Likasi

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Likasi
Jadotville
Official seal of Likasi
Seal
Likasi is located in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Likasi
Likasi
Location in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Coordinates: 10°58′53″S 26°44′00″E / 10.98139°S 26.73333°E / -10.98139; 26.73333
Country Democratic Republic of the Congo
ProvinceHaut-Katanga Province
Area
 • Total235 km2 (91 sq mi)
Elevation1,318 m (4,324 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total447,449
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (Lubumbashi Time)
ClimateCwa
View of Jadotville (Likasi), circa 1930.

Likasi (formerly official names: Jadotville (French) and Jadotstad (Dutch)) is a city in Haut-Katanga Province, in the south-east of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Climate[edit]

Likasi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa).

Climate data for Likasi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
21.5
(70.7)
21.5
(70.7)
20.9
(69.6)
18.6
(65.5)
16.2
(61.2)
15.9
(60.6)
18.1
(64.6)
21.3
(70.3)
22.8
(73)
22.3
(72.1)
21.7
(71.1)
20.2
(68.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 212
(8.35)
205
(8.07)
214
(8.43)
62
(2.44)
6
(0.24)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8
(0.31)
65
(2.56)
177
(6.97)
226
(8.9)
1,175
(46.27)
Source: Climate-Data.org[1]

Demographics[edit]

Likasi has a population of around 447,500 (2012).[2] During the 1990s the United Nations set up feeding centres and refugee centres in and around Likasi to assist with the refugees fleeing ethnic violence in Shaba,[3] whose arrival had increased the population of the town some 41,000.[4]

History[edit]

In 1961, during the United Nations intervention in the Katanga conflict, a company of Irish UN troops deployed to Jadotville was forced to surrender to troops loyal to the Katangese Prime Minister Moise Tshombe (see Siege of Jadotville).

Economy[edit]

Interior of a factory in Jadotville, Belgian Congo circa 1942

Likasi remains a centre for industry, especially mining,[5] and is a transport hub for the surrounding region. There are mines and refineries supplied by nearby deposits of copper and cobalt.[6] There is also an abandoned gold mine in Likasi, which has been drained of its gold but is still dug by artisanal miners.

Transport[edit]

Likasi is served by a station on the national railway system. The trains are mostly cargo trains and not passenger trains.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Climate:Likasi". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
  2. ^ "DWW bought a building for RADEM maternity in Congo" Doctors Worldwide, 28 September 2005, from ReliefWeb, accessed 28 March 2009
  3. ^ ACC/SCN Secretariat with Shoham, Jeremy (8 December 1993) "Current Situation: 11. Shaba Region, Zaire" Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine. Refugee Nutrition Information System (RNIS), No. 2 - Report on the Nutrition Situation of Refugee and Displaced Populations United Nations Administrative Committee on Coordination, Sub-committee on Nutrition, Geneva
  4. ^ ACC/SCN Secretariat with Shoham, Jeremy (17 October 1994) "Current Situation: 11. Shaba/Kasai Regions, Zaire" Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine. Refugee Nutrition Information System (RNIS), No. 7 - Report on the Nutrition Situation of Refugee and Displaced Populations United Nations Administrative Committee on Coordination, Sub-committee on Nutrition, Geneva
  5. ^ Harding, Andrew (27 March 2009)"Slowdown blights DR Congo economy" BBC News, accessed 27 March 2009
  6. ^ Rorison, Sean (2008) "Likasi" Congo: Democratic Republic and Republic Bradt Travel Guides, Chalfont St. Peter, England, pp. 143-145 ISBN 1-84162-233-8

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°59′S 26°44′E / 10.983°S 26.733°E / -10.983; 26.733