List of lighthouses in Scotland

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Hoy High Lighthouse, Graemsay, Orkney Islands

This is a list of lighthouses in Scotland and the Isle of Man. The Northern Lighthouse Board, from which much of the information is derived,[1] are responsible for most lighthouses in Scotland but have handed over responsibility in the major estuaries to the port authorities. Many of the more minor lights are not shown. A lighthouse that is no longer operating is indicated by the date of closure in the operated by column. Where two dates are shown, the lighthouse has been rebuilt.

Nearly all the lighthouses in this list were designed by and most were built by four generations of one family, including Thomas Smith, who was both the stepfather and father-in-law of Robert Stevenson. Robert's sons and grandsons not only built most of the lights, often under the most appalling of conditions, but pioneered many of the improvements in lighting and signalling that cut down the enormous loss of life in shipping around the coasts of Scotland.[2]

The table may be sorted by any column by clicking on the heading.

Lighthouse Area Island/ mainland Opened Built by Operated by/closed Height tower Elev- ation Position
Ailsa Craig Lighthouse Ayrshire mainland 1886 Thomas & David A Stevenson NLB 11m 18m 55°15.126′N 5°06.523′W / 55.252100°N 5.108717°W / 55.252100; -5.108717
Ardnamurchan Lighthouse Highland mainland 1849 Alan Stevenson NLB 35m 55m 56°43.630′N 6°13.567′W / 56.727167°N 6.226117°W / 56.727167; -6.226117
Auskerry Orkney Islands Auskerry 1867 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 34m 34m 59°01.557′N 2°34.367′W / 59.025950°N 2.572783°W / 59.025950; -2.572783
Barns Ness Lighthouse Lothian, Fife and Borders mainland 1901 David A Stevenson 2005 37m 36m 55°59.2′N 2°26.6′W / 55.9867°N 2.4433°W / 55.9867; -2.4433
Barra Head Lighthouse Western Isles Barra Head 1833 Robert Stevenson NLB 18m 208m 56°47.128′N 7°39.220′W / 56.785467°N 7.653667°W / 56.785467; -7.653667
Bass Rock Lighthouse Lothian, Fife and Borders Bass Rock 1902 David Stevenson NLB 20m 46m 56°04.603′N 2°38.463′W / 56.076717°N 2.641050°W / 56.076717; -2.641050
Bell Rock Lighthouse Grampian rock 1811 Robert Stevenson NLB 35m 28m 56°26.065′N 2°23.230′W / 56.434417°N 2.387167°W / 56.434417; -2.387167
Bressay Lighthouse Shetland Islands Bressay 1858 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 16m 32m 60°07.197′N 1°07.293′W / 60.119950°N 1.121550°W / 60.119950; -1.121550
Brough of Birsay Orkney Islands Brough of Birsay 1925 David A Stevenson NLB 11m 52m 59°08.214′N 3°20.363′W / 59.136900°N 3.339383°W / 59.136900; -3.339383
Buchan Ness Lighthouse Grampian mainland 1827 Robert Stevenson NLB 36m 40m 57°28.227′N 1°46.474′W / 57.470450°N 1.774567°W / 57.470450; -1.774567
Butt of Lewis Lighthouse Western Isles Butt of Lewis 1860 David Stevenson NLB 37m 52m 58°30.940′N 6°15.717′W / 58.515667°N 6.261950°W / 58.515667; -6.261950
Calf of Man (low) Lighthouse Isle of Man Calf of Man 1815 Robert Stevenson 1875 15m 54°03.157′N 4°49.734′W / 54.052617°N 4.828900°W / 54.052617; -4.828900
Calf of Man (high) Lighthouse Isle of Man Calf of Man 1815 + 1968 Robert Stevenson 2007 18m 93m 54°03.180′N 4°49.715′W / 54.053000°N 4.828583°W / 54.053000; -4.828583
