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In ancient Mesopotamian religion, lilin were hostile night spirits that attacked men.

In Jewish mythology, Lilin (Hebrew: לילין) is a term for night spirits. In Targum Sheni Esther 1:3 King Solomon had lilin dance before him.[1][2][3][4] Lilith and her children, the lilim, are considered to be night spirits. Lilith is also considered by older Jewish tradition to be Adam's wife.[5]

In the Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch, lilin come from the desert[6] and they are similar to shedim.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "LILITH -". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  2. ^ "DEMONOLOGY -". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  3. ^ The Open court, a monthly magazine: Volume 44 1930 "3 The Hebrew word lilin is not a true plural of lilith. We would expect lilitim or lilitos as a plural. The word is in reality the masculine counterpart of lilith and denotes a male night-monster. presented our common ancestor with a daughter named ..."
  4. ^ The sayings of the Jewish fathers: (Pirke aboth) 1919 "... this is the most general term for them, though various other grades of them are mentioned in the Talmud and kindred writings : shedim = "evil genii," an Assyrio-Bab. loan-word ; lilin, probably evil spirits of the night, also from the Assyrio-Bab.;
  5. ^ Cain's Wife Lilith's Daughter, Walter Hugh Parks
  6. ^ R H Charles translation
  7. ^ Charles, Robert Henry (1 January 1896). "The Apocalypse of Baruch". A. and C. Black. Retrieved 21 September 2016 – via Google Books.