Lil Nas X
Lil Nas X
Nas X at the American Music Awards in November 2019
Montero Lamar Hill
April 9, 1999
Lithia Springs, Georgia, U.S.
Montero Lamar Hill (born April 9, 1999), known as Lil Nas X (// NAHZ), is an American rapper, singer, and songwriter. He came to international attention for his country rap single "Old Town Road", which first achieved viral popularity on the micro-platform video sharing app TikTok in early 2019, and was Diamond Certified by November the same year.[a] The song reached number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 and remained there for nineteen weeks, the longest for any song since the chart debuted in 1958. In June 2019, Nas X came out as gay, the only artist ever to have done so while having a number-one record. "Old Town Road" earned him two MTV Video Music Awards including Song of the Year; the American Music Award for Favorite Rap/Hip Hop Song; and Nas X is the only openly LGBTQ artist to win a Country Music Association award. He won two Grammy Awards for Best Music Video and Best Pop Duo/Group Performance along with being nominated for a total of six, the most for any male in 2019. TIME named him to their inaugural TIME 100 Next list.
His debut EP, 7, was released in June 2019 with its second single, "Panini", peaking at number five on the Hot 100 and three on Rolling Stone's Top 100. Its third single "Rodeo" with Cardi B, peaked at number nine on the Rolling Stone Top 100. As of September 2019[update], his songs have been streamed over 2.3 billion times.
Early life and education
Montero Lamar Hill was born in Lithia Springs, Georgia, a small city outside of Atlanta, on April 9, 1999. His parents divorced when he was six, and he settled in the Bankhead Courts housing project with his mother and grandmother. Three years later, he moved in with his father, a gospel singer, north of the city in Austell, Georgia. Although initially reluctant to leave, he later regarded it as an important decision: "There's so much shit going on in Atlanta—if I would have stayed there, I would have fallen in with the wrong crowd." He started “using the Internet heavily right around the time when memes started to become their own form of entertainment”; about when he was thirteen.
He spent much of his teenage years alone, and turned to the Internet, “particularly Twitter, creating memes that showed his disarming wit and pop-culture savvy.” His teenage years also saw him struggling with his coming out to himself as being gay; he prayed that it was just a phase, but around sixteen or seventeen he came to accept it. He began playing trumpet in the fourth grade and was first chair by his junior high years, but quit out of fear of looking uncool.
He attended Lithia Springs High School and graduated in 2017. He studied for one year at the University of West Georgia before dropping out. During this time, he stayed with his sister and supported himself with jobs at Zaxby's restaurants and the Six Flags Over Georgia theme park. In September 2019 he revisited his high school to perform a surprise concert.
2015-2017: Internet personality
Hill said he began to isolate himself from "outside-of-class activities" during his teenage years. He spent large amounts of time online in hopes of building a following as an internet personality to promote his work, but was unsure what to focus on creatively. In a Rolling Stone interview he stated, "I was doing Facebook comedy videos, then I moved over to Instagram, and then I hopped on Twitter ... where I really was a master. That was the first place where I could go viral." As of August 2019[update] Nas X has: 2.3 million followers on Twitter; four million followers on Instagram; “5.2 million subscribers on YouTube, and over 44 million monthly listeners on Spotify.” He posted short-format comedy videos on Facebook and Vine.
During this period, he reportedly created and ran Nicki Minaj fan accounts on Twitter, including one called "@NasMaraj", according to a New York Magazine investigation. In 2017, this account gained attention for its flash fiction-style interactive "scenario threads" popularized on Twitter using dashboard app TweetDeck. The investigation linked @NasMaraj to the practice of "Tweetdecking", or using multiple accounts in collaboration to artificially make certain tweets go viral. The @NasMaraj account was suspended by Twitter due to "violating spam policies". After the suspension of @NasMaraj, New York Magazine's investigation concluded that he subsequently opened a new account with handle "@NasMarai", and that his current Twitter account at the time was a repurposed version of that "@NasMarai" account with a changed handle. After media reports linked Nas X to the Minaj fan accounts, he called the reports a "misunderstanding", effectively denying having run the accounts.
He then landed on music as a path to success, and started writing and recording songs in his closet. He adopted the name Lil Nas X, which is a tribute to the rapper Nas. In late October 2018, he ran across the music that would be "Old Town Road".