Cantick Head Orkney Islands South Walls 1858 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 22m 35m 58°47.229′N 3°07.890′W / 58.787150°N 3.131500°W / 58.787150; -3.131500
Cape Wrath Lighthouse Highland mainland 1828 Robert Stevenson NLB 20m 122m 58°37.538′N 4°59.952′W / 58.625633°N 4.999200°W / 58.625633; -4.999200
Chanonry Lighthouse Highland mainland 1846 Alan Stevenson NLB 12m 12m 57°34.441′N 4°05.567′W / 57.574017°N 4.092783°W / 57.574017; -4.092783
Chicken Rock Lighthouse Isle of Man Isle of Man 1875 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 44m 38m 54°02.271′N 4°50.315′W / 54.037850°N 4.838583°W / 54.037850; -4.838583
Cloch Point Lighthouse Argyll and Bute mainland 1797 Thomas Smith & Robert Stevenson CPA 23m 23m 55°56′32.10″N 4°52′43.11″W / 55.9422500°N 4.8786417°W / 55.9422500; -4.8786417
Copinsay Lighthouse Orkney Islands Copinsay 1915 David A Stevenson NLB 16m 79m 58°53.784′N 2°40.349′W / 58.896400°N 2.672483°W / 58.896400; -2.672483
Corsewall Lighthouse Dumfries and Galloway mainland 1817 Robert Stevenson NLB 34m 34m 55°.429′N 5°09.564′W / 55.007150°N 5.159400°W / 55.007150; -5.159400
Covesea Skerries Lighthouse Grampian mainland 1846 Alan Stevenson 2012 36m 49m 57°43.447′N 3°20.329′W / 57.724117°N 3.338817°W / 57.724117; -3.338817
Crammag Head Lighthouse Dumfries and Galloway mainland 1913 David A Stevenson NLB 7m 35m 54°39.910′N 4°57.903′W / 54.665167°N 4.965050°W / 54.665167; -4.965050
Cromarty Lighthouse Highland mainland 1846 Alan Stevenson 2006 13m 18m 57°41.0′N 4°02.1′W / 57.6833°N 4.0350°W / 57.6833; -4.0350
Davaar Argyll and Bute Davaar Island 1854 David & Thomas Stevenson & John Barr & Co NLB 20m 37m 55°25.688′N 5°32.428′W / 55.428133°N 5.540467°W / 55.428133; -5.540467
Douglas Head Isle of Man Isle of Man 1857 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 20m 32m 54°08.599′N 4°27.947′W / 54.143317°N 4.465783°W / 54.143317; -4.465783
Dubh Artach Lighthouse Argyll and Bute rock 1872 Thomas Stevenson NLB 38m 44m 56°07.946′N 6°38.079′W / 56.132433°N 6.634650°W / 56.132433; -6.634650
Duncansby Head Lighthouse Highland mainland 1924 David A Stevenson NLB 67m 58°38.641′N 3°01.521′W / 58.644017°N 3.025350°W / 58.644017; -3.025350
Dunnet Head Lighthouse Highland mainland 1831 Robert Stevenson NLB 20m 105m 58°40.287′N 3°22.594′W / 58.671450°N 3.376567°W / 58.671450; -3.376567
Eilean Glas Lighthouse Western Isles Scalpay 1789 Thomas Smith NLB 30m 43m 57°51.413′N 6°38.515′W / 57.856883°N 6.641917°W / 57.856883; -6.641917
Elie Ness Lighthouse Lothian, Fife and Borders mainland 1908 James Laurie Forth Ports 11m 12m 56°11.044′N 2°48.763′W / 56.184067°N 2.812717°W / 56.184067; -2.812717
Esha Ness Lighthouse Shetland Islands Shetland mainland 1929 David A Stevenson NLB 12m 61m 60°29.350′N 1°37.680′W / 60.489167°N 1.628000°W / 60.489167; -1.628000
Fair Isle North Shetland Islands Fair Isle 1892 David A & Charles Stevenson NLB 14m 80m 59°33.122′N 1°36.531′W / 59.552033°N 1.608850°W / 59.552033; -1.608850
Fair Isle South Shetland Islands Fair Isle 1892 David A & Charles Stevenson NLB 26m 32m 59°30.858′N 1°39.206′W / 59.514300°N 1.653433°W / 59.514300; -1.653433
Fidra Lighthouse Lothian, Fife and Borders Fidra 1885 Thomas & David A Stevenson NLB 17m 34m 56°04.399′N 2°47.125′W / 56.073317°N 2.785417°W / 56.073317; -2.785417
Fife Ness Lothian, Fife and Borders mainland 1975 P H Hyslop NLB 5m 12m 56°16.747′N 2°35.196′W / 56.279117°N 2.586600°W / 56.279117; -2.586600
