Lilium canadense

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Lilium canadense
Lilium canadense (lit).jpg
Canada lily[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Lilium
Species: L. canadense
Binomial name
Lilium canadense
  • Lilium pulchrum Salisb.
  • Lilium penduliflorum Redouté
  • Lilium pendulum Spae
  • Lilium peramoenum Farw.

Lilium canadense, commonly called either the Canada lily,[3][4] wild yellow-lily, or the meadow lily, is a native of eastern North America.[5] Its native range extends from Ontario to Nova Scotia south to Georgia and Alabama. It is most common in New England, the Appalachian Mountains, and the Canadian Maritimes.[6] It is also cultivated as an ornamental in Europe and other places.[7]

Flowers emerge in June. They are nodding (hanging downward), yellow, orange or red, often with darker spots. The plant has become less common in urban and suburban areas due to heavy browsing by the white-tailed deer.

• Habitat: moist meadows, wood margins • Height: 0.5-1.5 metres • Flower size: 50–75 mm wide • Flower color: yellow, orange, or red • Flowering time: June to July • Origin: native

The flower buds and roots traditionally gathered and eaten by North American indigenous peoples.[8]

Canada lily in Maine 
Red Canada lily 


  1. ^ illustration from "A selection of Hexandrian plants, belonging to the natural orders Amaryllidae and Liliacae from Zeichnungen" by Mrs. Edward Bury, Liverpool; painted by R. Havell, circa 1870
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  4. ^ "Lilium canadense". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 25 January 2016. 
  5. ^ Flora of North America, Vol. 26 Page 196, Canada lily, lis du Canada Lilium canadense Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 303. 1753.
  6. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  7. ^ Alpine Garden Society
  8. ^ Boreal Forest, Faculty of Natural Resources Management, Lakehead University, Lilium canadense, Canada Lily

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