2018-2019: "Old Town Road", further success and 7 EP
On December 3, 2018, Nas X released the country rap song "Old Town Road".[b] He bought the beat for the song anonymously on an online store from Dutch producer YoungKio for $30; it samples Nine Inch Nails' track "34 Ghosts IV" from their sixth studio album Ghosts I–IV (2008). He recorded at a “humble” Atlanta studio, CinCoYo, on their "$20 Tuesdays" taking less than an hour. Nas X began creating memes to promote "Old Town Road" before it was picked up by short-form video social media TikTok users. TikTok encourages its 500 million global users to “endless imitation,” with videos generating copies usually using the same music; the “app’s frantic churn of content ...acts as a potent incubator for viral music hits.” Nas X estimated he made about a hundred memes to promote it; the song went viral in early 2019 due to the #Yeehaw Challenge meme on TikTok. Millions of users posted videos of themselves dressed as a wrangler or cowgirl, with most #yeehaw videos using the song for their soundtrack; as of July 2019, they have been seen more than 67 million times. Another core audience tied to social media is children who are hidden in the statistics of adult listeners. Quartz.com says the song certainly owes part of its success to the demographic, and notes they are attracted to the song being repetitive, easy to sing along to, and using lyrics about riding horses and tractors, which kids can relate to. It debuted at number 83 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, later climbing to number one. The track also debuted on the Hot Country Songs chart at number 19 and Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs at number 36. After an "intense bidding war", Nas X signed with Columbia Records in March 2019. Billboard controversially removed the song from the Hot Country songs chart in March 2019 telling Rolling Stone:
“When determining genres, a few factors are examined, but first and foremost is a musical composition. While "Old Town Road" incorporates references to country and cowboy imagery, it does not embrace enough elements of today's country music to chart in its current version.
In Robert Christgau's opinion, "Taking 'Old Town Road' off the country chart strikes me as racist pure and simple, because country radio remains racist regardless of the Darius Ruckers and Kane Browns it makes room for." Another Billboard spokesperson told Genius, "Billboard's decision to take the song off of the country chart had absolutely nothing to do with the race of the artist." Despite being removed from the main Country Songs chart, the song charted on Billboard's Country Airplay chart, debuting at 53, and peaking at 50. In response, Sony Music Nashville CEO Randy Goodman told Billboard that his team started testing the song in some country radio markets, adding "it would be negligent not to look at it". In May 2019, the issues of racism in country music culture came up again when Wrangler announced its Lil Nas X collection, and some consumers threatened a boycott. Media outlets also noted that the song brings attention to the historic cultural erasure of African-Americans from both country music and the American frontier era.
Country music star Billy Ray Cyrus supported "Old Town Road", and became the featured vocalist in an April 2019 remix, the first of several.[c] That same month, Nas X broke Drake's record for the most U.S. streams in one week with 143 million streams for the week ending April 11, surpassing Drake's "In My Feelings", which had 116.2 million streams in a week in July 2018; as of August 2019 it has streamed over a billion plays on Spotify alone. NBC News's Michael Arceneaux noted,
In May 2019, the video was released and as of August 2019, has over 370 million views. Nas X released his debut EP, 7, on June 21, 2019. The EP debuted at number two on the Billboard 200 chart. On June 23, 2019, Nas X performed with Cyrus at the 2019 BET Awards. On June 30, Nas X made his international debut at the largest greenfield festival in the world, the U.K.’s annual Glastonbury Festival, when he and Billy Ray Cyrus made a surprise appearance and joined Miley Cyrus for the song, before performing his new single "Panini" solo in a set seen nationally on BBC. On the same day, Nas X became one of the most visible Black queer male singers when he came out as gay. This was especially significant for an artist in the country and hip hop genres, both of which emphasize machismo and “historically snubbed queer artists”.[d] Black queer male artists in hip hop having mainstream acceptance arguably started in 2012 with Frank Ocean’s coming out just before Channel Orange was released.[e] For end of June 2019 sales, Rolling Stone premiered the Rolling Stone Top 100 in early July with three Nas X hits: "Rodeo" featuring Cardi B at number nine; "Panini" at four; and "Old Town Road" as the first-ever number-one song on the chart.[f]
In July 2019, Time named him one of the 25 most influential people on the Internet for his "global impact on social media", and "overall ability to drive news". In late July 2019, the MTV Video Music Award (VMA) nominations were announced, with Nas X receiving eight.[g] He performed ”Panini,” an ”ode to the cartoon rabbit of the same name from Cartoon Network’s Chowder,” with a troupe of ”Tron-inflected dancers” at the 2019 MTV VMAs, where he also won two awards: Song of the Year, for which he is the first LGBTQ person to do so; and the video's Calmatic for Best Direction. He was nominated for five fan-chosen 2019 Teen Choice Awards, winning Choice R&B/Hip-Hop Song for the Cyrus remix of "Old Town Road".[h] "Old Town Road" is also the YouTube top song of the summer in the U.S. and over fifty other countries and territories; it is also their second top global song of the summer. Nas X and Billy Ray Cyrus’ remix also won the Country Music Association (CMA) Awards collaboration category, CMA Music Event of the Year; Nas X is the first out gay man to ever be nominated for a CMA award, and the only openly LGBTQ person to win. Vox noted the Event Award is not a part of the CMA televised celebration, and they snubbed Nas X from bigger appropriate categories. The "Old Town Road" remix with Cyrus has been nominated for a People's Choice Award for Song of 2019, Nas X is also nominated for Male Artist of 2019; the 45th People's Choice Awards will be held in November 2019. In October, at the 2019 BET Hip Hop Awards Nas X, with Cyrus, won for Best Collab/Duo or Group, and Single of the Year.[i] Also in October 2019, Nas X's label Columbia Records/Sony Music Entertainment, won the Music & Sound Recordings Award from SAG-AFTRA for “Old Town Road (Remix)” featuring Cyrus; the awards are presented “for work that exemplifies equal access” of LGBTQ and “other misrepresented or underrepresented groups.” In November 2019, Nas X won the American Music Award for Favorite Rap/Hip Hop Song, he was nominated for four others including three for “Old Town Road” featuring Billy Ray Cyrus.[j] In November 2019, Nas X was nominated for six Grammy Awards, including Record of the Year, Album of the Year and Best New Artist, and eventually won Best Music Video and Best Pop Duo/Group Performance. Lil Nas X' success caused him to become the first person of color and the first openly gay performer to be listed by Forbes in its annual Highest-Paid Country Acts List.
