Lilium lancifolium (syn. L. tigrinum) is an Asian species of lily, native to China, Japan, Korea, and the Russian Far East. It is widely planted as an ornamental because of its showy orange-and-black flowers, and has become naturalized in numerous scattered locations in eastern North America (particularly in New England).
It is one of several species of lily to which the common name tiger lily is applied, and some regard this the correct species to which the name should be applied. Botanists for many years considered L. tigrinum the correct scientific name until it was determined that older name L. lancifolium refers to the same species. Under the rules of international botanical nomenclature, the older name takes precedence.
Like other true lilies, the flowers are borne on erect stems. In this species, stems are 80–200 centimetres (31–79 in) tall and bear lanceolate leaves 6–10 centimetres (2.4–3.9 in) long and 1–2 centimetres (0.39–0.79 in) broad. This lily produces aerial bulblets, known as bulbils, in the leaf axils along stems, which is rare in Lilium species. New plants grow from these bulbils. A shoot's flowers each last a few days and produce capsules if they are pollinated.
Cultivation and uses
- Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
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