Ligustrum obtusifolium

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Ligustrum obtusifolium
Ligustrum obtusifolium Osaka.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Ligustrum
Species:
L. obtusifolium
Binomial name
Ligustrum obtusifolium
Synonyms

Ligustrum amurense Carrière

Ligustrum obtusifolium (border privet[1] or Amur privet[2]) is a species of privet, native to Japan, Korea and northeastern China (Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shandong, Zhejiang).[3][4] The species is considered invasive in parts of the United States. It has become very common in southern New England, the mid-Atlantic States, and the Great Lakes regions, with scattered occurrences in the South, the Great Plains, and Washington State.[5][6]

Ligustrum obtusifoliumis a deciduous shrub growing to 3 metres (9.8 ft) tall. The leaves are 1 to 6 centimetres (0.39 to 2.36 in) long and 4 to 25 millimetres (0.16 to 0.98 in) broad.[3][7]

There are three subspecies:[3]

  • Ligustrum obtusifolium subsp. obtusifolium. Japan.
  • Ligustrum obtusifolium subsp. microphyllum (Nakai) P.S.Green. Eastern China, Korea, Japan.
  • Ligustrum obtusifolium subsp. suave (Kitagawa) Kitagawa. Northeastern China.

Etymology[edit]

Ligustrum means ‘binder’. It was named by Pliny and Virgil.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ligustrum obtusifolium". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Ligustrum amurense". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Flora of China: Ligustrum obtusifolium
  4. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Ligustrum obtusifolium
  5. ^ Swearingen, Jil; Reshetiloff, K.; Slattery, B; Zwicker, S. (2010). Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas, 4th Edition (PDF). National Park Service and U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. p. 71.
  6. ^ Biota of North America Program, Ligustrum obtusifolium
  7. ^ Siebold, Philipp Franz von & Zuccarini, Joseph Gerhard. 1846. Abhandlungen der Mathematisch-Physikalischen Classe der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 4(3): 168
  8. ^ Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). p 237