“Well, to me, Lil Nas X is my mic drop moment. We spend eight episodes and sixteen and a half hours talking about the fact that country music has never been one thing. ... And there’s a huge African American influence, and it permeates throughout the whole story. ... And here we are in a new modern age that we’re not touching, with all these classic, binary arguments about Billboard not listing [“Old Town Road”] on the country chart, and it turns out to be not just the No. 1 country hit but the No. 1 single, period, and it’s by a black gay rapper! ... It just is proving that all of those cycles that we have been reporting on across the decades — all of the tensions in country music of race, class, poverty, gender, creativity versus commerce, geography — are still going on.”
"Panini" was released as Nas X's second single through Columbia Records in June 2019. It is named after the fictional cabbit of the same name in the animated television series Chowder, and does not refer to the sandwich of the same name. In mid-September 2019 "Panini" had its first remix released with rapper DaBaby.
"Old Town Road" breaks chart records
In early July 2019, "Old Town Road" achieved its 13th week at the top spot on the Billboard 100, becoming the first hip hop song to do so.[k] It is also the first song to sell ten million copies while in the top spot. On its fifteenth week at the top, Nas X became the first openly gay artist to have a song last as long, beating out Elton John’s 1997 double A-side—where both sides of the record are promoted as hits, "Candle in the Wind 1997"/"Something About the Way You Look Tonight". At nineteen weeks at number one, Nas X holds the record for the most weeks since the chart was first introduced in 1958.[l] As of August 2019[update], the song has also charted nineteen weeks atop the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart; beating a three-way tie record.[m] At nineteen weeks at the top of the Hot Rap Songs chart the song has also beaten a three-way tie.[n] By November 2019, the song was Diamond Certified, moving a combined sales and streaming ten million units.
Nas X has been noted for his public fashions; in July 2019, Vogue noted Nas X as a "master" at giving the cowboy aesthetic a glam look in his appearances and on Instagram. His stylist, Hodo Musa, says he aims for items that are “electric, playful, colorful, and futuristic.” For his on-stage look at the 2019 MTV Video Music Awards he wore a cowboy motif cherry-red Nudie suit. Wrangler, which is mentioned in the “Old Town Road” lyrics, has consistently sold out of Nas X co-branded fashions.
In early June 2019, Nas X came out to his sister and father, and he felt the universe was signalling him to do so despite his uncertainty whether his fans would stick by him or not. On June 30, 2019, the last day of Pride Month, Nas X came out publicly as gay, tweeting: "some of y'all already know, some of y'all don't care, some of y'all not gone fwm no more. but before this month ends i want y'all to listen closely to c7osure. 🌈🤩✨" The tweet confirmed earlier suspicions when he first indicated this in his track "c7osure". Rolling Stone noted the song "touches on themes such as coming clean, growing up and embracing one's self". The next day he tweeted again, this time highlighting the rainbow-colored building on the cover art of his EP 7, with the caption reading "deadass thought i made it obvious". He was unambiguous in an interview several days later on BBC Breakfast, where he stated that he was gay and understands that his sexuality is not readily accepted in the country or rap music communities. The response to the news has been mostly positive, but also garnered a large amount of homophobic backlash on social media, to which Nas X also reacted. The backlash also came from the hip hop community, drawing attention to homophobia in hip hop culture. In January 2020 rapper Pastor Troy made some homophobic comments on the outfit Lil Nas X wore during the Grammy Awards to which Lil Nas X promptly responded: "Damn I look good in that pic on god.".
|Title||Details||Peak chart positions||Sales||Certification|
|Title||Year||Peak chart positions||Sales||Certifications||Album|
|"Old Town Road"
(solo or remix featuring Billy Ray Cyrus)
(with Cardi B or Nas)
|"—" denotes a recording that did not chart or was not released in that territory.|
Other charted songs
|Title||Year||Peak chart positions||Album|
|"F9mily (You & Me)"
(with Travis Barker)
|"Bring U Down"
(featuring Ryan Tedder)
|"C7osure (You Like)"||14||—||—||27|
|"—" denotes a recording that did not chart|
Awards and nominations
- Diamond Certified is moving ten million certified units — streaming and sales combined.
