Ligation-independent cloning

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Ligation-independent cloning (LIC) is a form of molecular cloning that is able to be performed without the use of restriction endonucleases or DNA ligase. This allows genes that have restriction sites to be cloned without worry of chopping up the insert.[1][2][3][clarification needed]


  1. Design PCR Primers with LIC extension
  2. Perform PCR to amplify gene
  3. Purify PCR product
  4. Create 5' overhangs
  5. Incubate vector and PCR product to anneal
  6. Transform


  1. ^ "Ligation Independent Cloning (LIC)". New England BioLabs (NEB). Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Get Your Clone 90% Of The Time with Ligation Independent Cloning". Bitesize Bio. Retrieved 2012-05-09. 
  3. ^ Haun, RS; Serventi, IM; Moss, J (1992). "Rapid, reliable ligation-independent cloning of PCR products using modified plasmid vectors". BioTechniques. 13 (4): 515–8. PMID 1362067. 

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