Lightnin' Slim on the cover of his Ace Records Winter Time Blues album
|Birth name||Otis Verries Hicks|
March 13, 1913|
St. Louis, Missouri, or
Good Pine, Louisiana, United States
|Died||July 27, 1974
Detroit, Michigan, United States
|Genres||Louisiana blues, swamp blues|
|Occupation(s)||Guitarist, singer, songwriter|
|Labels||Excello, Stateside, Flyright|
Otis Verries Hicks, known as Lightnin' Slim (March 13, 1913 – July 27, 1974) was an African-American Louisiana blues musician, who recorded for Excello Records and played in a style similar to its other Louisiana artists. Blues critic ED Denson has ranked him as one of the five great bluesmen of the 1950s, along with Muddy Waters, Little Walter, Howlin' Wolf and Sonny Boy Williamson.
According to most sources, Otis Hicks was born on a farm outside St. Louis, Missouri, though researchers Bob Eagle and Eric LeBlanc state, on the basis of his draft card, that he was born at Good Pine, Louisiana. He moved to Baton Rouge at the age of thirteen. Taught guitar by his older brother Layfield, Slim was playing in bars in Baton Rouge by the late 1940s.
He debuted on J. D. "Jay" Miller's Feature Records label in 1954 with "Bad Luck Blues" ("If it wasn't for bad luck, I wouldn't have no luck at all"). Slim then recorded for Excello Records for twelve years, starting in the mid-1950s, often collaborating with his brother-in-law, Slim Harpo and with harmonica player Lazy Lester.
Slim took time off from the blues for a period of time and ended up working in a foundry in Pontiac, Michigan, which resulted in him suffering from constantly having his hands exposed to high temperatures. He was re-discovered by Fred Reif in 1970, in Pontiac, where he was living in a rented room at Slim Harpo's sister's house. Reif soon got him back performing again and a new recording contract with Excello, this time through Bud Howell, the present President of the company. His first gig was a reunion concert in 1971 at the University of Chicago Folk Festival with Lazy Lester, whom Reif had brought from Baton Rouge in January 1971.
In the 1970s, Slim performed on tours in Europe, both in the United Kingdom and at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland where he was often accompanied by Moses "Whispering" Smith on harmonica. He last toured the UK in 1973, with the American Blues Legends package.
- Rooster Blues (Excello LPS-8000, 1960) (CD release: Hip-O/MCA #40134, 1998 - with 3 bonus tracks)
- Authentic R & B (three tracks; various artists - UK Stateside SL-10068, 1963)
- The Real R & B (two tracks; various artists - UK Stateside SL-10112, 1964)
- A Long Drink Of Blues (six tracks...all of side 1; compilation album shared with Slim Harpo - UK Stateside SL-10135, 1964)
- Lightnin' Slim's Bell Ringer (Excello LPS-8004, 1965) (CD release: Ace Records #CDCHD-517, 1994)
- The Real Blues (one track; various artists - Excello LPS-8011, 1969)
- High & Low Down (Excello LPS-8018, 1971 and Sonet SNTF-770, 1978) (CD release: Ace Records #CDCHD-578, 1994)
- That's All Right (Quicksilver QS-5062, 1983) -note: reissue of Excello LPS-8018
- London Gumbo (Excello LPS-8023, 1972 and Sonet SNTF-757, 1978)
- The Excello Story (three tracks; various artists - Excello LPS-8025, 1972) 2LP
- Montreux Blues Festival (10 tracks; various artists - Excello LPS-8026, 1972) 2LP
- The Early Years (Flyright FLYLP-524, 1976)
- Trip To Chicago (Flyright FLYLP-533, 1978)
- The Feature Sides 1954 (Flyright FLYLP-583, 1981)
- We Gotta Rock Tonight (Flyright FLYLP-612, 1986)
- Rollin' Stone (Flyright #FLYCD-08, 1989)
- King Of The Swamp Blues 1954-1961 (Flyright #FLYCD-47, 1992)
- Blue Lightning (Indigo Records #IGOCD-2002, 1992)
- I'm Evil: Rare & Unissued Excello Masters, Volume One (Excello/AVI #3002, 1994)
- It's Mighty Crazy! (Ace Records #CDCHD-587, 1995)
- Nothin' But The Devil (Ace Records #CDCHD-616, 1996)
- Winter Time Blues (The Later Excello Sessions 1962-1965) (Ace Records #CDCHD-674, 1998)
- The Best Of Lightnin' Slim (Hip-O/MCA #12010, 1999)
- I'm A Rolling Stone: The Singles As & Bs 1954-1962 Centenary Edition (Jasmine #JASMCD-3045, 2015) 2-CD set
"Farming Blues" 1954, "New Orleans Bound" 1954, "Bad Luck and Trouble" 1956. "It's Mighty Crazy" 1957.
- Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues - A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara: Praeger Publishers. p. 305. ISBN 978-0313344237.
- Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (1st ed.). Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 181. ISBN 1-904041-96-5.
- Cub Coda (2013). "Lightnin' Slim". www.allmusic.com. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "Lightnin' Slim / Otis Hicks". Thebluestrail.com. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. pp. 135–6. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 266. CN 5585.
- John Broven (1983). South to Louisiana: The Music of the Cajun Bayous. Pelican Publishing Company. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- Otis "Lightnin' Slim" Hicks at Find a Grave