Light combat aircraft
A light combat aircraft is a light multirole jet military aircraft most coming from advanced trainers that have been modified or designed for engaging in light combat missions, either in light strike or attack missions, reconnaissance or interdiction roles while some keeping its trainer role. They are also slower than their bigger counterparts and most are only capable of subsonic speeds though some are capable of reaching mach 1+. Although equipped with either guns or short range air-to-air missiles it is usually for self-defense purpose or anti-hostile aircraft/helicopter missions not for air defense as lightweight fighters do, though some are capable of air to air combat or point air defense missions due to integrated or have variants capable of carrying powerful multi-mode radar systems, most LCAs don't have such due to their small limited design or are less powerful. However they can still be used to patrol the skies and implement border patrol or air policing. These aircraft are usually smaller and more lightly armed than the bigger multirole or strike aircraft such as the American F-18, F-15E Strike Eagle or Russian Mig-29. Most LCAs are armed with either bombs, rockets or gun pods used for COIN or CAS missions. Some aircraft have been developed to integrate more advanced armaments such as smart bombs and air to ground missiles, ECM pods (Electronic Countermeasure) and electronic targeting systems for better mission capability.
|United States||Northrop Corporation||F-5||1962||Canadair CF-5
Shaped Sonic Boom Demonstration
Northrop F-20 Tigershark
|Designed as a multirole light combat aircraft|
|Designed as a multirole light combat aircraft, derived from the F-5|
|India||Hindustan Aeronautics Limited||HAL Tejas||2015||Navy variant LCA Mark 1A||Mark-1 to be developed into Mark-1A and Mark-2|
|Czech Republic||Aero Vodochody||L-159 ALCA||2000||L-159T1,T2,A/B||Designed as a multirole light combat aircraft derived from the L-59|
|Dornier of Germany
and Dassault-Breguet of France
|Alpha jet MS2, ATS||1973||Jet A/B,2||MS and ATS variant modified and upgraded|
|Italy||Alenia Aermacchi||M-346FA/FT||2004||M-346 trainer||Improved and modified M346FA/FT for multirole fighter and attack missions|
|MB-339C||1979||A/B||C variant modified and upgraded|
|South Korea||Korea Aerospace Industries||TA-50||2005||T-50/FA-50||2nd variant, evolution from the T-50 AJT, modified and upgraded|
|United Kingdom||BAE Systems MAS Division||BAE Hawk 200||1976||Hawk 100||Developed and re-designed from Hawk trainer, upgraded weapons and sensors for air-to-air, air-to-ground and maritime roles|
|Yugoslavia||Aeronautical Technical Institute||G-4MD Super Galeb||1983||G-4/S||4M variant modified and upgraded|
|Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC) of China,Pakistan Aeronautical Complex(PAC)||JF-17||2007||JF-17B||Designed as a light multi-role combat aircraft, It is not a Light Attack Jet.|
|China||Hongdu||L-15||2010||A, AW, B, Z, JL-10||Designed as an advanced trainer, and light combat aircraft.|
|Russia||Yakovlev||YAK-130||1996||YAK-131||Designed as a light attack/fighter/trainer|
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