- "Old Town Road" has been variously described by publications as a country rap, country, trap, or Southern hip hop song. Nas X stated that he regards it as a "country trap" song.
- The single's second official remix, "Old Town Road (Diplo Remix)", was released on April 29, 2019 featuring additional production by American DJ Diplo. Mid-July 2019, an official remix of “Old Town Road” was released adding rapper Young Thug, and yodeler Mason Ramsey, to Billy Ray Cyrus. In late July 2019, another remix called "Seoul Town Road" was released featuring South Korean rapper RM of the boyband BTS. Billboard counts all the versions of the song in the same total.
- Rap is full of gay slurs like “sus”, “No homo”, and “Pause” using “queerness as a punchline”.
- Other notable Black queer men gaining mainstream acceptance before Nas X include: Tyler, the Creator; ILoveMakonnen; Brockhampton frontman Kevin Abstract; and Steve Lacy. Black queer women artists have been accepted more readily; while the queer hip hop movement goes back to the 1990s.
- The Rolling Stone Top 100 tracks “the most popular songs of the week in the United States”; ranked by combining streams and sales, omitting radio plays.
- His nominations were for “Old Town Road”: Song of the Year, Video of the Year, Best Collaboration, Best Hip Hop, Best Direction, Best Editing and Best Art Direction. He is also up for the Best New Artist trophy.
- Nas X was nominated for both "Choice Male Artist", and "Choice Breakout Artist"; "Old Town Road" was up for "Choice Song: Male Artist"; while the remix with Billy Ray Cyrus was also up for "Choice Collaboration".
- Nas X was also nominated for ‘Best New Hip-Hop Artist’.
- Nas X was also nominated for: New Artist of the Year; and “Old Town Road” featuring Billy Ray Cyrus for Collaboration of the Year, Favorite Pop/Rock Song, and Favorite Music Video.
- It surpassed three hip hop songs that were tied at twelve weeks each: "Lose Yourself" by Eminem (2002), "Boom Boom Pow" by The Black Eyed Peas (2009), and "See You Again" by Wiz Khalifa featuring Charlie Puth (2015). On its fourteenth week at the top, it was the tenth single to ever reach the mark, with Billboard noting all but two of the previous singles had been nominated for the Grammy Award for Song of the Year.
- Nas X beat two songs tied at sixteen weeks for the longest time to do so; "One Sweet Day" by Mariah Carey and R&B group Boyz II Men (1995–96); and "Despacito" by Luis Fonsi and Daddy Yankee featuring Justin Bieber (2017).
- On the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart: at nineteen weeks it beats the three songs at eighteen weeks:
- Three songs were tied at eighteen weeks each: “Hot Boyz” by Missy “Misdemeanor” Elliott featuring Lil' Mo, Nas, Eve and Q-Tip (1999-2000); “Fancy” by Iggy Azalea featuring Charli XCX (2014); and “Hotline Bling” by Drake (2015-16).
- Yeung, Neil. "Lil Nas X Bio". AllMusic. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
- Del Rosario, Alexandra (August 26, 2019). "VMAs: Lil Nas X Channels Robotic Future During "Panini" Performance". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
- Jamieson, Brii (June 12, 2019). "Travis Barker Has Written A Song With Viral Country Rap Artist Lil Nas X". Rock Sound. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
- Nancy Clanton, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (July 17, 2019). "Atlanta rappers Lil Nas X, Cardi B among Time's 25 most influential people on the Internet". ajc. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- Espinoza, Joshua (March 13, 2019). "Rapper Lil Nas X Scored a Billboard Hot 100 Hit Thanks to a TikTok Meme." Complex.com. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- Emily Yahr (March 29, 2019). "Billboard pulled Lil Nas X's viral 'Old Town Road' from the country chart. It ignited a controversy". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
- Walker, Yvette (October 28, 2019). "Country or Hip Hop?". Medium. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X, Country Music's Unlikely Son, Sparks Conversation On Genre And Race". NPR.org. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
- Sisario, Ben (April 5, 2019). "Lil Nas X Added Billy Ray Cyrus to 'Old Town Road.' Is It Country Enough for Billboard Now?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X hit 'Old Town Road' makes Billboard charts history". Associated Press. August 13, 2019. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- Trust, Gary; Anderson, Trevor (July 29, 2019). "Winner's Circle: Lil Nas X's 'Old Town Road' Breaks Record With 17th Week Atop Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
- Sheffield, Rob (July 19, 2019). "The 'Old Town Road' Goes on Forever". Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- Thompson, Paul (July 17, 2019). "Lil Nas X Is Strategically Closing in on History". Vulture. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- "21 Under 21 2019: Billie Eilish, Lil Nas X, Mason Ramsey & More of Music's Next Generation". Billboard. September 12, 2019. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X Reacts to Winning AMA for 'Old Town Road' | AMAs 2019". [[Billboard (magazine)|]]. November 25, 2019. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
- Bollinger, Alex (November 14, 2019). "Lil Nas X is the first out gay person to win a Country Music Award". LGBTQ Nation. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
- Warner, Denise (November 20, 2019). "2020 Grammy Nominees: The Complete List". Billboard. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
- "Montero Lamar Hill". GRAMMY.com. November 26, 2019. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
- "Camila Cabello and More Stars Among 2019 TIME 100 Next Honorees". E! Online. November 13, 2019. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- "Top 100 Songs". Rolling Stone. July 2, 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
- Najja Parker, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. ""I'm not angry": Lil Nas X addresses those who bullied him for coming out". ajc. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
- Chow, Andrew R. (April 5, 2019). "Lil Nas X Talks 'Old Town Road' and the Billboard Controversy." Time. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- Chow, Andrew R. (August 15, 2019). "'It Feels Like I'm Chosen to Do This.' Inside the Record-Breaking Rise of Lil Nas X". Time. Retrieved August 19, 2019.
