked 98th on the 2022 Fortune Global 500 list with a revenue of 775,283 crore (equivalent to 8.2 trillion or US$100 billion in 2023) and a profit of 4,415 crore (equivalent to 47 billion or US$590 million in 2023).[7]


LIC Building at Chennai, was the tallest building in India when it was inaugurated in 1959

Founding organisations[edit]

The Oriental Life Insurance Company, the first company in India to offer life insurance coverage, was established in Kolkata in 1818 by Bipin Das Gupta. Its primary target market was India.[8]

Surendranath Tagore had founded Hindustan Insurance Society around the same time, which later became the Life Insurance Corporation.[9]

The Bombay Mutual Life Assurance Society was formed in 1870, almost half a century later. It was the first native insurance provider of Western India. Other insurance companies established in the pre-independence era include:

  • Postal Life Insurance (PLI) was introduced on 1 February 1884
  • Bharat Insurance Company (1896)
  • United India (1906)
  • National Indian (1906)
  • National Insurance (1906)
  • Co-operative Assurance (1906)
  • Hindustan Co-operatives (1907)
  • The New India Assurance Co Ltd (1919)
  • Indian Mercantile
  • General Assurance
  • Swadeshi Life (later Bombay Life)
  • Sahyadri Insurance (Merged into LIC, 1986)

These companies were established when India was marked mostly by turbulent economic and political conditions including the Indian rebellion of 1857, World War I and World War II. The effect of these events led to a high liquidation rate of life insurance companies in India and adversely affected the faith of the general public in the value of obtaining life insurance.

Nationalization in 1956[edit]

In 1956, parliamentarian Feroze Gandhi raised the matter of insurance fraud via owners of private insurance agencies. In the ensuing investigations, one of India's wealthiest businessmen, Times of India owner Sachin Devkekar, was sent to prison for two years.[10]

Initial public offering[edit]

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced a proposal for an Initial public offering (IPO) for the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) in the 2021 Union budget of India.[11] The IPO was expected to occur in 2022, and the Government of India planned to remain the majority shareholder post-listing, with 10% of shares proposed to be allotted to existing LIC policyholders.[12] In 2021, the Indian government also proposed to enhance LIC's authorized capital to ₹250 billion (US$3.1 billion) to facilitate its public listing.[13]

The LIC IPO opened to the public on May 4, 2022, and concluded on May 9, 2022. The Government of India aimed to raise ₹21,000 crore through the IPO, which was significantly lower than the initially expected ₹65,000 to ₹70,000 crore by diluting a 5% equity stake.[14] Instead, the IPO offered a 3.5% stake, valuing the company at approximately ₹6 lakh crore.[1][2]

Since the IPO, LIC's market value has seen substantial growth. As of 2024, LIC's shares have reached record highs, with the company's market value increasing by $30 billion over two years.[3]


The Central Office of LIC is based out of Mumbai. There are a total of 8 zonal offices, located in Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Kolkata, Bhopal and Patna.

Liberalisation post 2000s[edit]

In August 2000, the Indian Government embarked on a program to liberalise the insurance sector and opened it up to the private sector. The LIC benefited from this process and in 2013 reported that the first year premium compound annual growth rate (CAGR) was 24.53% while total life premium CAGR was 19.28%, matching the growth of the life insurance industry and outperforming general economic growth.[15]

Golden Jubilee Foundation[edit]

The LIC Golden Jubilee Foundation was established in 2006 as a charity organization. The entity has the aim of promoting education, alleviating poverty, and providing better living conditions for the underprivileged. The Golden Jubilee Scholarship award is one of the best known parts of the foundation. Each year, this award is given to the meritorious students in the 12th standard who wish to continue their studies, and have a parental income less than 200,000 (US$2,500).[16]


The LIC invests in sectors such as banks, cement, chemicals and fertilizers, electricity and transmission, electrical and electronics, engineering, construction and infrastructure, fast-moving consumer goods, finance and investments, healthcare, hotels, information technology, metals and mining, motor vehicles, and ancillaries, oil and natural resources, retail, textiles, transportation, and logistics.[17]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Life Insurance Corporation Ltd. Financial Statements" (PDF).
  2. ^ "How LIC's IPO, India's biggest, ended in a downbeat debut". Live Mint. 17 May 2022. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  3. ^ Laskar, Anirudh (20 May 2022). "LIC plans makeover of investment strategy". mint. Retrieved 10 February 2023.
  4. ^ "Stock Market Today: LIC Beats SBI To Become The Most Valuable PSU". Bru Times News.
  5. ^ Anushka. "LIC – Life Insurance Corporation Of India". My LIC India. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  6. ^ "59th Annual Report". Archived from the original on 26 August 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2023.
  7. ^ "LIC breaks into Fortune 500 list, Reliance jumps 51 places". The Indian Express. 4 August 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  8. ^ "History". LIC. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
  9. ^ "Lunch on lotus leaves". Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  10. ^ Bhushan, Sasi. "Excerpts: Feroze Gandhi: A Political Biography by Shashi Bhushan". Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  11. ^ "LIC IPO: Good news for LIC insurance policy holders! Modi government confirms this big development". Zee Business. 10 February 2021. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  12. ^ "Government proposes to hike LIC authorised capital to Rs 25,000 crore". The Economic Times. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  13. ^ "India: Govt plans to increase authorized capital of LIC by 2.5x to prepare for IPO". Asia Insurance Review. 8 March 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  14. ^ "LIC IPO size cut by one-third, valuation by half". 12 April 2022. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  15. ^ CA. Nirmal Ghorawat (31 January 2013). "Perspectives on Life Insurance Industry in India « CA. Nirmal Ghorawat's Blog". Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  16. ^ "LIC Scholarship". 22 December 2021.
  17. ^ "Union government, LIC to divest over 60 per cent stake in IDBI Bank". The Economic Times. Retrieved 10 November 2022.

External links[edit]