Glossary of anarchism
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- The negation of rule or "government by none". While "anarchy" refers to the absence of a hierarchical society-organizing power principle, "acracy" refers to the absence of coercion; the condition of acracy is one of voluntary order. Derived from the Greek α- [no] and κρατία [system of government].
- A form of organic organization according to which different parts of an organization are temporarily assembled to meet the requirements of that particular point in time.
- Affinity group
- A small non-hierarchical collective of activists who collaborate on direct action via consensus decision-making.
- Coined by Ernst Jünger, this refers to the ruler (i.e. individual) in a state of anarchy analogous to the monarch in a state of monarchy, a conception influence by Max Stirner's notion of the sovereign individual.
- Anarchism without adjectives
- A form of anarchism which does not declare affiliation with any specify subtype of anarchism (as may be suffixed to anarcho- or anarcha-), instead positioning itself as pluralistic, tolerant of all anarchist schools of thought.
- Derived from the Ancient Greek ἀν (without) + ἄρχειν (to rule) "without archons," "without rulers".
- Social disorder and civil war in an absence of government, used to separate anarchy as in social order and absence of government.
- Clipping of anarcho-socialism and/or anarcho-socialist used in informal discourse, particularly in blogs or other internet forums.
- Anti-systemic library
- A library which is not organised hierarchically and that has no catalogue. The concept is influenced by the ideas of the Situationists.
- A set of radical left-wing political movements in Western Europe which emerged in the late 20th century.
- A Greek word meaning "ruler"; the absence of archons and archy (rule) defines a state of anarchy. Derived from the Ancient Greek άρχων, pl. άρχοντες.
- Biennio rosso
- The "two red years" of political agitation, strikes and land occupation by Italian workers in 1919 and 1920.
- Black anarchism
- A political philosophy primarily of African-Americans, opposed to what it sees as the oppression of people of colour by the white ruling class through the power of the state.
- Black bloc
- An affinity group, or cluster of affinity groups that assembles during protests, demonstrations, or other forms of direct action. Black blocs are noted for the distinctive all-black clothing worn by members to conceal their identity and for their intentional defiance of state property law.
- Bourse du Travail
- Consensus decision-making
- A participatory decision making process for collectives that seeks the resolution or mitigation of minority objections (according to the principle of inclusivity) as well as the agreement of the majority of participants.
- Cost the limit of price
- A maxim coined by individualist anarchist Josiah Warren (1798–1874) to express a normative conception of the labor theory of value—that is, that the price of a good or service should never exceed its cost.
…When a revolutionary situation develops, counter-institutions have the potential of functioning as a real alternative to the existing structure and reliance on them becomes as normal as reliance on the old authoritarian institutions. This is when counter-institutions constitute dual power.
Dual power is a state of affairs in which people have created institutions that fulfill all the useful functions formerly provided by the state. The creation of a general state of dual power is a necessary requirement for a successful revolution…
- Dispute resolution organization (DRO)
- A private (or possibly cooperative) organization specialized in resolving disputes that would arise in an anarchical society (similar to a PDA).
- Diversity of tactics
- A united front of solidarity between participants who disagree on specific choice of tactics. For instance, during a protest action, demonstrators can create zones with varying degrees of tactical risk, rather than imposing a single code.
- Dual power
- The concept of revolution through the creation of "counter-institutions" in place of and in opposition to state power. Used in anarcho-communist discourse, it distinct from the earlier use of the phrase by non-anarchist communists such as Vladimir Lenin.
- Dumpster diving
- Epistemological anarchism
- Food rescue
- The practice of retrieving edible food that would otherwise go to waste and distributing it to those in need.
- Free school
- A decentralized network in which skills, information and knowledge are shared with neither the social hierarchy nor the institutional environment of formal schooling.
- Free soviets
- Following the Russian Revolution, the concept of workers' councils (soviets) that were self-governing and free from party control
- An anti-consumerist lifestyle according to which participants attempt to restrict their consumption of natural resources and participation in the conventional economy to using salvaged and discarded goods.
- Give-away shop
- Guerrilla gardening
- Haymarket Martyrs
- The seven anarchists tried and executed for the murder of a Chicago policeman during the Haymarket affair.
- Haymarket Tragedy
- See social hierarchy
- Horizontalidad (also Horizontalism)
- A doctrine which rejects all moral obligations and governmental law in favour of the satisfaction of one's own desires. Pioneered by the Bonnot Gang in France and heavily influenced by the individualist anarchist philosophy of Max Stirner.