Firths Voe Lighthouse Shetland Islands Shetland mainland 1909 David A Stevenson NLB 9m 60°27.215′N 1°10.671′W / 60.453583°N 1.177850°W / 60.453583; -1.177850
Flannan Isles Lighthouse Western Isles Flannan Isles 1899 David A Stevenson NLB 23m 101m 58°17.294′N 7°35.394′W / 58.288233°N 7.589900°W / 58.288233; -7.589900
Foula Shetland Islands Foula 1986 James Johnson NLB 36m 60°06.757′N 2°03.875′W / 60.112617°N 2.064583°W / 60.112617; -2.064583
Girdle Ness Aberdeenshire mainland 1833 Robert Stevenson NLB 37m 57m 57°08.339′N 2°02.916′W / 57.138983°N 2.048600°W / 57.138983; -2.048600
Holburn Lighthouse Highland mainland 1862 David & Thomas Stevenson 2003 17m 23m 58°36.9′N 03°32.4′W / 58.6150°N 3.5400°W / 58.6150; -3.5400
Holy Island (Inner) Lighthouse Ayrshire Holy Island 1877 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 17m 14m 55°31′30″N 5°04′20″W / 55.52500°N 5.07222°W / 55.52500; -5.07222
Holy Island (Outer) Lighthouse Ayrshire Holy Island 1905 David A & Charles Stevenson NLB 55°31′30″N 5°04′20″W / 55.52500°N 5.07222°W / 55.52500; -5.07222
Hoxa Head Lighthouse Orkney Islands South Ronaldsay 1901 + 1996 David A Stevenson NLB 7m 58°49.315′N 3°02.085′W / 58.821917°N 3.034750°W / 58.821917; -3.034750
Hoy Sound (High) Lighthouse Orkney Islands Graemsay 1851 Alan Stevenson NLB 33m 35m 58°56.137′N 3°16.399′W / 58.935617°N 3.273317°W / 58.935617; -3.273317
Hoy Sound (Low) Lighthouse Orkney Islands Graemsay 1851 Alan Stevenson NLB 17m 58°56.421′N 3°18.605′W / 58.940350°N 3.310083°W / 58.940350; -3.310083
Hyskeir Lighthouse Highland Hyskeir 1904 David A & Charles Stevenson NLB 39m 41m 56°58.139′N 6°40.851′W / 56.968983°N 6.680850°W / 56.968983; -6.680850
Inchkeith Lighthouse Lothian, Fife and Borders Inchkeith 1804 Thomas Smith & Robert Stevenson Forth Ports 19m 67m 56°02.013′N 3°08.173′W / 56.033550°N 3.136217°W / 56.033550; -3.136217
Isle of May Lighthouse Lothian, Fife and Borders Isle of May 1635 + 1816 James Maxwell+Robert Stevenson NLB 24m 73m 56°11.139′N 2°33.457′W / 56.185650°N 2.557617°W / 56.185650; -2.557617
Killantringan Lighthouse Dumfries and Galloway mainland 1900 David A Stevenson 2007 22m 49m 54°51.7′N 5°08.7′W / 54.8617°N 5.1450°W / 54.8617; -5.1450
Kinnaird Head Lighthouse Grampian mainland 1787 Thomas Smith NLB 10m 25m 57°41.105′N 2°.265′W / 57.685083°N 2.004417°W / 57.685083; -2.004417
Lady Isle Lighthouse Ayrshire Lady Isle 1903 David A Stevenson NLB 15m 19m 55°31.632′N 4°44.047′W / 55.527200°N 4.734117°W / 55.527200; -4.734117
Lismore Lighthouse Highland Eilean Musdile 1833 Robert Stevenson NLB 26m 31m 56°27.333′N 5°36.449′W / 56.455550°N 5.607483°W / 56.455550; -5.607483
Little Cumbrae Lighthouse Ayrshire Little Cumbrae 1757 + 1793 + 1997 James Ewing + Thomas Smith CPA 28m 55°43′17″N 4°57′18″W / 55.72131°N 4.95503°W / 55.72131; -4.95503
Little Ross Dumfries and Galloway Little Ross 1843 Alan Stevenson NLB 20m 54°45.944′N 4°05.096′W / 54.765733°N 4.084933°W / 54.765733; -4.084933
Lother Rock Orkney Islands rock 1910 David A Stevenson NLB 12m 13m 58°43.796′N 2°58.692′W / 58.729933°N 2.978200°W / 58.729933; -2.978200
Maughold Head Lighthouse Isle of Man Isle of Man 1914 Charles Stevenson NLB 23m 65m 54°17.734′N 4°18.585′W / 54.295567°N 4.309750°W / 54.295567; -4.309750
