Lila Lee

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Lila Lee
LilaLee.jpg
Lee, c. 1920
Born
Augusta Wilhelmena Fredericka Appel

(1905-07-25)July 25, 1905
DiedNovember 13, 1973(1973-11-13) (aged 68)
OccupationActress
Years active1918–1967
Spouse(s)
James Kirkwood, Sr.
(m. 1923; div. 1931)

Jack R. Peine
(m. 1934; div. 1935)

John E. Murphy
(m. 1944; div. 1949)
ChildrenJames Kirkwood Jr.

Lila Lee (born Augusta Wilhelmena Fredericka Appel; July 25, 1905[1][2][3] – November 13, 1973) was a prominent screen actress, primarily a leading lady, of the silent film and early sound film eras.

Early life[edit]

The daughter of Augusta F. Appel (c. 1875–1940) and Carl Appel (c. 1873–1935),[4][5] Lila Lee was born Augusta Wilhelmena Fredericka Appel on July 25, 1905 in Union Hill, New Jersey (now part of Union City), into a middle-class family of German immigrants who relocated to New York City. She had an older sister, Pauline (1900–1985), who had been born in Hamburg, Germany.[6][7]

Searching for a hobby for their gregarious young daughter, the Appels enrolled Lila in Gus Edwards' kiddie review shows where she was given the nickname of "Cuddles";[4] a name that she would be known by for the rest of her acting career. Her stagework became so popular with the public that her parents had her educated with private tutors. Edwards would become Lee's long-term manager.

Lillian Edwards, wife of Gus Edwards, was Lee's guardian. When Lee was 15 years old, she went to court seeking an injunction to prevent Mrs. Edwards "from collecting any money for Lila's services."[8] Mrs. Edwards countered that she had spent 10 years helping to shape Lee's career and had invested money in her.[8]

Career[edit]

Lee performed in vaudeville for eight years.[4]

In 1918, she was chosen for a film contract by Hollywood film mogul Jesse Lasky for Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, which later became Paramount Pictures. Her first feature The Cruise of the Make-Believes garnered the seventeen-year-old starlet much public acclaim and Lasky quickly sent Lee on an arduous publicity campaign. Critics lauded Lila for her wholesome persona and sympathetic character parts. Lee quickly rose to the ranks of leading lady and often starred opposite such matinee heavies as Conrad Nagel, Gloria Swanson, Wallace Reid, Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle, and Rudolph Valentino. Lee bore more than a slight resemblance to Ann Little, a former Paramount star and frequent Reid co-star who was leaving the film business and at this stage in her career an even stronger resemblance to Marguerite Clark.

In 1922 Lee was cast as Carmen in the enormously popular film Blood and Sand, opposite matinee idol Rudolph Valentino and silent screen vamp Nita Naldi; Lee subsequently won the first WAMPAS Baby Stars award that year. Lee continued to be a highly popular leading lady throughout the 1920s and made scores of critically praised and widely watched films.

As the Roaring Twenties drew to a close, Lee's popularity began to wane and Lee positioned herself for the transition to talkies. She is one of the few leading ladies of the silent screen whose popularity did not nosedive with the coming of sound. She went back to working with the major studios and appeared, most notably, in The Unholy Three, in 1930, opposite Lon Chaney Sr. in his only talkie. However, a series of bad career choices and bouts of recurring tuberculosis and alcoholism hindered further projects and Lee was relegated to taking parts in mostly grade B-movies.

Personal life[edit]

Lee was married and divorced three times. Her first husband was actor James Kirkwood, Sr., whom she married on July 26, 1923.[4] The marriage ended in August 1931 on grounds of her desertion. Lee and Kirkwood had a son in 1924, James Kirkwood, Jr., whose custody was granted to his father; he became a highly regarded playwright and screenwriter whose works include A Chorus Line and P.S. Your Cat Is Dead. Her second husband was broker Jack R. Peine and her third husband was broker John E. Murphy. According to author Sean Egan in the James Kirkwood biography Ponies & Rainbows (2011), Murphy's will left Lee at the financial mercy of his second wife, who consequently became the manipulative character Aunt Claire in P.S. Your Cat Is Dead, written by Lee's son, James Kirkwood, Jr.[citation needed]

Health[edit]

In the 1930s she was diagnosed with tuberculosis and moved to Saranac Lake, New York for treatment at the Will Rogers Memorial Hospital. Lee made several uneventful appearances in stage plays in the 1940s, and starred in early television soap operas in the 1950s.

Death[edit]

In 1973 Lee died of a stroke at Saranac Lake.

Recognition[edit]

For her contribution as an actress in motion pictures, she was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1716 Vine Street. It was dedicated on February 8, 1960.[9]

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lila Lee, 68, Dies; Silent Film Star". November 14, 1973. Retrieved February 11, 2020 – via NYTimes.com.
  2. ^ 1910 census. "Ancestry. com".
  3. ^ Social Security index. "Ancestry.com".
  4. ^ a b c d "The Real Inside Dope on the Movie Stars". Chicago Tribune. Illinois, Chicago. August 24, 1924. p. Part 8 - Page 6. Retrieved March 14, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  5. ^ "Augusta Wilhelmina Fredericka Appel". geni_family_tree. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  6. ^ "Pauline Appel". geni_family_tree. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  7. ^ Egan, Sean (December 11, 2011). "Ponies & Rainbows: The Life of James Kirkwood". BearManor Media. Retrieved February 11, 2020 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ a b "Lila Lee of Films Asks Writ to Rid Self of Guardian". Chicago Tribune. Illinois, Chicago. April 10, 1920. p. 12. Retrieved March 15, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  9. ^ "Lila Lee". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Archived from the original on March 15, 2018. Retrieved March 15, 2018.

External links[edit]