In Mesopotamian demonology, Lilin (singular Lilim) were hostile night spirits that attacked men. They had less power than gods. This was also the Hebrew word for both the succubus and incubus spirits of other legends as a single concept. This word, however, only included the sons and daughters of Lilith or a Lilith-like creature. Older, more physically and mentally mature spirits were known as Lilitu in Hebrew mythology.
In Jewish mythology, Lilin (Hebrew: לילין) is a term for night spirits. In Targum Sheni Esther 1:3 King Solomon had lilin dance before him. Lilith and her children, the Lilim, are considered to be night spirits. Lilith is also considered by older Jewish tradition to be Cain's wife.
- Russell, Jeffrey Burton (1 January 1987). The Devil: Perceptions of Evil from Antiquity to Primitive Christianity. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0801494093. Retrieved 21 September 2016 – via Google Books.
- "LILITH - JewishEncyclopedia.com". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- "DEMONOLOGY - JewishEncyclopedia.com". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- The Open court, a monthly magazine: Volume 44 1930 "3 The Hebrew word lilin is not a true plural of lilith. We would expect lilitim or lilitos as a plural. The word is in reality the masculine counterpart of lilith and denotes a male night-monster. presented our common ancestor with a daughter named ..."
- The sayings of the Jewish fathers: (Pirke aboth) 1919 "... this is the most general term for them, though various other grades of them are mentioned in the Talmud and kindred writings : shedim = "evil genii," an Assyrio-Bab. loan-word ; lilin, probably evil spirits of the night, also from the Assyrio-Bab.;
- Cain's Wife Lilith's Daughter, Walter Hugh Parks
- R H Charles translation
- Charles, Robert Henry (1 January 1896). "The Apocalypse of Baruch". A. and C. Black. Retrieved 21 September 2016 – via Google Books.
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