Monach Lighthouse Western Isles Shillay 1864 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 41m 47m 57°31.549′N 7°41.763′W / 57.525817°N 7.696050°W / 57.525817; -7.696050
Muckle Flugga Lighthouse Shetland Islands Muckle Flugga 1854 Thomas & David Stevenson NLB 20m 66m 60°51.326′N 0°53.146′W / 60.855433°N 0.885767°W / 60.855433; -0.885767
Mull of Galloway Lighthouse Dumfries and Galloway mainland 1830 Robert Stevenson NLB 26m 99m 54°38.105′N 4°51.436′W / 54.635083°N 4.857267°W / 54.635083; -4.857267
Mull of Kintyre Lighthouse Argyll and Bute mainland 1788 Thomas Smith NLB 12m 91m 55°18.626′N 5°48.208′W / 55.310433°N 5.803467°W / 55.310433; -5.803467
Neist Point Lighthouse Highland Skye 1909 David A Stevenson NLB 19m 43m 57°25.401′N 6°47.337′W / 57.423350°N 6.788950°W / 57.423350; -6.788950
North Rona Lighthouse Western Isles North Rona 1984 NLB 122m 59°07.276′N 5°48.902′W / 59.121267°N 5.815033°W / 59.121267; -5.815033
North Ronaldsay Lighthouse Orkney Islands North Ronaldsay 1789 + 1852 Thomas Smith + Alan Stevenson NLB 42m 43m 59°23.359′N 2°22.890′W / 59.389317°N 2.381500°W / 59.389317; -2.381500
Noss Head Lighthouse Highland mainland 1849 Alan Stevenson NLB 18m 53m 58°28.788′N 3°03.088′W / 58.479800°N 3.051467°W / 58.479800; -3.051467
Noup Head Lighthouse Orkney Islands Westray 1898 David A & Charles Stevenson NLB 24m 79m 59°19.865′N 3°04.235′W / 59.331083°N 3.070583°W / 59.331083; -3.070583
Ornsay Lighthouse Highland Eilean Sionnach 1857 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 19m 18m 57°08.602′N 5°46.869′W / 57.143367°N 5.781150°W / 57.143367; -5.781150
Oxcars Lighthouse Lothian, Fife and Borders rock 1886 Thomas & David A Stevenson Forth Ports 22m 56°1′21″N 3°16′49″W / 56.02250°N 3.28028°W / 56.02250; -3.28028
Out Skerries Lighthouse Shetland Islands Bound Skerry 1854 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 30m 44m 60°25.469′N 0°43.683′W / 60.424483°N 0.728050°W / 60.424483; -0.728050
Pentland Skerries Lighthouse Orkney Islands Muckle Skerry 1794 Thomas Smith & Robert Stevenson NLB 36m 52m 58°41.408′N 2°55.484′W / 58.690133°N 2.924733°W / 58.690133; -2.924733
Point of Ayre Lighthouse Isle of Man Isle of Man 1818 Robert Stevenson NLB 30m 32m 54°24.959′N 4°22.111′W / 54.415983°N 4.368517°W / 54.415983; -4.368517
Point of Fethaland Lighthouse Shetland Islands Shetland mainland 1977 NLB 7m 67m 60°38.054′N 1°18.697′W / 60.634233°N 1.311617°W / 60.634233; -1.311617
Rattray Head Lighthouse Aberdeenshire rock with causeway 1895 David A Stevenson NLB 34m 28m 57°36.615′N 1°49.006′W / 57.610250°N 1.816767°W / 57.610250; -1.816767
Rinns of Islay Lighthouse Argyll and Bute Orsay 1825 Robert Stevenson NLB 29m 46m 55°40.390′N 6°30.812′W / 55.673167°N 6.513533°W / 55.673167; -6.513533
Rona Lighthouse Highland South Rona 1857 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 13m 69m 57°34.684′N 5°57.547′W / 57.578067°N 5.959117°W / 57.578067; -5.959117
Rua Reidh Lighthouse Highland mainland 1912 David A Stevenson NLB 25m 37m 57°51.527′N 5°48.713′W / 57.858783°N 5.811883°W / 57.858783; -5.811883
Rubha nan Gall Lighthouse Argyll and Bute Mull 1857 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 19m 56°38.232′N 6°03.969′W / 56.637200°N 6.066150°W / 56.637200; -6.066150
Ruvaal Argyll and Bute Islay 1859 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 34m 45m 55°56.181′N 6°07.409′W / 55.936350°N 6.123483°W / 55.936350; -6.123483
