|Princess of the Hawaiian Islands|
|Born||January 13, 1851|
Honolulu, Oʻahu, Hawaii
|Died||February 2, 1887 (aged 36)|
ʻĀinahau, Honolulu, Oʻahu, Hawaii
|Burial||February 27, 1887|
|Spouse||Archibald Scott Cleghorn|
|Issue||Princess Victoria Kaʻiulani|
|Religion||Church of Hawaii|
Miriam Likelike Kekāuluohi Keahelapalapa Kapili (January 13, 1851 – February 2, 1887) was a Princess of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi, sister of the last two ruling monarchs, mother of Princess Kaʻiulani, last heir to the throne, and mistress of the ʻĀinahau estate. She shared the same name with Likelike, an earlier Hawaiian chiefess.
Early life and family
Likelike was born on January 13, 1851, in Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu, to Analea Keohokālole and Caesar Kapaʻakea. Kapaʻakea and Keohokālole were political advisors to Kamehameha III and later to his successor Kamehameha IV. Her mother was the daughter of ʻAikanaka and Kamaʻeokalani while her father was the son of Kamanawa II (half-brother of ʻAikanaka) and Kamokuiki. Their family were of the aliʻi class of the Hawaiian nobility and were collateral relations of the reigning House of Kamehameha, sharing common descent from the 18th-century aliʻi nui (supreme monarch) Keaweʻīkekahialiʻiokamoku. From her parents, she also descended from Keaweaheulu and Kameʻeiamoku, two of the five royal counselors of Kamehameha I during his conquest of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Kameʻeiamoku, the grandfather of both her mother and father, was depicted, along with his royal twin Kamanawa, on the Hawaiian coat of arms.
The youngest daughter and penultimate child of a large family, her biological siblings included: James Kaliokalani, David Kalākaua, Liliʻuokalani, Anna Kaʻiulani, Kaʻiminaʻauao, and William Pitt Leleiohoku II. She and her siblings were hānai (informally adopted) to other family members. The Hawaiian custom of hānai is an informal form of adoption between extended families practiced by Hawaiian royals and commoners alike. Because Likelike was not in the best of health as a child, she was sent to live in the dry climate of Kona on the island of Hawaii where she was hānai to a chiefly couple there. Like many of her siblings, she was most likely given in hānai to a family in Kona. According to historian Sammy Amalu, Likelike was brought up in the household of Peleuli, daughter of High Chief Kalaʻimamahu, half-brother of Kamehameha I, and was raised alongside Miriam Auhea Kekāuluohi Crowningburg.
At the age of six, she returned to Honolulu and remained there until her marriage. Likelike was educated by Roman Catholic sisters, then by Maria Ogden and finally by Lydia Bingham at the Kawaiahaʻo Seminary. Her classmates at Kawaiʻahao included Annie Palekaluhi Kaikioʻewa and Lily Auld. Originally betrothed to Albert K. Kunuiakea, an illegitimate son of Kamehameha III, she broke off the engagement to marry someone else.
On September 22, 1870 Likelike married Archibald Scott Cleghorn, a businessman from Scotland almost twice her age. They were wed in an Anglican ceremony officiated by Reverend Charles George Williamson. The wedding was at her sister's house, Washington Place. Cleghorn was 35 and Likelike was 19. Like her sister Lydia's marriage to John Owen Dominis, her marriage with Cleghorn did not always run smoothly. Victorian gentlemen expected to be the lord of their castle, their servants, their children, and even their wives. But Hawaiian nobility, aliʻi, male or female, were raised to rule others. Her husband could be blustery and demanding. The princess simply returned to Big Island of Hawaii and refused to come back. She even served as Governor of the island from March 1879 to September 1880.
Likelike was third-in-line to the throne behind her brother William Pitt Leleiohoku II and her sister Liliʻuokalani until Leleiohoku's death which elevated her to second-in-line to the throne and her daughter as third-in-line. She was baptized and confirmed into the Anglican Church of Hawaii in 1882.
