Lilium canadense, commonly called either the Canada lily, wild yellow-lily, or the meadow lily, is a native of eastern North America. Its native range extends from Ontario to Nova Scotia south to Georgia and Alabama. It is most common in New England, the Appalachian Mountains, and the Canadian Maritimes. It is also cultivated as an ornamental in Europe and other places.
Flowers emerge in June. They are nodding (hanging downward), yellow, orange or red, often with darker spots. The plant has become less common in urban and suburban areas due to heavy browsing by the white-tailed deer.
• Habitat: moist meadows, wood margins • Height: 0.5-1.5 metres • Flower size: 50–75 mm wide • Flower color: yellow, orange, or red • Flowering time: June to July • Origin: native
The flower buds and roots traditionally gathered and eaten by North American indigenous peoples.
Conservation status in the United States
- illustration from "A selection of Hexandrian plants, belonging to the natural orders Amaryllidae and Liliacae from Zeichnungen" by Mrs. Edward Bury, Liverpool; painted by R. Havell, circa 1870
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- Alpine Garden Society
- Boreal Forest, Faculty of Natural Resources Management, Lakehead University, Lilium canadense, Canada Lily
- "Lilium canadense". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 31 May 2018.