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In Mesopotamian demonology, Lilin were hostile night spirits that attack men. They had less power than gods.[1]

In Jewish mythology, Lilin (Hebrew: לילין) is a term for night spirits. In Targum Sheni Esther 1:3 King Solomon, who commanded all spirits, had the lilin dance before him.[2][3][4][5] Lilith and her children, the Lilim, are considered to be night spirits. Lilith is also considered by older Jewish tradition to be Cain's wife. [6]

In the Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch, Lilin come from the desert [7] and they are similar to shedim.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Devil: Perceptions of Evil from Antiquity to Primitive Christianity By Jeffrey Burton Russell
  2. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia
  3. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia
  4. ^ The Open court, a monthly magazine: Volume 44 1930 "3 The Hebrew word lilin is not a true plural of lilith. We would expecl lilitim or lilitos as a plural. The word is in reality the masculine counterpari of lilith and denotes a male night-monster. presented our common ancestor with a daughter named ..."
  5. ^ The sayings of the Jewish fathers: (Pirke aboth) 1919 "... this is the most general term for them, though various other grades of them are mentioned in the Talmud and kindred writings : shedim = "evil genii," an Assyrio-Bab. loan-word ; lilin, probably evil spirits of the night, also from the Assyrio-Bab.;
  6. ^ Cain's Wife Lilith's Daughter, Walter Hugh Parks
  7. ^ R H Charles translation
  8. ^ The Apocalypse of Baruch