Likelike travelled abroad three times during her marriage. She visited Auckland, Sydney and Melbourne from August to December 1871 with her husband and met the different colonial governors and officials. In 1877, grieving over the death of her brother Leleiohoku, she traveled to San Francisco for her health and returned to Honolulu on the steamer Likelike on its first voyage between California and Hawaii. In 1884, she revised San Francisco around the same time as the visit of Queen Marau, the wife of King Pōmare V of Tahiti, who was on her way to Paris. Prior to her death, she planned on traveling with Kaʻiulani to Monterey for their health.
Likelike was vivacious and well-liked, and her home was opened to important people from all over the world. She had a reputation of being a kindly, gracious hostess in almost every country of Europe and almost every state of the union. She would always be up with the latest fashions, ordering dresses and clothing from Paris. Princess Likelike, Liliʻuokalani, Leleiohoku and Kalākaua were known as "Hawaii's First Family of Musicians." She could be quite imperious and quick-tempered. For example, she once smacked a groom with a whip for not keeping the carriage properly polished.
The cause of the princess' death is still unknown; she is said to have simply taken to her bed and refused all food. In mid January 1887, a large school of fish called 'āweoweo was seen off the coast of the island of Hawaii. The massing of the bright red fish close to shore was considered an omen of death for members an aliʻi family. On February 2, 1887, Princess Likelike died at age 36, before her daughter reached her teenage years. Some people have asserted that she did this to appease the anger of Pele, goddess of volcanoes. It was said in her last hours she predicted that Kaʻiulani would never marry and never become Queen. This prophecy later became true. There were rumors that she was prayed to death by a powerful ʻanāʻanā.
- Aloha No Au I Ko Maka
- Maikai Waipio' (Beautiful Waipio)
- Ahe Lau Makani (There is a Breath), 1868, Kapoli and Liliʻuokalani share credit
- Kuu Ipo Ika Hee Pueone
- Thou E Ka Nani Mae 'Ole (Thou Art the Never Fading Beauty) for which her sister Liliʻuokalani shares credit
Kalākaua family tree
Key- (k)= Kane (male/husband)
|Ancestors of Likelike|
- Forbes 2003, pp. 249–250.
- Forbes 2003, p. 235.
- Kam 2017, pp. 121–126.
- Liliuokalani 1898, pp. 1–2, 104–105, 399–409; Pratt 1920, pp. 34–36; Allen 1982, pp. 33–36; Haley 2014, p. 96; Gregg 1982, pp. 316–317, 528, 571, 581
- Liliuokalani 1898, p. 399.
- Kanahele 1999, pp. 1–4.
- Kapiikauinamoku 1955.
- Kapiikauinamoku 1956.
- Apple & Apple 1970.
- The Honolulu Advertiser 1909.
- The Independent 1903.
- The Pacific Commercial Advertiser 1870.
- Hawaii state office record
- Webb & Webb 1998, p. 5.
- Kamehiro 2009, p. 18.
- The Hawaiian Gazette 1887; Liliuokalani Education Society 1887, pp. 82–85
- Linnea 1999, pp. 23–29.
- Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame.
- Scott 1995.
- Books and journals
- Allen, Helena G. (1982). The Betrayal of Liliuokalani: Last Queen of Hawaii, 1838–1917. Glendale, CA: Arthur H. Clark Company. ISBN 978-0-87062-144-4. OCLC 9576325.
- Archer, Seth (2018). Sharks upon the Land: Colonialism, Indigenous Health, and Culture in Hawai'i, 1778–1855. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-316-80064-5.
- Blount, James Henderson (1895). The Executive Documents of the House of Representatives for the Third Session of the Fifty-Third Congress, 1893–'94 in Thirty-Five Volumes. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office. OCLC 191710879.
- Cooke, Amos Francis (1913). The Mid-Pacific Magazine. Honolulu: T. H., A. H. Ford; Pan-Pacific Union, Pan-Pacific Research Institution. pp. 451–456. OCLC 45158315.