Sanda Island Lighthouse Argyll and Bute Sanda Island 1850 Alan Stevenson NLB 15m 50m 55°16.508′N 5°34.980′W / 55.275133°N 5.583000°W / 55.275133; -5.583000
Scarinish Argyll and Bute Tiree 1897 David A Stevenson NLB 11m 56°30.015′N 6°48.266′W / 56.500250°N 6.804433°W / 56.500250; -6.804433
Scurdie Ness Lighthouse Angus mainland 1870 David Stevenson NLB 39m 34m 56°42.106′N 2°26.236′W / 56.701767°N 2.437267°W / 56.701767; -2.437267
Skerryvore Lighthouse Argyll and Bute rock 1844 Alan Stevenson NLB 48m 46m 56°19.381′N 7°06.865′W / 56.323017°N 7.114417°W / 56.323017; -7.114417
Southerness lighthouse Dumfries and Galloway 1800[3] + 1844 1931 17m 54°52.369′N 3°35.701′W / 54.872817°N 3.595017°W / 54.872817; -3.595017
St Abbs Head Lighthouse Lothian, Fife and Borders mainland 1857 David & Alan Stevenson NLB 9m 68m 55°54.979′N 2°08.286′W / 55.916317°N 2.138100°W / 55.916317; -2.138100
Start Point Orkney Islands Sanday 1806 Robert Stevenson NLB 25m 18m 59°16.638′N 2°22.577′W / 59.277300°N 2.376283°W / 59.277300; -2.376283
Stoer Head Lighthouse Highland mainland 1870 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 14m 59m 58°14.409′N 5°24.165′W / 58.240150°N 5.402750°W / 58.240150; -5.402750
Strathy Point Lighthouse Highland mainland 1958 P H Hyslop 2012 14m 45m 58°36.079′N 4°01.123′W / 58.601317°N 4.018717°W / 58.601317; -4.018717
Stroma Lighthouse Highland Stroma 1896 David A & Charles Stevenson NLB 23m 32m 58°41.754′N 3°07.014′W / 58.695900°N 3.116900°W / 58.695900; -3.116900
Sule Skerry Orkney Islands Sule Skerry 1895 David A & Charles Stevenson NLB 27m 34m 59°05.099′N 4°24.356′W / 59.084983°N 4.405933°W / 59.084983; -4.405933
Sumburgh Head Lighthouse Shetland Islands Shetland mainland 1821 Robert Stevenson NLB 17m 91m 59°51.231′N 1°16.515′W / 59.853850°N 1.275250°W / 59.853850; -1.275250
Tarbat Ness Lighthouse Highland mainland 1830 Robert Stevenson NLB 41m 53m 57°51.908′N 3°46.600′W / 57.865133°N 3.776667°W / 57.865133; -3.776667
Tiumpan Head Lighthouse Western Isles Lewis 1900 David A & Charles Stevenson NLB 21m 55m 58°15.677′N 6°08.271′W / 58.261283°N 6.137850°W / 58.261283; -6.137850
Tor Ness Orkney Islands Hoy 1980 John Smith NLB 8m 20m 58°46.704′N 3°17.792′W / 58.778400°N 3.296533°W / 58.778400; -3.296533
Toward Lighthouse Argyll and Bute mainland 1812 Robert Stevenson CPA 19m 21m 55°51.729′N 4°58.787′W / 55.862150°N 4.979783°W / 55.862150; -4.979783
Turnberry Lighthouse Ayrshire mainland 1873 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 24m 29m 55°19.572′N 4°50.655′W / 55.326200°N 4.844250°W / 55.326200; -4.844250
Ushenish Lighthouse Western Isles Skye 1857 David & Thomas Stevenson NLB 12m 54m 57°17.895′N 7°11.580′W / 57.298250°N 7.193000°W / 57.298250; -7.193000
Vaternish Lighthouse Highland Skye 1924 + 1980 David A & Charles Stevenson + John Smith NLB 7m 20m 57°36.484′N 6°38.049′W / 57.608067°N 6.634150°W / 57.608067; -6.634150
Weavers Point Western Isles North Uist 1980 John Smith NLB 20m 57°36.493′N 7°06.001′W / 57.608217°N 7.100017°W / 57.608217; -7.100017

Some images from Wikimedia Commons[4][edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lighthouse Library". Northern Lighthouse Board. Retrieved Jun 23, 2015. 
  2. ^ Bathurst, Bella (1999). The Lighthouse Stevensons. Harper Collins. p. xvii. 
  3. ^ Built in 1748 but not lit till 1800
  4. ^ Lighthouses in Scotland by name