List of lighthouses in France

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This is a list of lighthouses in France. It includes the French overseas territories.

France proper[edit]

Name Image Water body Departement Location Built Notes
Phare du Cap Leucate Gulf of Lion Aude Cap Leucate
42°54′5″N 003°03′3″E / 42.90139°N 3.05083°E / 42.90139; 3.05083
1950
Planier Light Gulf of Lion Bouches-du-Rhône Île du Planier (Planier island)
43°11′54.83″N 5°13′51.29″E / 43.1985639°N 5.2309139°E / 43.1985639; 5.2309139
1959 A first tower was built in this location in 1320 by Robert d'Anjou.
Giraglia Giraglia-lighthouse-Corsica-1900.jpg Ligurian Sea Haute-Corse Giraglia island, north off Cap Corse 1848[1]
Héaux de Bréhat lighthouse Phare Héaux de Bréhat.jpg Atlantic Ocean Côtes-d'Armor Île-de-Bréhat
48°54′30″N 3°5′15″W / 48.90833°N 3.08750°W / 48.90833; -3.08750
1840
Ploumanac'h lighthouse Atlantic Ocean Côtes-d'Armor Perros-Guirec
48°50′15″N 3°29′0″W / 48.83750°N 3.48333°W / 48.83750; -3.48333
1946 An older lighthouse dating from 1860 was destroyed in 1944 and replaced by the current structure.
Roches-Douvres Light Atlantic Ocean Côtes-d'Armor Roches-Douvre reef between Île-de-Bréhat and Guernsey
49°6′18″N 2°48′50″W / 49.10500°N 2.81389°W / 49.10500; -2.81389
1954 At a height of 213 feet (65 m) it is the eleventh-tallest "traditional lighthouse" in the world.[2]
Sept-Îles lighthouse Ile aux moines4182.JPG Atlantic Ocean Côtes-d'Armor Perros-Guirec
48°52′43″N 3°29′24″W / 48.87861°N 3.49000°W / 48.87861; -3.49000
1854 The first lighthouse, a round tower, was illuminated in May 1835, and then replaced in 1854 by a square tower 16 ft (5 m) taller. Destroyed 4 August 1944, it was rebuilt in 1949 and relit July 1952.
Triagoz lighthouse Triagoz1.jpeg Atlantic Ocean Côtes-d'Armor Triagoz archipelago
48°52′17″N 3°38′47″W / 48.87139°N 3.64639°W / 48.87139; -3.64639
1864
Ar Men Phare Ar-Men 3.JPG Atlantic Ocean Finistère West off Île de Sein
48°3′0″N 4°59′54″W / 48.05000°N 4.99833°W / 48.05000; -4.99833
1881
Phare d'Eckmühl Phares Penmarc'h.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère Penmarc'h
47°47′19.55″N 4°22′22.23″W / 47.7887639°N 4.3728417°W / 47.7887639; -4.3728417
1897 The current tower replaced an older lighthouse constructed in 1835.
La Vieille La vieille with mast.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère Raz de Sein
48°02′26″N 4°45′23″W / 48.04056°N 4.75639°W / 48.04056; -4.75639
1887
Phare du Creach Le Phare du Créac'h.JPG Atlantic Ocean Finistère Ushant island
48°27′34.23″N 5°7′45.4″W / 48.4595083°N 5.129278°W / 48.4595083; -5.129278
1863
St. Mathieu lighthouse Abbacy and lighthouse of Saint-Mathieu.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère Pointe Saint-Mathieu
48°19′48″N 4°46′15″W / 48.33000°N 4.77083°W / 48.33000; -4.77083
1835 The lighthouse was classified as a monument historique on 23 May 2011.[3][4]
Île Vierge Lighthouse Breizh-122.JPG Atlantic Ocean Finistère Île Vierge 1902 The current tower replaced an older lighthouse from 1845. The island is open to the public from April to September, as is the lighthouse, by appointment.[5]
Phare de la Jument Breizh-176.JPG Atlantic Ocean Finistère Off Ushant island
48°25′0″N 5°7′59″W / 48.41667°N 5.13306°W / 48.41667; -5.13306
1911 Jean Guichard's 1989 dramatic storm photo shots of the Jument lighthouse became an instant hit and earned him the 2nd place in the 1991 World Press Photo award.[6]
Phare du Petit Minou Phare petit minou 600x800.JPG Atlantic Ocean Finistère Roadstead of Brest
48°20′12″N 4°36′51″W / 48.33667°N 4.61417°W / 48.33667; -4.61417
1848 Together with the phare du Portzic, Petit Minou lighthouse forms a range of lights into the roadstead.[7]
Phare du Portzic Lighthouse of Porzic.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère Roadstead of Brest
48°21′30″N 4°32′03″W / 48.35833°N 4.53417°W / 48.35833; -4.53417
1848 Together with the phare du Petit Minou, Portzic lighthouse forms a range of lights into the roadstead.[7]
Tourelle de la Plate Raz-de-sein.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère Raz de Sein
48°2′21″N 4°45′35″W / 48.03917°N 4.75972°W / 48.03917; -4.75972
1910[7]
Phare de Tévennec Tevennec.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère Raz de Sein 1875[7]
Phare de Nividic Nividic.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère Ouessant
48°26′44″N 5°09′03″W / 48.44556°N 5.15083°W / 48.44556; -5.15083
1936 At a longitude of 5°09.1' W, this is France's westernmost lighthouse.[8]
Phare de l'île aux Moutons Phare de l'île aux Moutons (Glénan, Fouesnant, France).jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère On an islet 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) southeast of Bénodet 1879[7]
Phare de l'île Tristan Atlantic Ocean Finistère Tristan Island off Douarnenez 1865[7]
Phare du Millier PhareduMillier2.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère On a headland in the southern part of the Baie de Douarnenez[7] 1881
Phare des Pierres Noires Phare des Pierres Noires par beau temps.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère On an islet 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) west off Pointe Saint-Mathieu[8] 1872
Phare de Penfret Phare de Penfret02.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère Penfret, Glénan islands[7] 1837
Phare de Roscoff Phare de Roscoff.JPG Atlantic Ocean Finistère Roscoff 1917[8]
Phare de l'île de Batz Phare de l'île de Batz2.JPG Atlantic Ocean Finistère Île de Batz 1836 The lighthouse replaced an earlier building from 1705.[8]
Phare de Pontusval Phare de Pontusval 4517.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) northwest of Brignogan-Plages[8] 1869
Le Four Light LeFour.jpg Atlantic Ocean Finistère At the northern entrance to the Chenal du Four[8] 1874
Phare de l'Espiguette Le Grau du Roi-Pointe de l'Espiguette-Phare-20150424.jpg Gulf of Lion Gard Pointe de l'Espiguette
43°29′16″N 4°8′31″E / 43.48778°N 4.14194°E / 43.48778; 4.14194
1869
Cordouan lighthouse Cordouan 2010 marée basse.JPG Bay of Biscay Gironde Gironde estuary
45°35′10.84″N 1°10′24.48″W / 45.5863444°N 1.1734667°W / 45.5863444; -1.1734667
1611 The original tower was raised to 68 metres (223 ft) in the late 18th century.
Phare de Gatteville Phare-de-Gatteville.jpg English Channel Manche Barfleur
49°41′47.12″N 1°15′57.29″W / 49.6964222°N 1.2659139°W / 49.6964222; -1.2659139
1774 At a height of 75 metres (246 ft) it is the third tallest "traditional lighthouse" in the world.[2]
Goulphar lighthouse Phare Goulphar (3).jpg Bay of Biscay Morbihan Belle-Île-en-Mer
47°18′40″N 3°13′39″W / 47.31111°N 3.22750°W / 47.31111; -3.22750
1836[9]
Dunkerque (Risban) Ph111.jpg English Channel Nord Near Dunkirk
51°02′56″N 02°21′51″E / 51.04889°N 2.36417°E / 51.04889; 2.36417
1843
Phare de Sainte Marie Phare st marie.JPG Gulf of Lion Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Marseille harbour 1855 The lighthouse is now inactive.
Île d'Yeu lighthouse Bay of Biscay Vendée Île d'Yeu
46°43′03″N 2°22′56″W / 46.71750°N 2.38222°W / 46.71750; -2.38222
1950 The structure, designed by Maurice Durand, is the third serving the site; the original tower, constructed in 1830, was destroyed by German troops near the close of World War II.[10]
L'Armendèche lighthouse Bay of Biscay Vendée Les Sables-d'Olonne
46°29′23″N 01°48′17″W / 46.48972°N 1.80472°W / 46.48972; -1.80472
1968 The lighthouse was designed by Maurice Durand.
Pointe des Corbeaux lighthouse Bay of Biscay Vendée Île d'Yeu
46°41′24″N 2°17′06″W / 46.69000°N 2.28500°W / 46.69000; -2.28500
1950 The lighthouse was designed by Maurice Durand.
Pointe du Grouin du Cou lighthouse Bay of Biscay Vendée Pointe du Grouin du Cou
46°20′40″N 1°27′49″W / 46.34444°N 1.46361°W / 46.34444; -1.46361
1953 The lighthouse was designed by Maurice Durand.

