List of lighthouses and lightvessels in Germany
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Lighthouses and lightvessels in Germany)
|Amrum||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Amrum island
|Nebel||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Nebel, Amrum
||1981||The construction is identical to the Nieblum light at Föhr island.|
|Wriakhörn||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Amrum island near the main lighthouse|
|Norddorf||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Norddorf, Amrum
|Dagebüll||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Dagebüll||1929||Deactivated in 1988|
|Heligoland||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Heligoland island
|Helgoland (Düne)||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Düne (Heligoland)
|Hörnum||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Hörnum, Sylt island
|Kampen||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Kampen, Sylt island
||1855||Deactivated in 1975.|
|North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||List, Sylt island
||1858||These twin lighthouses are Germany's northernmost lighthouses.|
|Nieblum||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Nieblum, Föhr island
||1981||The construction is identical to the Nebel light at Amrum.|
|Oland||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Oland island
||1929||Germany's only lighthouse with a thatched roof|
|Olhörn||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Wyk auf Föhr
|Pellworm||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Pellworm island
|Rotes Kliff||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Kampen, Sylt island||1913|
|St. Peter-Böhl||North Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Eiderstedt peninsula at the entrance to the Eider estuary
||1908||One of the best-known lighthouses in Germany and a popular site for weddings.|
|Neuwerk||North Sea||Hamburg||Neuwerk island in the Elbe river estuary||1814||Originally built in the 14th century as a watchtower, this lighthouse is the oldest building on the German coastline.|
|Blankenese Low Lighthouse||North Sea||Hamburg||Elbe river
|Blankenese High Lighthouse||North Sea||Hamburg||Elbe river
|Bremerhaven||North Sea||Bremen||Bremerhaven||1853||This tower serves as the rear light in a pair of leading lights.|
|Brinkamahof||North Sea||Bremen||Bremerhaven||1912||Deactivated and relocated in 1980|
|Alte Weser||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Outer Weser estuary||1964|
|Arngast||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Jade Bight||1910||Listed as a historic building in Germany.|
|Old Borkum lighthouse||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Borkum island||1817||Established in a tower that dates back to 1576, this lighthouse served as a daybeacon until 1817 when a lantern was added. It was heavily damaged by a fire in 1879 which led to the construction of Borkum Großer Light. After its restoration the old lighthouse became a weather and maritime traffic control station. It was transferred to a local historic association in 1982.|
|Borkum Großer Light||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Borkum island||1879||This tower was built to replace the Old Borkum lighthouse when the latter was damaged by a fire.|
|Campen||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Krummhörn||1891||With 65 metres (213 ft), this skeletal framework construction is Germany's tallest lighthouse, and it also ranks among the tallest of its kind worldwide.|
|Cuxhaven||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Cuxhaven||1805||Deactivated in 2001. Built during the Napoleonic wars by the city of Hamburg, the fire as extinguished shortly after until the end of the war in 1814. In 1899, Karl Ferdinand Braun used the site to conduct early experiments in radio transmission.|
|Kugelbake||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Cuxhaven||1940s||While not a lighthouse, this unlit wooden daybeacon is an iconic landmark for the city of Cuxhaven.|
|Eckwarderhörne||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Eckwarden, Butjadingen||1962||Deactivated in 2012, this tower used to serve as the rear light in a pair of leading lights with the front station being in Mundahn. After its deactivation the Eckwarderhörne tower was declared a historic site by the state of Lower Saxony.|
|Emden||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Emden at the Weser estuary||1913||When the tower was renovated in 1982, the old lantern was replaced and relocated.|
|Hofe leading lights||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Wremen||1974|
|Hohe Weg||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Outer Weser estuary||1856|
|Hooksielplate||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Jade Bight||1976||While the light was deactivated in 1998, the tower continues to serve as a radar station.|
