Light Green SF

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Light Green SF
Light Green SF yellowish.png
Names
IUPAC name
ethyl-[4-[[4-[ethyl-[(3-sulfophenyl)methyl]amino]phenyl]-(4-sulfophenyl)methylene]-1-cyclohexa-2,5-dienylidene]-[(3-sulfophenyl)methyl]ammonium
Other names
Light Green, Acid Green, Lissamine green SF, Acid Green 5, Food Green 2, FD&C Green no. 2, Green No. 205, Acid Brilliant Green 5, Pencil Green SF
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.023.551
KEGG
Properties
C37H37N2O9S3+
Molar mass 749.893 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Light Green SF (C.I. 42095) is a green triarylmethane dye.

Uses[edit]

Biomedical[edit]

It is used in histology for staining collagen;[1] for that purpose it is a standard dye in North America. In Masson's trichrome it is used as a counterstain to acid fuchsin. It is a critical component of Papanicolaou stains together with eosin Y and bismarck brown Y. It usually comes as a disodium salt. Its maximum absorption is at 630 (422) nm.

The dye is not very durable — it has a tendency to fade. When fading is to be avoided, it is replaced with Fast Green FCF, which also has more brilliant color. Fast Green FCF can also substitute Light Green SF in other procedures.

Lissamine green dye can be used to check the health of the anterior surfaces of the eye. It is available on a steret. The steret is wet with saline and then the dye is dropped into the lower fornix. The dye shows up conjunctival staining similar to rose Bengal dye but it does not sting like rose Bengal does.

Food coloring[edit]

Light Green SF was once used as a green food colorant. Its use in the U.S. was discontinued owing to its low popularity.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Light Green SF, Yellowish (Certified Biological Stain), Fisher Chemical". Fisher Scientific. Archived from the original on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  2. ^ Sharma, Vinita; McKone, Harold T.; Markow, Peter G. (2011). "A Global Perspective on the History, Use, and Identification of Synthetic Food Dyes". Journal of Chemical Education. 88: 24–28. doi:10.1021/ed100545v.