French Overseas Departments and Territories[edit]

Name Image Water body Departement Location Built Notes
Amédée lighthouse Nouméa Phare Amédée.JPG Coral Sea New Caledonia Amédée island
22°28′44″S 166°27′55″E / 22.47889°S 166.46528°E / -22.47889; 166.46528
1865
Île Royale Lighthouse Phareileroyale.JPG Atlantic Ocean French Guiana Île Royale 1934[11]
L'Enfant Perdu Lighthouse Atlantic Ocean French Guiana On an islet 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) north of Cayenne 1919 In 1968, the lighthouse was replaced by a buoy but due to persistent protests from mariners it was reactivated in 1989. It is now equipped with an automated solar-powered light.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ (10 March 2015). "Lighthouses of Corsica". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Rowlett, Russ. "The Tallest Lighthouses". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 3 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Notice No PA29000050" (in French). French Ministry of Culture. 
  4. ^ "Classement au titre des monuments historiques de plusieurs phares ou anciens phares du littoral" [Classification of many lighthouses and old coast lighthouses as historic monuments] (in French). 22 November 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Phare de l’île Vierge". Sécurité maritime - Les Phares et Balises (in French). Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Sea. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 19 December 2009. 
  6. ^ "1991 Photo Contest". World Press Photo. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Rowlett, Russ (30 March 2014). "Lighthouses of Brittany: Southern Finistère". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Rowlett, Russ (6 April 2014). "Lighthouses of France: Northern Finistère". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  9. ^ Rowlett, Russ (21 March 2014). "Lighthouses of France: Morbihan". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  10. ^ Rowlett, Russ (6 March 2014). "Lighthouses of France: La Vendée". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  11. ^ a b Rowlett, Russ (11 February 2015). "Lighthouses of French Guiana". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 

External links[edit]