|Imsum||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Langen near Bremerhaven||Deactivated in 1996. The tower was removed from its original location in 2005 to allow for the expansion of a container shipping terminal, and was donated to the German Maritime Museum.|
|Knock||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Knock, 15 km west of Emden||1970||The tower serves as part of the Dutch-German Vessel Traffic Control Centre Ems.|
|Mellumplate||North Sea||Lower Saxony||North of Mellum island||1946|
|Memmert||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Memmert island||1992||Deactivated in 1986 and rebuilt as a replica on Juist island.|
|Minsener Oog Buhne A||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Minsener Oog island||1939||Deactivated in 1998, the lighthouse is being undermined by the sea and may eventually collapse.|
|Minsener Oog Buhne C||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Minsener Oog island||1939||Deactivated in 1998.|
|Norderney||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Norderney island||1874||Restored extensively in 2004–5.|
|Pilsum||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Pilsum||1889||Deactivated in 1915. The building was featured in the film Otto – Der Außerfriesische ("Otto - the Outer Frisian") by comedian Otto Waalkes.|
|Roter Sand||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Outer Weser estuary||1885|
|Sandstedt leading lights||Weser river||Lower Saxony||Sandstedt||1898||Deactivated in 1981.|
|Schillig leading lights||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Schillig, Jade Bight||1961||Deactivated in 1987.|
|Solthörn leading lights||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Misselwarden municipality at the Weser estuary||1981|
|Tossens leading lights||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Tossens||1987|
|Old Tossens rear light||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Tossens||1973||While the light was deactivated in 1987 following the construction of the new range, the tower still serves as a radar station.|
|Tegeler Plate||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Outer Weser estuary||1965||This lighthouse replaced the Bremen lightship.|
|Voslapp leading lights||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Voslapp, north of Wilhelmshaven||1962|
|Wangerooge (old)||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Wangerooge island||1856||Deactivated in 1969, this station was replaced by the new Wangerooge lighthouse. It is owned by the Wangerooge municipality and serves as a museum.|
|Wangerooge||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Wangerooge island||1969||Built as a landfall light for supertankers bound for Wilhelmshaven.|
|Wilhelmshaven||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Wilhelmshaven||2006||When the original tower was sold and relocated in 2005, public outrage resulted in the construction of an exact replica at the Wilhelmshaven navy pier.|
|Wybelsum||North Sea||Lower Saxony||Wybelsum, Emden||1970|
|Bülk lighthouse||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Entrance to Kiel Fjord||1865||There had been a lighthouse at the site since 1807 but it was destroyed by lightning in 1863. The current tower was built as a replacement.|
|Dahmeshöved||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Dahme at the entrance to the Lübeck Bay||1880||A separate watchtower was added to the station in 1939.|
|Eckernförde (old)||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Eckernförde||1907||Deactivated in 1986 it was replaced by a concrete structure resembling an air traffic control tower.|
|Eckernförde||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Eckernförde||1986||This tower replaced the Old Eckernförde lighthouse of 1907.|
|Fehmarnbelt Lightship||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||1908||1985||Originally used on the 'Außeneider' position in the Eider estuary of the North Sea, the vessel was relocated to the Fehmarn Belt in 1965. It was retired in 1985.|
|Flügge||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||South side of Fehmarn island||1916||A historic landmark of Fehmarn, this tower had a leading light added in 1977. During renovations in the 1970s the building was covered in red and white fibreglass panels but the tower is made of unpainted bricks. The tower serves as rear light in a range of leading lights together with Strukkamphuk lighthouse.|
|Heiligenhafen||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Heiligenhafen||1938||The station was established already in 1885 with a light on top of a fish packing house. When the latter burnt down in 1907, a stone tower was erected to serve as lighthouse instead. The present building was established in 1938.|
|Kalkgrund||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Flensburg Fjord||1963||This lighthouse in the middle of the Flensburg Fjord replaced a lightvessel station.|