- Forbes, David W., ed. (2003). Hawaiian National Bibliography, 1780–1900, Volume 4: 1881–1900. 4. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-2636-9. OCLC 123279964.
- Gregg, David L. (1982). King, Pauline (ed.). The Diaries of David Lawrence Gregg: An American Diplomat in Hawaii, 1853–1858. Honolulu: Hawaiian Historical Society. OCLC 8773139.
- Haley, James L. (2014). Captive Paradise: A History of Hawaii. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-60065-5. OCLC 865158092.
- Hawaii (1918). Lydecker, Robert Colfax (ed.). Roster Legislatures of Hawaii, 1841–1918. Honolulu: Hawaiian Gazette Company. OCLC 60737418.
- Iaukea, Curtis Piehu; Watson, Lorna Kahilipuaokalani Iaukea (1988). Schweizer, Niklaus R. (ed.). By Royal Command: The Official Life and Personal Reminiscences of Colonel Curtis Piehu Iaukea at the Court of Hawaii's Rulers. Honolulu: Hui Hanai. ISBN 978-0-9616738-6-4. OCLC 16006083.
- Kaeo, Peter; Queen Emma (1976). Korn, Alfons L. (ed.). News from Molokai, Letters Between Peter Kaeo & Queen Emma, 1873–1876. Honolulu: The University Press of Hawaii. ISBN 978-0-8248-0399-5. OCLC 2225064.
- Kam, Ralph Thomas (2017). Death Rites and Hawaiian Royalty: Funerary Practices in the Kamehameha and Kalakaua Dynasties, 1819–1953. S. I.: McFarland, Incorporated, Publishers. ISBN 978-1-4766-6846-8. OCLC 966566652.
- Kamakau, Samuel (1992) . Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii (Revised ed.). Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools Press. ISBN 0-87336-014-1. OCLC 25008795.
- Kamehiro, Stacy L. (2009). The Arts of Kingship: Hawaiian Art and National Culture of the Kalākaua Era. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-3263-6. OCLC 663885792.
- Kanahele, George S. (1999). Emma: Hawaii's Remarkable Queen. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-2240-8. OCLC 40890919.
- Kanahele, George S. (1979). Hawaiian Music and Musicians: An Illustrated History. University Press of Hawaii. ISBN 978-0-8248-0578-4. OCLC 903648649.
- Kanahele, George S. (2002) . Pauahi: The Kamehameha Legacy. Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools Press. ISBN 978-0-87336-005-0. OCLC 173653971.
- Kuykendall, Ralph Simpson (1953). The Hawaiian Kingdom 1854–1874, Twenty Critical Years. 2. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-87022-432-4. OCLC 47010821.
- Kuykendall, Ralph Simpson (1967). The Hawaiian Kingdom 1874–1893, The Kalakaua Dynasty. 3. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-87022-433-1. OCLC 500374815.
- Liliuokalani (1898). Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen, Liliuokalani. Boston: Lee and Shepard. ISBN 978-0-548-22265-2. OCLC 2387226.
- Liliuokalani Education Society (1887). Letters of Condolence and Resolutions on the Death of Princess Likelike, Wife of A.S. Cleghorn.</ref>
- Linnea, Sharon (1999). Princess Kaʻiulani: Hope of a Nation, Heart of a People. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans Young Readers. ISBN 978-0-8028-5088-1. OCLC 36727806.
- Mcdermott, John F.; Choy, Zita Cup; Guerrero, Anthony P. S. (2015). "The Last Illness and Death of Hawaiʻi's King Kalākaua: A New Historical/Clinical Perspective Cover". The Hawaiian Journal of History. Honolulu: Hawaiian Historical Society. 49: 59–72. OCLC 60626541 – via Project MUSE.