- Eels, Josh (May 20, 2019). "Lil Nas X: Inside the Rise of a Hip-Hop Cowboy". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
- Carmichael, Rodney (April 10, 2019). "Wrangler On His Booty: Lil Nas X On The Making And The Magic Of 'Old Town Road'". National Public Radio. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
- Towle, Andy (September 30, 2019). "Lil Nas X Says He Prayed as a Teen That His Gay Inclinations Were Just a Phase: WATCH". Towleroad News. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
- King, Gayle (September 30, 2019). "Lil Nas X opens up about the difficulties of coming out: "We still have a long way to go"". CBS News. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- King, Gayle (October 1, 2019). "Lil Nas X on the origins of "Old Town Road": "The line just comes to me"". CBS News. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X Goes Undercover on Reddit, Twitter and Instagram". GQ. November 20, 2019. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
- Daniel, Ron (April 11, 2019). "Lithia grad Lil Nas X has top song in America". Douglas County Sentinel. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
- Naumann, Ryan (September 10, 2019). "Lil Nas X Drops By His Old High School To Give Surprise Concert". The Blast. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- Nilles, Billy (August 2, 2019). "Why Lil Nas X Breaking Records Is Such a Big Deal". E! Online. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
- Sloan, Elizabeth (August 26, 2019). "Lil Nas X's Real Name Is Montero Lamar Hill". Heavy. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- Feldman, Brian (April 5, 2019). "Before 'Old Town Road,' Lil Nas X Was a Tweetdecker". New York Magazine. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
- Reinstein, Julia (April 5, 2019). "Lil Nas X Used To Be A Tweetdecker". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- N/A, Mix (July 10, 2017). "One cryptic storyteller is using Twitter to craft thrilling interactive fiction". The Next Web. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Hill, Montero (August 4, 2017). "nasmaraj (u/nasmaraj) – Reddit". Reddit. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- "Wrangler On His Booty: Lil Nas X On The Making And The Magic Of 'Old Town Road'". NPR.org. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X on His Connection to Nicki Minaj Stan Account: 'It's Like a Big Misunderstanding'". Complex. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
- Prahl, Amanda (July 2, 2019). "His Name Pays Tribute to a Famous Rapper". PopSugar. Group Nine Media. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- Leight, Elias. "'Old Town Road' by Lil Nas X Is Officially the Number One Song in America". Rolling Stone. Penske Business Media. Archived from the original on April 9, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- Ivie, Devon. "Billboard Defends Lil Nas X's 'Old Town Road' Removal from the Country Charts". Vulture. New York Media. Archived from the original on April 6, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- Caramanica, Jon. "Lil Nas X's Smash Makes Country Wonder If Rap Is Friend or Foe. Again". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
- Ashrawi, Sama'an. "Before 'Old Town Road': The Evolution of Country Rap Tunes". Complex. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
- Manns, Keydra. "Was Billboard Wrong to Pull 'Old Town Road' from the Country Chart?". New Jersey On-Line. Advance Local. Archived from the original on March 31, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- Richards, Chris. "'Old Town Road' Is a Smash. Will It Mutate into 'Baby Shark'?". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings. Archived from the original on April 11, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- Zemler, Emily. "Watch Lil Nas X Perform 'Old Town Road' on Desus and Mero". Rolling Stone. Penske Business Media. Archived from the original on May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
- Gillespie, Katherine. "This Billy Ray Cyrus Remix of 'Old Town Road' Slaps". PAPER Magazine. Archived from the original on April 6, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- Spanos, Brittany. "Song You Need to Know: Lil Nas X and Billy Ray Cyrus, 'Old Town Road (Remix)'". Rolling Stone. Penske Business Media. Archived from the original on April 5, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- Butler, Bethonie. "Billboard Tried to Fit 'Old Town Road' into a Neat Box. But That's Not How We Listen to Music Anyway". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings. Archived from the original on May 9, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
- Luckerson, Victor. "Lil Nas X and the Costume of Country Rap". The Ringer. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- Yoo, Noah. "Billboard Removes Lil Nas X's Viral Song 'Old Town Road' from Country Chart". Pitchfork. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on March 31, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
- Pamela Engel (May 31, 2019). "Lil Nas X's country-trap hit 'Old Town Road' samples a Nine Inch Nails song — and the band might have a claim to some of the royalties". Retrieved June 24, 2019.