|Kiel||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Offshore at the transition from Kiel Bay to Kiel Fjord||1967||The lighthouse serves also as a maritime pilot station.|
|Friedrichsort||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Kiel Fjord||1971||This tower on an artificial island replaced an older lighthouse from 1866.|
|Holtenau Nord||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Kiel, at the northeastern locks of the Kiel Canal||1895||The lighthouse includes a memorial hall for the German emperors William I, Frederick III and William II who were all involved in ceremonies surrounding the construction of the canal. William II laid the cornerstone of the lighthouse.|
|Travemünde||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Travemünde, the port of Lübeck||1539||A light station at Travemünde can be traced back to 1226 and the first lightkeeper was recorded in 1316. This historic tower remained in use until 1974 when a nearby high-rise hotel was used to host the navigational light. The lighthouse tower is now a museum.|
|Marienleuchte, Fehmarn||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Fehmarn island||1967||The German name Marienleuchte [Marie's light] refers to Danish queen-consort Marie of Hesse-Kassel who inaugurated the first lighthouse in this place on her birthday in 1832. The latter building was replaced by a modern tower in 1967.|
|Neuland Lighthouse||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Hohwacht Bay, 1 km north of Behrensdorf||1916||The tower was deactivated in 1996 but has since been used as a warning light by the German Navy during live firing exercises in the area. It is featured in the coat of arms of Behrensdorf.|
|Pelzerhaken||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||8 km south of Neustadt in Holstein||1937||This tower was built around an older Danish lighthouse from 1842.|
|Schleimünde||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||At the mouth of the Schlei inlet||1871|
|Strukkamphuk||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||South side of Fehmarn island||1935||This tower forms a range of leading lights together with Flügge lighthouse which serves as the rear light.|
|Staberhuk||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Fehmarn island||1904||The tower was originally built with yellow bricks but it turned out that those were not suited for severe Baltic Sea winters. Therefore the north and west sides were later covered in red bricks which makes the lighthouse appear to have vertical red and yellow stripes. The Fresnel lens installed in the lantern was originally used in the Heligoland lighthouse while that North Sea island was under British administration in the 19th century. It was transferred to Staberhuk when the lighthouse in Heligoland was replaced in 1901.|
|Westermarkelsdorf||Baltic Sea||Schleswig-Holstein||Fehmarn island||1881||The tower was heightened in 1902 which left a seam in the wall that is still visible today.|
|Cape Arkona Lighthouse||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Cape Arkona, Rügen island||1826||This site has two lighthouses and a radio beacon. The older lighthouse was built in 1826 to plans by Karl Friedrich Schinkel. In 1902, an electrically lit tower was erected nearby to replace Schinkel's lighthouse.|
|Bastorf||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Bastorf at the Mecklenburg Bight||1878||With a focal height of 95.5 metres (313 ft) above sea level, this lighthouse has the highest lantern position in Germany.|
|Darßer Ort||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Darß||1848||The keeper's house has been turned into an aquarium and museum of natural history by the German Oceanographic Museum.|
|Gollwitz||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Poel island||1953||An older skeletal tower at this station was replaced in 1953 by a short lighthouse overlooking the keeper's house. The light was later elevated to a new mast to form a range of leading lights. After the reunification of Germany, the new mast was removed and a sector light was established in the 1953 facility.|
|Greifswalder Oie||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Greifswalder Oie island||1855||The current tower replaced an older lighthouse from 1832. It is the landfall light for ships en route to Stralsund.|
|Gellen||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Hiddensee island||1905|
|Dornbusch Lighthouse||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Dornbusch (Hiddensee)||1888||The site owes its name to thorny bushes that are abundant in the area.|
|Kollicker Ort||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Rügen island||1904||The construction is identical to Ranzow lighthouse.|
|Maltzien||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Southeastern part of Rügen island||1934||This is the front light in a range for the approach to Stralsund harbour.|
|Peenemünde||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Offshore 4 km north of Peenemünde||1954|
