Lilium canadense, commonly called either the Canada lily, wild yellow-lily, or the meadow lily, is a native of eastern North America. Its native range extends from Ontario to Nova Scotia south to Georgia and Alabama. It is most common in New England, the Appalachian Mountains, and the Canadian Maritimes. It is also cultivated as an ornamental in Europe and other places.
Flowers emerge in June. They are nodding (hanging downward), yellow, orange or red, often with darker spots. The plant has become less common in urban and suburban areas due to heavy browsing by the white-tailed deer.
• Habitat: moist meadows, wood margins • Height: 0.5-1.5 metres • Flower size: 50–75 mm wide • Flower color: yellow, orange, or red • Flowering time: June to July • Origin: native
The flower buds and roots traditionally gathered and eaten by North American indigenous peoples.
Conservation status in the United States
- illustration from "A selection of Hexandrian plants, belonging to the natural orders Amaryllidae and Liliacae from Zeichnungen" by Mrs. Edward Bury, Liverpool; painted by R. Havell, circa 1870
- "Lilium canadense". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
- "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
- "Lilium canadense". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- Skinner, Mark W. (2002). "Lilium canadense". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 26. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
- "Lilium canadense". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
- Alpine Garden Society
- Boreal Forest, Faculty of Natural Resources Management, Lakehead University, Lilium canadense, Canada Lily
- "Lilium canadense". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- Blanchan, Neltje (2005). Wild Flowers Worth Knowing. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.
- Native Plant Database profile, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, University of Texas at Austin
- Illinois Wildflowers
- Go Botany, New England Wildflower Society
- Connecticut Botanical Society
|This Liliales article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|