- Cirisano, Tatiana (March 22, 2019). "'Old Town Road' Rapper Lil Nas X Signs to Columbia Records". Billboard. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
- King, Gayle (September 30, 2019). "Lil Nas X takes Gayle King inside the studio where he recorded "Old Town Road"". CBS News. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
- Zhang, Cat (November 13, 2019). "The Anatomy of a TikTok Hit". [[Pitchfork (magazine)|]]. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- Kopf, Dan. "One secret to Old Town Road's record-breaking success? Kids are obsessed with it". Quartzy. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- Kellner, Xander. "Spurred by a TikTok Meme, Lil Nas X Scores First Billboard Hot 100 Hit With 'Old Town Road'". Billboard.
- Cirisano, Tatiana. "Labels Sparring Over Rapper Lil Nas X As 'Old Town Road' Rakes In Streams: Exclusive". Billboard.
- Nast, Condé. "Billboard Removes Lil Nas X's Viral Song "Old Town Road" from Country Chart". Pitchfork. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- Christgau, Robert (June 18, 2019). "Xgau Sez". robertchristgau.com. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X's 'Old Town Road' Debuts on Country Airplay Chart, Driven by Morning Show Spins". Billboard. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
- "Country Radio Music Chart". Billboard. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
- Nittle, Nadra (June 5, 2019). "Lil Nas X isn't an anomaly — black people have always been a part of country music". Vox. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
- Ruckus, Jake Iverson (July 18, 2019). "Lil Nas X's "Old Town Road" highlights the forgotten Black history of country music". Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- Weber, Jered (July 30, 2019). "The real 'Old Town Road': Lil Nas X highlights black cowboy culture across US". USA TODAY. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
- Smith, Jordan-Marie (August 2, 2019). "Tracing Country Music's Roots Back to 17th-Century Slave Ships". The Washington Post.
- Cyrus, Billy Ray (April 3, 2019). ".@LilNasX Been watching everything going on with OTR. When I got thrown off the charts, Waylon Jennings said to me "Take this as a compliment" means you're doing something great! Only Outlaws are outlawed. Welcome to the club!". @billyraycyrus. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- Angela Stefano (April 29, 2019). "Lil Nas X, Billy Ray Cyrus + Diplo Reveal Another 'Old Town Road' Remix at Stagecoach 2019 [WATCH]". The Boot. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
- France, Lisa Resper (July 12, 2019). "Lil Nas X blesses us with a new 'Old Town Road' remix". CNN Entertainment. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
- France, Lisa Respers (July 25, 2019). "Lil Nas X and RM of BTS drop new 'Old Town Road' remix". CNN. Retrieved July 25, 2019.
- Roberts, Randall. "Lil Nas X and Billie Eilish enlist array of stars in all-out race for No. 1". latimes.com. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X's "Old Town Road" Breaks Drake's Streaming Record!". Top40-Charts.com. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
- Arceneaux, Michael (July 14, 2019). "Lil Nas X showed Billboard and his critics that they can't tell him nothin'". NBC News. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X on Instagram: '"7" the EP! next month. 🤩'". Instagram. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X: 7 EP". Pitchfork. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
- "The Raconteurs Land First No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart With 'Help Us Stranger'". Billboard. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
- BETNetworks (June 23, 2019), Lil Nas X & Billy Ray Cyrus Bring The Old Town Road To The BET Awards Live! | BET Awards 2019, retrieved June 24, 2019
- Arcand, Rob (June 30, 2019). "Watch Miley Cyrus Bring Out Lil Nas X and Billy Ray Cyrus to Play "Old Town Road" at Glastonbury". Spin. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
- Kennedy, Gerrick D. (July 31, 2019). "Lil Nas X came out, but has hip-hop? A macho culture faces a crossroads". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
- Russell Simmons (July 4, 2012). "The Courage of Frank Ocean Just Changed The Game!". Global Grind. Archived from the original on July 1, 2013.