- Newbury, Colin (2001). "Patronage and Bureaucracy in the Hawaiian Kingdom, 1840–1893". Pacific Studies. Laie, HI: Brigham Young University, Hawaii Campus. 24 (1–2): 1–38. ISSN 0275-3596. OCLC 193272210. Archived from the original on April 15, 2012.
- Osorio, Jon Kamakawiwoʻole (2002). Dismembering Lāhui: A History of the Hawaiian Nation to 1887. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-2549-7. OCLC 48579247.
- Parker, David "Kawika" (2008). "Crypts of the Ali`i The Last Refuge of the Hawaiian Royalty". Tales of Our Hawaiʻi (PDF). Honolulu: Alu Like, Inc. OCLC 309392477. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 11, 2013.
- Peterson, Barbara Bennett, ed. (1984). Notable Women of Hawaii. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0820-4. OCLC 11030010.
- Pratt, Elizabeth Kekaaniauokalani Kalaninuiohilaukapu (1920). History of Keoua Kalanikupuapa-i-nui: Father of Hawaii Kings, and His Descendants, with Notes on Kamehameha I, First King of All Hawaii. Honolulu: Honolulu Star-Bulletin. OCLC 154181545.
- Restarick, Henry Bond (1924). Hawaii, 1778–1920, from the Viewpoint of a Bishop: Being the Story of English and American Churchmen in Hawaii with Historical Sidelights. Honolulu: Paradise of the Pacific. OCLC 1337282.
- Sebree, Shirley (1994). Pele's tears: reclaiming the lost gems of Hawaiian music in western music styles. New York: Vantage Press. ISBN 978-0-533-10631-8. OCLC 260209675.
- Taylor, Albert Pierce (1922). Under Hawaiian Skies: A Narrative of the Romance, Adventure and History of the Hawaiian Islands. Honolulu: Advertiser Publishing Company, Ltd. OCLC 479709.
- Tranquada, Jim; King, John (2012). The ʻUkulele: A History. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-3544-6. OCLC 767806914 – via Project MUSE.
- Van Dyke, Jon M. (2008). Who Owns the Crown Lands of Hawaiʻi?. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-6560-3. OCLC 257449971 – via Project MUSE.
- Webb, Nancy; Webb, Jean Francis (1998) . Kaiulani: Crown Princess of Hawaii. Honolulu: Mutual Publishing. ISBN 978-1-56647-206-7. OCLC 265217757.
- Zambucka, Kristin (1977). The High Chiefess: Ruth Keelikolani. Honolulu: Mana Publishing Company. OCLC 3836213.
- Zambucka, Kristin (2002). Kalakaua: Hawaiʻi's Last King. Honolulu: Māna Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-931897-04-7. OCLC 123305738.
- Newspapers and online sources
- "About Us: Patron of Hawaiian Music Culture". Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on October 22, 2017. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
- Apple, Russ; Apple, Peg (September 22, 1970). "This Day In Our Hawaiian Heritage". Honolulu-Star Advertiser. Honolulu. p. 20. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "At Rest". The Independent. Honolulu. March 11, 1903. p. 2.
- "A Hawaiian Chief Dies of the Asthma". The Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu. August 8, 1909. p. 6. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "In Memoriam, Princess Likelike". The Hawaiian Gazette. Honolulu. February 15, 1887. p. 1. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
- Kapiikauinamoku (November 28, 1955). "Likelike Was Cherished By Kamehameha Dynasty – The Story of Hawaiian Royalty". The Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu. p. 20. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kapiikauinamoku (June 21, 1956). "Peleuli II Brought Up In Kamehamehaʻs Court – The Story of Maui Royalty". The Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu. p. 18. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Likelike, Princess office record". digital archives. state of Hawaii. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2009.
- "Married". The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Honolulu. September 24, 1870. p. 2. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Scott, Marjorie J. (September 8, 1995). "Contributions of royal family recognized". The Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu. p. 17. Retrieved July 4, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Likelike.|
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- Miriam Likelike (1851–1887)
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| Royal Governor of Hawaii Island
Victoria Kinoiki Kekaulike