|Prora||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Prora, Rügen island||1986||Built for telecommunication purposes rather than navigation, it was deactivated in 1999.|
|Ranzow||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Northern shore of Rügen island||1905||Originally built on the Jasmund peninsula it was deactivated in 1999 and relocated to Cape Arkona in 2002 for display. The construction is identical to Kollicker Ort lighthouse.|
|Sassnitz east pier light||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Sassnitz, Rügen island||1937||This lighthouse is located at the end of a 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) pier in the former ferry port of Sassnitz.|
|Timmendorf||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Poel island||1872||A protected historic site, the facility is also being used as a maritime pilot station for the port of Wismar.|
|Ueckermünde||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Ueckermünde at the mouth of the river Uecker||2000|
|Warnemünde Lighthouse||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Warnemünde||1898||Navigational lights have been displayed at Warnemünde since 1248. Proposed already in the 1860s as a replacement for an old light, the current tower was established only in 1898. It has become a landmark for the Rostock area.|
|Wustrow||Baltic Sea||Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||Wustrow||1933||The station was established in 1911 as a fog warning site. In 1993, a separate lighthouse was built. Because the site became increasingly endangered by high-rising floods, a new mast was erected in 2013, and the old tower was deactivated in 2014.|
|Lindau Lighthouse||Lake Constance||Bavaria||At the harbour entrance to Lindau||1853||The lighthouse and the entire port of Lindau were originally built by the Bavarian Railway Company and later used to be operated by the shipping department for Lake Constance of Deutsche Bahn. Eventually the port was sold to the city works of Constance in 2002 together with the Bodensee-Schiffsbetriebe GmbH shipping company. After several years of negotiations the port area and thus the lighthouse were transferred to the town of Lindau in April 2010.|
|Konstanz east pier light||Lake Constance||Baden-Württemberg||Konstanz||1890||The light is mounted on a mast on top of a building at the end of the east mole of the port of Konstanz.|
|Helios tower||None||North Rhine-Westphalia||Cologne||1873||Lighthouse of the former Helios AG for test and research purposes.|
- "Leuchttürme" [Lighthouses] (in German). Waterways and shipping authority at Tönning. Retrieved 24 August 2014. See the respective subpages for each lighthouse.
- "Nieblum" (in German). Waterways and shipping authority at Tönning. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Germany: North Frisia". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Germany: Cuxhaven and Stade". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- "Leuchttürme" [Lighthouses] (in German). Leuchturm Atlas. Retrieved 29 June 2015. See the respective subpages for each lighthouse.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Germany: Bremerhaven". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Germany: Borkum to Wilhelmshaven". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- Bultmann, Rolf (8 June 2012). "Leuchtfeuer Eckwarderhörne abgeschaltet" [Eckwarderhörne light switched off]. Nordwest-Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- Scheiblich, Reinhard; Staack, Hans Helge (2010). Leuchttürme Lexikon [Glossary of Lighthouses] (in German). Edition Ellert & Richter. pp. 136–138. ISBN 978-3-8319-0038-1.
- "Tossens" (in German). Förderverein Leuchtturm Roter Sand e.V. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- Rowlett, Russ (30 December 2013). .htm "Lighthouses of Germany: Flensburg to Lübeck" Check
|url=value (help). The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
- "Bezirk I – Kieler Förde" [District I – Kiel Fjord] (in German). Lotsenbrüderschaft NOK II. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- Rowlett, Russ (6 January 2014). "Lighthouses of Germany: Northeast Coast (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- "Wismar Lotsenanmeldung" [Wismar pilot requests] (in German). Lotsenbrüderschaft Wismar Rostock Stralsund. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- "Nebelsignalstelle und Orientierungsfeuer Wustrow" [Wustrow fog signal and navigational light station]. Baken-net.de (in German). Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- "Historischer Lindauer Hafen nach 197 Jahren bayerisch". Bodensee-Woche (in German). FSF-Medienverlag. 29 October 2009. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- "Verkauf Lindauer Hafen nun notariell beurkundet". RSA Radio (in German). 13 April 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- Rowlett, Russ (19 December 2013). "Lighthouses of Germany: the Bodensee". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 24 August 2014.