- Mora, Maria (September 3, 2019). "Is Hip Hop on Its Way To Becoming Queer-Friendly?". Hypebae. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- "Homo Hop is dead, Queer hip hop is the real deal" Archived March 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. 429 Magazine, March 11, 2013.
- "RS Charts: Lil Nas X's 'Old Town Road' Is Number One on Rolling Stone Top 100 Chart". Rolling Stone. July 2, 2019. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
- Bruner, Raisa (July 16, 2019). "The 25 Most Influential People on the Internet". Time. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- Liptak, Carena (July 23, 2019). "Lil Nas X Picks Up Eight MTV Video Music Awards Nominations". The Boot. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
- Grady, Constance; Abad-Santos, Alex (August 28, 2019). "Watch: the 6 best performances from this year's VMAs". Vox. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- Yang, Nico (August 27, 2019). "Lil Nas X Is First LGBTQ+ Musician to Win 'Song of the Year' at VMAs". Out. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- Grein, Paul (August 28, 2019). "Trent Reznor, Atticus Ross & More People Who Probably Never Expected to Get a CMA Nomination". Billboard. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- Clarendon, Dan (August 11, 2019). "Teen Choice Awards 2019: Complete List of Winners and Nominees". Us Weekly. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
- "'Avengers,' 'Riverdale' and Lil Nas X lead Teen Choice Awards nominations". CNN. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
- Tingley, Anna (August 26, 2019). "Lil Nas X's 'Old Town Road' Is YouTube's Song of the Summer in the U.S. – but Not the World". Variety. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- Strauss, Mathew (August 28, 2019). "Lil Nas X's "Old Town Road" Nominated at CMA Awards 2019". Pitchfork. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- Bollinger, Alex (August 29, 2019). "Lil Nas X is the first gay man to get a Country Music Award nomination". LGBTQ Nation. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- Frank, Allegra (August 30, 2019). "Lil Nas X's lone CMAs nod is faint praise from country music's biggest award show". Vox. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- Whitaker, Sterling (September 5, 2019). "2019 People's Choice Awards Nominees Include Lil Nas X, Billy Ray Cyrus + More". Taste of Country. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
- Dennis, Ryan (September 12, 2019). "Cardi B leads nominations for BET Hip Hop Awards in Atlanta". WXIA. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
- Casey, Jim (October 9, 2019). "Lil Nas X & Billy Ray Cyrus Win Two BET Hip Hop Awards for "Old Town Road"". Nash Country Daily. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- McNary, Dave (October 8, 2019). "SAG-AFTRA Honors 'It's Been a Minute,' 'Ramy,' 'Old Town Road'". Variety. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Mizoguchi, Karen (November 25, 2019). "American Music Awards 2019: See the Full List of Winners". [[People (magazine)|]]. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
- Greenburg, Zack O'Malley (November 13, 2019). "Highest-Paid Country Acts 2019: Lil Nas X Debuts; Luke Bryan Tops List". Forbes. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
- Telusma, Blue (December 3, 2019). "Lil Nax X' is first openly gay Black man to make Forbes' Highest Paid Country Acts list". theGrio. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
- Willman, Chris (September 15, 2019). "Ken Burns on 'Country Music' and Why Merle, Hank, Dwight, Loretta and Lil Nas X Matter". Variety. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
- Saponara, Michael (June 20, 2019). "Lil Nas X Releases 'Panini' Ahead of New EP '7'". Billboard. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- Williams, Aaron (June 20, 2019). "Lil Nas X Contemplates The Price Of Fame On 'Panini' From His Upcoming Debut EP". Uproxx. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
- Trammell, Kendall. "Lil Nas X's new song just made the panini far greater than a sandwich". CNN. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
- Bloom, Madison (September 13, 2018). "Lil Nas X and DaBaby Share New "Panini" Remix". Pitchfork. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
- Lil Nas X's 'Old Town Road' Tops Hot 100 For 13th Week; Mendes & Cabello's 'Senorita' No. 2 | Billboard
- Grein, Paul (July 8, 2019). "With 14 Weeks Atop Hot 100, Will Lil Nas X's 'Old Town Road' Get Any Grammy Love?". Billboard. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
- McIntyre, Hugh (August 1, 2019). "'Old Town Road' Is One Week Away From Beating One Of Drake's Most Important Chart Records". Forbes. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singlessongs: 1942-2004. Record Research. ISBN 0-89820-115-2.
- "Summer '16: Drake's 'One Dance' Set Record for Most Weeks Atop Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, Won Song of the Summer Honors & More". billboard.com. Billboard Music. September 8, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2018.
- Mendizabal, Amaya (January 25, 2016). "Drake's 'Hotline Bling' Ties Hot Rap Songs Chart Record". billboard.com. Billboard Music. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- Hahn, Rachel (August 29, 2019). "Lil Nas X Takes on His Very First VMAs in Glam-Cowboy Style". Vogue. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
- Hahn, Rachel (July 15, 2019). "Lil Nas X Gives Cowboy Style a Very Glam Vegas Makeover". Vogue. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- Gallagher, Jacob (September 9, 2019). "From Roy Rogers to Lil Nas X: The Wild Western Story of Nudie Suits". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 9, 2019.