- A philosophy which demands the embracing of immediate social interactions with people as a means of countering the antisocial consequences of consumerist capitalism.
- Individual reclamation (reprise individuelle)
- A form of direct action that advocates for criminal acts in service of a cause. Influenced by Bolshevik theory.
- A space (often a social center) that serves as a node for anarchists involved with radical movements and countercultures for trading publications (typically books, zines, stickers and posters), meeting and networking with similar individuals and groups. The primary directive of an infoshop is the dissemination of information. Related: zine library.
- Invisible dictatorship
- Jurisdictional arbitrage
- "Land and liberty"
- A slogan expressing the desire of freedom from landowners originally used by the revolutionary leaders of the Mexican Revolution. Spanish: Tierra y Libertad, Russian: Земля и Воля Zemlya i Volya.
- Law of equal liberty
- A doctrine asserting that each individual has the right to assert their fullest liberty to act so long as it does not extend them greater liberty than any other individual. Named by Herbert Spencer.
- Anarchists who prioritize cultural and identity protest over class struggle politics. Associated with Murray Bookchin's 1995 essay in pejorative reference to anarcho-primitivists, poststructual anarchists, and individualists/egoists.
- Lois scélérates
- A series of political and economic concepts developed by Ukrainian anarchist revolutionary Nestor Makhno (1888–1934) and his followers, and implemented in the Free Territory. Central concepts include anarchist communism, workers' self-management and—developed during Makhno's exile in Paris, France—platformism.
- Modern School
- American schools formed in the early 20th century based on the ideas of educator and anarchist Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia and modelled after his Escuela Moderna.
- Mutual aid
- Low-intensity social conflict employing a network structure for organisational control and communication. Related: Security culture.
- Non-aggression Principle (NAP, also Non-aggression Axiom)
- A prohibition against the initiation of force, or the threat of force, against persons or property (usually referred to as aggression or coercion).
- Participatory politics
- Polycentric law
- Popular assembly
- Prefigurative politics
- Used interchangeably with anarcho-primitivist.
- Propaganda of the deed
- Property is theft!
- Punk house
- Radical cheerleading
- Really Really Free Market
- A free market based on the principle of gift economics whereby participants bring gifts and resources to share with one another, without money being exchanged. Related: participatory economics, voluntary association.
- Refusal of work
- Responsible autonomy
- Revolutionary spontaneity
- Reprise individuelle
Samizdat—the production of literature banned by the former communist governments of eastern Europe; the term is a play on the term for the Soviet state press, and translates to "self-publishing." Throughout the greater part of the twentieth century, the best literature, philosophy, and history in the Soviet Union and its satellite states was copied by photo-reproduction and distributed through underground channels—just as it is here in the United States today.
- The creation of permanent dwellings on the ocean, analogous to homesteading on land. A seastead is a structure meant for permanent occupation on the ocean. Related to Permanent Autonomous Zones.
- Security culture
- Secrecy practiced by an affinity group which engages in illegal activities, and its precautions to avoid surveillance or infiltration by law enforcement. Related: direct action, netwar
- Spontaneous order
- Street reclamation
- Acronym coined by libertarian science fiction writer Robert A. Heinlein in The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress for "There Ain't No Such Thing As A Free Lunch". Used to express scepticism towards socialist economics.
- Tragic Week
- The name given to a series of violent confrontations between the Spanish army and the anarchist-backed working classes in Catalunyan cities from July 25-August 2, 1909.
- Trial of the thirty
- The political philosophy of veganism (more specifically animal liberation) and anarchism, creating a combined praxis as a means for social revolution.
- The use of or reliance on voluntary action to maintain an institution, carry out a policy, or achieve an end.
- Wage slavery
- A term which asserts a similarity between slavery—the ownership and control of one person by another—and wage labour.
- Workers' self-management
- A form of workplace decision-making in which the workers rather than professional managers decide on issues related to the operation of the business.
- Compound of zen and "archy". The social order which arises from meditation. As a doctrine, zenarchism is the belief that "universal enlightenment" is a prerequisite to the abolition of the state.
- A low-circulation, non-commercial periodical of original or appropriated texts and images. Usually reproduced via photocopier on a variety of colored paper stock.
- Zine library
|For a list of words relating to anarchism, see the anarchism category of words in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
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the small but growing subculture of anticonsumerists who call themselves freegans — the term derives from vegans, the vegetarians who forsake all animal products, as many freegans also do
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