Lilial

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Lilial
Lilial.svg
Names
IUPAC name
3-(4-tert-Butylphenyl)-2-methylpropanal
Other names
  • 4-tert-Butyl-α-methyl-benzenepropanal
  • 4-tert-Butyl-α-methyl-hydrocinnamaldehyde
  • Butylphenyl methylpropional
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.001.173
EC Number 201-289-8
RTECS number MW4895000
UN number 3082
Properties
C14H20O
Molar mass 204.313 g·mol−1
Appearance Clear viscous liquid
Density 0.94 g/ml
Melting point −20 °C (−4 °F; 253 K)
Boiling point 275 °C (527 °F; 548 K)[1]
0.045 g/l at 20 °C
log P 4.36 [1]
Pharmacology
Topical
Related compounds
Related aldehydes
Bourgeonal

Isobutyraldehyde
Hexyl cinnamaldehyde
2-Methylundecanal

Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Lilial (a trade name for lily aldehyde, also known as lysmeral) is a chemical compound commonly used as a perfume in cosmetic preparations and laundry powders, often under the name butylphenyl methylpropional. It is a synthetic aromatic aldehyde.

Synthesis[edit]

Lilial may be prepared via a number of routes but is typically produced via a crossed-aldol condensation between para-tert-butylbenzaldehyde and propanal, followed by hydrogenation of the intermediate alkene. This produces a racemic product.

Properties[edit]

Lilial is commonly produced and sold as a racemic mixture; however, testing has indicated that the different enantiomers of the compound do not contribute equally to its odor. The (R)-enantiomer has a strong floral odor, reminiscent of cyclamen or lily of the valley; whereas the (S)-enantiomer possesses no strong odor.[2]

(R)-Lilial (top) and (S)-lilial

Like most aldehydes, lilial is not long term stable and tends to slowly oxidize on storage.

Safety[edit]

It can sometimes act as an allergen and may cause contact dermatitis in susceptible individuals.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Haefliger, Olivier P.; Jeckelmann, Nicolas; Ouali, Lahoussine; León, Géraldine (2010). "Real-Time Monitoring of Fragrance Release from Cotton Towels by Low Thermal Mass Gas Chromatography Using a Longitudinally Modulating Cryogenic System for Headspace Sampling and Injection". Analytical Chemistry. 82 (2): 729–737. doi:10.1021/ac902460d. ISSN 0003-2700. PMID 20025230.
  2. ^ Bartschat, Dietmar; Bürner, Susanne; Mosandl, A.; Bats, Jan W. (1997). "Stereoisomeric flavour compounds LXXVI: direct enantioseparation, structure elucidation and structure-function relationship of 4-tert-butyl-α-methyldihydrocinnamaldehyde". Zeitschrift für Lebensmitteluntersuchung und -Forschung A. 205 (1): 76–79. doi:10.1007/s002170050127. ISSN 1431-4649.