- 'Old Town Road' boosts Wrangler jeans
- Tracer, Daniel (January 28, 2020). "WATCH: Lil Nas X's pink leather harness look took 700 hours to make". Queerty. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
- Minsker, Evan (July 1, 2019). "Lil Nas X Comes Out as Gay". Pitchfork. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- Nordyke, Kimberly (June 30, 2019). "Rapper Lil Nas X Seemingly Comes Out as Gay". Hollywood Reporter.
- Lil Nas X (June 30, 2019). "nope on Twitter: "some of y'all already know, some of y'all don't care, some of y'all not gone fwm no more. but before this month ends i want y'all to listen closely to c7osure. 🌈🤩✨"". Twitter. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X Comes Out On World Pride Day". GRAMMY.com. July 1, 2019. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X Comes Out as Gay". Pitchfork. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
- Henderson, Cydney. "'Old Town Road' rapper Lil Nas X faces down homophobic comments after coming out". USA Today. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
- "Watch: In New Interview, Rapper Lil Nas X Says He's Faced Backlash After Coming Out as Gay". EDGE Media Network. July 5, 2019. Retrieved July 7, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X Responds To Homophobic Comments Following Sexuality Announcement". amp.capitalxtra.com. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- Marie, Aurielle. "Beyond Expectations Lil Nas X Forges a Freer, More Fluid Hip Hop". Bitch Media. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
- Lil Nas X Repsonds To Pastor Troy's Homophobic Rant In A Very Lil Nas X Way vibe.com, 30 January 2020
- Lil Nas X Shut Down This Rapper's Homophobic Comments in the Best Way pride.com, Taylor Henderson, 29 January 2020
- Lil Nas X looked too good at the Grammys to worry about Pastor Troy’s homophobic comments metro.co.uk, Emma Kelly, 31 January 2020
- Lil Nas X responds to homophobic rant from rapper Pastor Troy
- Lil Nas X Responds to Pastor Troy's Homophobic Post
- Caulfield, Keith (June 30, 2019). "The Raconteurs Land First No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart With 'Help Us Stranger'". Billboard. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
- "ARIA Australian Top 50 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. July 1, 2019. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
- "Discographie Lil Nas X". austriancharts.at (in German). Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- "2019 Archive: Canadian Albums". Billboard. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
- "Album Top-40 Uge 25, 2019". Hitlisten. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
- "Discographie Lil Nas X". austriancharts.at (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- "IRMA – Irish Charts". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
- "Discography Lil Nas X". charts.nz. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
- "Veckolista Album, vecka 32". Sverigetopplistan. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X". Official Charts Company. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- "Gold & Platinum – Lil Nas X". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
- "Canadian single certifications". Music Canada. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
- Lil Nas X (July 14, 2018). "NASARATI by Lil Nas X — Free Listening on SoundCloud". SoundCloud. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
- Trust, Gary (April 8, 2019). "'Lil Nas X's "Old Town Road" Leaps to No. 1 on the Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
- Trust, Gary (September 23, 2019). "Lizzo's 'Truth Hurts' Tops Billboard Hot 100 For Fourth Week, Lil Nas X's 'Panini' Hits Top 10". Billboard. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
- "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Songs: April 13, 2019". Billboard. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
- "ARIA Australian Top 50 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. December 23, 2019. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
- "Chart Search: Canadian Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
- "Discography Lil Nas X". danishcharts.dk. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
- "IRMA – Irish Charts". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
- Peaks in Norway:
- Peaks in Sweden:
- Bjorke, Matt (February 25, 2020). "Top 30 Country Digital Downloads: February 25, 2020". Rough Stock. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
- "British certifications – Lil Nas X". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved May 10, 2019. Type Lil Nas X in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "Sverigetopplistan". Sverigetopplistan (in Swedish). Retrieved October 25, 2019.
- "Lil Nas X — Old Town Road". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- "New Zealand single certifications – Lil Nas X – Old Town Road". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
- "ARIA Chart Watch #554". auspOp. December 7, 2019. Retrieved December 7, 2019.
- "New Zealand single certifications – Lil Nas X – Panini". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
- "NZ Hot Singles Chart". Recorded Music NZ. February 10, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
- "Lil Nas X – Chart history (Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles)". Billboard. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
- "Top 100 Songs". Rolling Stone. July 2, 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
- Lil Nas X Leaps Onto Billboard 200, Hot 100, Hip-Hop & Rock Charts | Billboard
- "NZ Hot Singles Chart". Recorded Music NZ. July 1, 2019. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
- "C7osure (You Like)": "NZ Hot Singles Chart". Recorded Music NZ. July 15, 2019. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lil Nas X.|