Ligao City Hall
|Nickname(s): The Sunflower Capital of the Philippines|
Map of Albay showing the location of Ligao City
|Region||Bicol (Region V)|
|Founded||1608 (as the village of Cavasi)|
|• Mayor||Patty G. Alsua Liberal Party|
|• Total||246.75 km2 (95.27 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)52|
|Income class||4th class; partially urban|
Ligao, often referred to as Ligao City, (Central Bikol: Ciudad kan Ligao; Filipino: Lungsod ng Ligao) is a fourth class city in the province of Albay, Philippines, 500 kilometres (310 mi) south-east of Manila. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 111,399 people.
The name Ligao is derived from the local word "ticao", once an abundant tree whose poisonous leaves were used to catch fish in rivers or creeks. Most Ligaoeños, however, believe that the name Ligao was originally "licau" which means to take the long way around or to turn away from the ordinary or usual route.
Ligao started as a small settlement known as 'Cavasi' in the 16th century. It grew in population as it attracted natives from nearby settlements. Eventually, power struggles among ambitious and aggressive leaders caused trouble as they created divisions among the settlement. There arose five divisions led by maginoos (chieftains): Pagkilatan, Maaban, Sampoñgan, Makabongay and Hokoman. Peace was only restored when Chieftain Pagkilatan was appointed supreme leader over the entire settlement with the approval of the other chieftains.
The town was founded as a barrio of Polangui in 1606, being ceded to Oas in 1665, and finally becoming an independent municipality in 1666. It gained city status on March 24, 2001, after a plebiscite with an overwhelming Yes vote of 17,753 as against 1,387 No votes.
- Bagumbayan (Pob.)
- Binatagan (Pob.)
- Calzada (Pob.)
- Cavasi (Pob.)
- Dunao (Pob.)
- Guilid (Pob.)
- San Vicente
- Santa Cruz (Pob.)
- Tagpo (Pob.)
- Tinago (Pob.)
- Tomolin (Pob.)
- Tuburan (Pob.)
- Tula-Tula Grande
- Tula-Tula Pequeño
|Population census of Ligao|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
- "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- "Province: Albay". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- "Region V (Bicol Region)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Region V (Bicol Region)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Province of Albay". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ligao.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ligao City.|